1642 in History

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Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Jan 10 King Charles I & family flee London for Oxford
  • Mar 1 Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
  • Mar 9 English Queen Henriette Maria arrives in Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 Abel Tasman is the 1st European to sight New Zealand, viewing the north-west coast of the South Island

Explorer and Seafarer Abel Tasman
Explorer and Seafarer
Abel Tasman
  • Mar 27 The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.
  • May 6 Ville Marie (Montreal) forms
  • May 18 Montreal, Canada, founded
  • May 30 All honours granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament
  • Jun 14 1st compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts
  • Aug 13 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
  • Aug 14 Able Tasman's ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out from Batavia
  • Aug 22 Civil War in England began between Royalists & Parliament
  • Sep 19 Perpignan surrenders to French troops
  • Sep 23 Harvard College in Cambridge, Mass, 1st commencement
  • Oct 23 Battle of Edgehill (Warwickshire): King Charles I beat English parliamentarian forces
  • Nov 2 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
  • Nov 13 Battle at Turnham Green outside London: King Charles I vs English parliament
  • Nov 24 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman discovers Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania)
  • Dec 13 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland
  • Dec 18 Abel Tasman's expedition sails around Farewell Spit and into Golden Bay, first sighting local Māori in New Zealand
  • Dec 19 4 of Abel Tasman's crew killed at Wharewharangi (Murderers) Bay by Māori; Tasman's ships depart without landing
  • Dec 22 Pope Urbanus VIII publishes degree In eminente

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey)
  • Apr 8 Gerard Callenbach, Dutch admiral
  • Jun 20 George Hickes, English linguistic (Old German Philology)
  • Aug 1 Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95) [or Feb 25, 1643]
  • Aug 14 Cosimo III de' Medici, monarch of Florence (1670-1723)
  • Nov 16 Cornelis Evertsen the Younger, Dutch buccaneer/lt admiral of Zeeland
  • Nov 24 Anne Hilarion de Cotentin, earl of Tourville/knight/admiral/marshal

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 25 Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England (d. 1727)

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • Dec 30 Vincenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (d. 1707)

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8 Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist/astronomer, dies at 77 in Italy

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Feb 7 William Bedell, English clergyman (b. 1571)
  • Apr 30 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (b. 1578)
  • May 6 Frans Francken, the Younger, Flemish painter, dies on 61st birthday
  • Jul 3 Maria de' Medici, French queen-mother, dies at about 69
  • Jul 18 Willem earl of Nassau-Siegen, gov of Ft Emmerik/Heusden, dies
  • Aug 18 Guido Reni, Italian painter (b. 1575)
  • Sep 3 Elisabeth of Nassau, daughter of Willem I/Charlotte, dies at 65
  • Sep 12 Cinq Mars, French plotter, executed
  • Sep 29 René Goupil, French Catholic missionary, one of Canadian Martyrs (b. 1608)
  • Nov 1 Jean Nicolet, French explorer (b. 1598)
  • Nov 7 Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • Dec 4 Armand-Jean Duplessis Richelieu, bishop of Lucon, dies at about 57