1631 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 23 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 Rhode Island, founder, Roger Williams arrives in Boston from England

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • May 17 Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg
  • May 18 English colony Massachusetts Bay grants puritarian voting right

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

May 18 John Winthrop is elected 1st Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop
Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop
  • May 20 Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years' War.
  • May 30 The Treaty of Fontainebleau signed between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France, establishing a secret alliance between them during the Thirty Years' War.
  • Jun 17 Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal
  • Jun 19 Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes duke of Mantua
  • Jun 20 The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates
  • Sep 13 Admiral Tholen conquers 30+ Spanish frigates
  • Sep 17 Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf of Sweden defeats Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
  • Oct 10 Saxon army occupies Prague
  • Nov 4 Ferdinand of Austria installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • Nov 7 Pierre Gassendi observes transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler
  • Dec 6 1st predicted transit of Venus (Kepler) is observed
  • Dec 16 Mount Vesuvious, Italy erupts, destroys 6 villages & kills 4,000

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 16 René Le Bossu, French critic (d. 1680)
  • Apr 8 Cornelis de Heem, painter
  • May 4 Mary I Henriette Stuart, daughter of Charles I/queen of England
  • Jul 15 Jens Juel, Danish diplomat (d. 1700)
  • Aug 19 John Dryden, English poet (1st Poet Laureate 1668-1700), born in Aldwincle, Northamptonshire (d. 1700) [OS=Aug 9]
  • Sep 30 William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
  • Dec 14 Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679)
  • Dec 28 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Thomas Hobson, the "Cambridge Carrier", eponym of Hobson's Choice (b. 1544)
  • Mar 31 John Donne, Metaphysical poet, dies (birth date unknown)
  • May 6 Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician
  • Jun 17 Mumtaz Mahal, Empress consort of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal as her mausoleum and symbol of his undying love, dies during childbirth of her 14th child at 38

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 21 John Smith, English explorer (Chesapeake Bay, New England) and leader of the Virginia Colony (Jamestown), dies at 51

Explorer John Smith
Explorer
John Smith
  • Jun 26 Justinus van Nassau, ltalian admiral (Armada), dies
  • Jul 19 Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (b. 1550)
  • Jul 28 Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish dramatist (b. 1569)
  • Aug 8 Konstantinas Sirvydas, Lithuanian lexicographer (b. 1579)
  • Oct 5 Arabella Holles, wife of English politician Thomas Wentworth, dies
  • Oct 20 Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
  • Nov 30 Rabbi Samuel Eliezer ben Judah ha-levi Edels, dies
  • Dec 23 Michael Drayton, English poet (b. 1563)
  • Dec 27 John Pijnas, Dutch painter, buried at about 47