1609 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 31 Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
  • Mar 12 Bermuda becomes an English colony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Co

Explorer Henry Hudson
Explorer
Henry Hudson
  • Apr 5 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.
  • Apr 9 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 Shakespeare's Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.

  • May 23 Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.
  • Jun 17 Netherlands, England & France sign 12 year Covenant
  • Jul 6 Majesteitsbrief: Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of religion
  • Jul 9 Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemian protestants freedom of religion
  • Jul 10 Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League
  • Jul 20 Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion
  • Jul 28 Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga, New York setting the stage for French-Iroquois conflicts for the next 150 years

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei's telescope

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Aug 25 Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers
  • Aug 28 English explorer Henry Hudson, discovers & explores Delaware Bay
  • Sep 1 Pieter Both sworn in as 1st governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • Sep 4 Navigator Henry Hudson first European to discover island of Manhattan [or Sep 11]
  • Sep 11 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
  • Oct 12 Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" published in London
  • Dec 8 Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room, the second public library of Europe.

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 10 John Suckling, English Cavalier poet/dramatist/courtier
  • Feb 18 Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, English PM (1660-67)
  • Mar 18 Frederick III, King of Denmark & Norway (1648-70); absolutist
  • Mar 22 Jan II Kazimierz, cardinal/King of Poland (1648-68)
  • Mar 22 John II Casimir Vasa, cardinal/king of Poland (1648-68)
  • May 16 Ferdinand, Austria, cardinal of Spain/governor of Netherlands
  • Jul 28 Judith J Leyster, Dutch house painter, baptised
  • Aug 6 Richard Bennett, English Colonial Governor of Virginia (d. 1675)
  • Aug 29 Sassoferrato, [Giovanni B Salvi], Italian painter (Madonna)
  • Aug 30 Artus I Quellinus "the Old", Flemish sculptor, baptised
  • Oct 5 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)
  • Oct 26 William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
  • Nov 16 Henrietta Maria, French-born, Queen Consort of England (d. 1669)
  • Nov 26 Henry Dunster, English president of Harvard College (d. 1659)
  • Dec 24 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (d. 1683)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Joseph Justus Scaliger, French inventor of "Julian Period", dies at 68
  • Feb 7 Ferdinand I, cardinal/ruler of Toscane, dies
  • Feb 17 Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1549)
  • Mar 25 Olaus Martini, Swedish Archbishop of Uppsala (b. 1557)
  • Apr 4 Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (b. 1526)
  • May 26 Cornelis Claesz, mapmaker, buried
  • Jul 15 Annibale Carracci, painter, dies
  • Jul 20 Federico Zuccari, Italian Mannerist painter, dies at about 69
  • Aug 22 Maharal of Prague, Jewish mystic and philosopher (b. 1525)
  • Oct 19 Jacobus Arminius, [Jacob Hermans], theologist, dies at about 49
  • Dec 4 Alexander Hume, Scottish poet