1591 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 18 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
  • Feb 3 German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
  • Mar 1 Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henri IV
  • Mar 13 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • Apr 19 Chartres surrenders to king Henri IV in France
  • May 20 Spanish troops in Zutphen surrenders to Willem Louis/Mauritius
  • Jun 20 Mauritius & Willem van Nassau occupy Devente
  • Aug 19 French King Henri IV occupies Rouen
  • Sep 9 -10] Battle at Flores Azores: Spanish beat English
  • Sep 21 French bishops recognize Henri IV as king of France
  • Oct 21 Nijmegen surrenders to Earl Mauritius van Nassau
  • Oct 29 Giovanni A Facchinetti elected as Pope Innocentius IX
  • Nov 12 Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 11 Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
  • Jan 12 José Ribera/Jusepe de Ribera, Spanish painter and printmaker, nicknamed Lo Spagnoletto (d. 1652)
  • Feb 25 Friedrich von Spee, German writer (d. 1635)
  • Mar 15 Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)
  • Aug 24 Robert Herrick, English poet ('Gather ye rosebuds while ye may') (baptized), born in London (d. 1674)
  • Sep 8 Jacqueline M A de Sainte Madeleine Arnauld, French abbess

Deaths in History

  • Jan 19 Edmond Auger, French jesuit (under Henri III), dies at about 60
  • Feb 5 Gerard de Jode, Flemish publisher, dies
  • May 15 Dmitry Ivanovitch, youngest son of Russian Tsar Ivan IV, murdered at 8
  • May 17 Jost/Jobst/Jodocus Amman, Swiss cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 51
  • Jun 21 Aloysius [Luigi] van Gonzaga, Prince/Italian Jesuit saint, dies
  • Aug 23 Luis de Leon, scholar/poet, dies
  • Sep 12 Richard Grenville, vice-admiral (Roanoke) dies in battle at 49
  • Oct 16 Gregory XIV, [Niccolo Sfondrati], Italian Pope, dies at 56
  • Nov 20 Christopher Hatton, English politician (b. 1540)
  • Dec 14 Juan de la Cruz, [de Yepes], Spanish Carmelet/poet/saint, dies
  • Dec 30 Innocent IX, [Giovanni Facchinetti], Pope, (1591 62 days), dies at 72