1659 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 14 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • Jan 24 Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
  • Feb 16 1st known cheque (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey)
  • Apr 22 Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands English parliament
  • May 22 France, England & Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
  • May 25 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England. Many pubs in England have since been called "Tumbeldown Dick" in his memory.
  • May 31 Netherlands, England & France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • Jun 29 The Russians, led by prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • Sep 30 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe)
  • Oct 12 English "Rump" Parliament dimisses John Lambert & other generals
  • Oct 13 General-major John Lambert drives out English Rump-government

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Nov 7 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Nov 17 Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain.
  • Nov 25 Michiel de Ruyter conquers Danish city Nyborg
  • Dec 8 Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco.
  • Dec 16 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • Dec 26 Long Parliament reforms in Westminster

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 21 Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect
  • Feb 1 Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch Swiss lawyer/navigator (Easter Island)
  • Mar 8 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (d. 1738)
  • Mar 26 William Wollaston, Coton England, philosopher
  • May 16 Campegius Vitringa, Dutch theologist
  • Jun 3 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • Jun 12 Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719)
  • Jul 20 Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (d. 1743)
  • Jul 23 Antonius Schultingh, [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer
  • Jul 28 Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1715)
  • Dec 12 Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (d. 1739)
  • Dec 20 Francois Fagel, Dutch lawyer/statesman

Weddings in History

  • Jul 16 Princess Henriette C of Orange-Nassau weds monarch Johan George II

Deaths in History

  • Jan 16 Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)
  • Feb 17 Abel Servien, French diplomat (b. 1593)
  • Feb 27 Henry Dunster, first President of Harvard College (b. 1609)
  • Apr 15 Simon Dach, Prussian German poet, dies at 63
  • Jun 3 Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
  • Sep 5 Pieter de Carpentier, Flemish gov-gen of Neth East-Indies, dies at 71
  • Oct 8 Jean de Quen, French Jesuit missionary
  • Oct 10 Able J Tasmania, navigator/discovered (Tasmania, NZ), dies at about 56
  • Oct 27 Marmaduke Stevenson, Quaker in Boston, hanged
  • Oct 31 John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)