1644 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 18 Perplexed Pilgrims in Boston reported America's 1st UFO sighting
  • Jan 24 Parliamentary army wins battle of Nantwich, Cheshire, English Civil War
  • Feb 5 1st US livestock branding law passed, by Connecticut
  • Mar 7 Massachusetts establishes 1st two-chamber legislature in colonies
  • Mar 14 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
  • Mar 19 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor
  • Mar 31 Pope Urbanus VIII & duke of Parma signs Peace of Ferrara
  • Apr 29 Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes emperor of China & flees Peking
  • May 6 Johan Mauritius resigns as governor of Brazil
  • May 23 Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
  • May 28 Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby. (English Civil War)
  • Jun 11 Florentine scientist Evangelista Torricelli describes his invention of the mercury barometer in 1643 in a letter to Michelangelo Ricci
  • Jul 2 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert
  • Sep 2 , Cornwall: Robert Devereux's infantry surrenders

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Sep 5 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Sas of Gent

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • Sep 15 Giambattista Pamfili replaces Pope Urban VII as Innocent X
  • Sep 17 French troops occupy Mainz
  • Oct 23 Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Adm Thijssen beats Denen

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 27 Second Battle of Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Nov 19 First protestant ministry society in New England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 Areopagitica, a pamphlet by John Milton, decrying censorship, is published.

  • Dec 4 First European peace congress opens in Munster

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 10 Louis Boufflers, marshall of France
  • Mar 20 Ivan Mazepa, Cossack Hetman of the Hetmanate (d. 1709)
  • Apr 7 François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (d. 1730)
  • Apr 17 Abraham Jansz Storck, painter, baptized
  • Jun 16 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)
  • Jul 2 Abraham a Santa Clara, [Johann Megerle], German court vicar
  • Jul 12 Arnold Moonen, Dutch vicar/literature (David's holy saint graduals)
  • Aug 6 Francoise L de la Baume Le Blanc, French mistress of Louis XIV
  • Sep 5 Gillis Schey, Dutch admiral (battle at Lowestoft)
  • Sep 14 Gijsbert Cuper, Dutch classicist/regent
  • Sep 25 Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (d. 1710)
  • Oct 2 François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (d. 1724)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 14 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, born in London, England (d. 1718)

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Dec 30 Philips van Almonde, Dutch Zeeuws lt-admiral

Deaths in History

  • Jan 30 William Chillingworth, Engl theologian, Cambridge Platonist, dies
  • Mar 5 Louise Juliana, countess of Nassau, dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 19 Chongzhen, last Ming Emperor of China, commits suicide

Chinese Emperor Chongzhen
Chinese Emperor
Chongzhen
  • Mar 24 Cecilia Renata, arch duchess of Austria, dies
  • Jun 16 Johannes a Sancto Thoma, [Poinset], Portuguese theologist, dies at 54
  • Jul 2 William Gascoigne, introduced telescopic sights, is killed at 24
  • Jul 29 Urban VIII, [Maffeo Barberini], Pope (1623-44), dies
  • Aug 5 J Henry Alting, theologist (Statenvertaling), dies at 61
  • Sep 4 John Wtenbogaert, theologist (Kerckelicke history), dies at 87
  • Sep 7 Guido Bentivoglio, Italian statesman (b. 1579)
  • Sep 8 Francis Quarles, English poet (Enchiridion), dies
  • Oct 6 Elisabeth (In Spanish Isabel) of Bourbon, wife of Philip IV of Spain (b. 1602)
  • Nov 10 Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (b. 1579)
  • Dec 30 Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist (b. 1577)