1653 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 3 The Coonan Cross Oath is taken in the Saint Thomas Christian community in an effort to avoid submission to Portuguese rule in India
  • Feb 2 New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York)
  • Feb 3 Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
  • Feb 7 Nicolas Fouquet appointed superintendant of Finance of France
  • Feb 20 Defeat of Dutch fleet under Adm Van Tromp by Adm Blake off Portsmouth
  • Feb 28 -Mar 3] 3 Day Sea battle English beats Dutch
  • Mar 14 Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Oliver Cromwell routes English parliament to house

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • May 24 German Parliament selects Ferdinand II king of Austria
  • Jun 12 - 13] First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard/ Battle at North Foreland, English fleet beats the Dutch
  • Jul 4 English Barebones Parliament goes into session
  • Jul 30 Johan de Witt sworn in as pension advisor of Holland
  • Jul 31 Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux
  • Aug 10 The Battle of Scheveningen, English fleet beats Dutch
  • Aug 15 -16] Dutch ship "Sperwer" stranded at Tsjedzjoe Korea
  • Oct 1 Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
  • Dec 12 English "Barebones" Parliament ends
  • Dec 16 Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Bernhard Albinus, Germany, court-physician (Frederick of Prussia)
  • Mar 25 Joseph Sauveur, French physicist/mathematician
  • Apr 2 Prince George of Denmark, prince consort of Anne of England (d. 1708)
  • May 8 Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshall of France (d. 1734)
  • May 21 Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)
  • May 30 Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany (d. 1676)
  • Jul 5 Thomas Pitt, English merchant and Governor of Madras (d. 1726)
  • Aug 8 Jacques Basnage, French/Neth historian/vicar
  • Aug 9 John Oldham, English poet (d. 1683)
  • Aug 14 Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (d. 1688)
  • Oct 18 Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
  • Nov 16 Joan van Hoorn, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1707-09)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 21 Adriaen Pauw, master of Heemstede/Dutch Grand Pensionary, dies at 71
  • Mar 17 Johan van Galen, admiral (battle of Livorno), dies in battle at 48
  • Mar 23 Johan van Galen, Dutch admiral (Dunes Monte Christo), dies at about 48
  • May 10 John Bicker, ship builder/merchant/regent, dies at 61
  • May 18 Carel Reyniersz, gov-gen (Neth East Indies), dies at 48
  • May 19 Carel Reyniersz, gov-gen of Neth East Indies, dies at 48
  • May 26 Robert Filmer, English writer (b. 1588)
  • Jul 10 Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
  • Jul 31 Thomas Dudley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1576)
  • Aug 10 Maarten Harpertsz Tromp, [Bestevaer], lt-adm, dies in battle at 55
  • Aug 29 Gillesz de Hondecoeter, painter/Hostage rights, buried at about 49
  • Sep 3 Claudius Salmasius, [Claude Saumaise], French linguistic, dies at 65
  • Oct 3 Mark Zuesius Boxhorn, historian, dies at 41
  • Oct 7 Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (b. 1581)
  • Nov 26 Maximilian Teellinck, vicar, dies at about 51