1643 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 23 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War
  • Feb 25 Dutch US colonists kill Algonquin-indians
  • Apr 27 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid
  • May 13 Battle of Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
  • May 13 Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Louis XIV becomes King of France aged 4

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • May 19 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • May 19 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England
  • Jun 15 Able Tasman returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania
  • Jun 18 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies
  • Jun 30 Battle of Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • Jul 5 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)
  • Jul 13 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 27 Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists at Battle of Gainsborough

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Sep 20 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Nov 24 Battle of Tuttlingen: Beiers army under Gen Mercy beats France
  • Dec 13 English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • Dec 25 Christmas Island founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 16 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (d. 1714)
  • Feb 25 Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95)
  • Mar 25 Louis Moréri, French encylopedist (d. 1680)
  • Apr 5 Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lorraine/fieldmarshal in Austria
  • May 7 Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician (d. 1700)
  • Aug 21 Afonso VI, king of Portugal (1656-67) (mentally ill)
  • Sep 17 Gilbert Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury/author
  • Sep 27 Solomon Stoddard, American Puritan clergyman
  • Oct 14 Bahadur Shah I, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1712)
  • Nov 1 John Strype, English historian and biographer (d. 1737)
  • Nov 16 Jean Chardin, French explorer (d. 1703)
  • Nov 22 René R Cavelier sieur de La Salle, French explorer
  • Dec 22 Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle, France, French explorer (Louisiana)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 Simon Episcopius, [Bisschop], Dutch theologist, dies at 60
  • May 14 Louis XIII, King of France (1610-43), dies at 41
  • Jun 24 John Hampden, English politician, dies of injuries at about 48
  • Jul 25 Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, English statesman (b. 1584)
  • Aug 20 Anne Hutchinson, English Puritan preacher, killed in Native American uprising (b. 1591)
  • Sep 15 Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (b. 1566)
  • Sep 20 Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland, English politician and writer
  • Oct 13 Sweder van Haersolte, mister of Swaluwenborch/diplomat, dies at 61
  • Nov 3 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (b. 1577)
  • Nov 3 John Bainbridge, English astronomer (b. 1582)
  • Nov 17 Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant, Marshal of France (b. 1602)
  • Nov 29 William Cartwright, English dramatist (b. 1611)
  • Dec 8 John Pym, English statesman (b. 1583)