1661 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 6 The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London.

BattleExecution

Jan 30 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 French King Louis XIV ends office of premier

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 23 English king Charles II crowned in London

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Apr 29 Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
  • Apr 30 Tsjeng Tsj'eng-Kung begins siege of Dutch fort Zeelandia, Formosa
  • May 3 Johannes Hevelius observes 3rd transit of Mercury ever to be seen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Isaac Newton admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • Jun 21 Treaty of Kardis: Russia & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • Jun 23 Marriage contract for Charles II of England & Catharina of Portugal
  • Jul 3 Portugal gives Tangier & Bombay to English King Charles II
  • Jul 16 1st banknotes in Europe are issued by Bank of Stockholm
  • Jul 27 English Parliament confirms Navigation Act
  • Aug 6 The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold to Portugal
  • Sep 5 Nicolas Fouquet, French Superintendent of Finances under Louis XIV arrested; he died in 1680, never having seen freedom again.
  • Dec 20 Corporation Act enforced in England

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 30 Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)
  • Mar 25 Paul de Rapin, French historian (d. 1725)
  • Apr 11 Antoine Coypel, French painter/poet
  • Apr 16 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)
  • May 25 Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian (d. 1737)
  • Jun 9 Tsar Feodor III of Russia (d. 1682)
  • Oct 11 Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat/elect (Anti-Lucretius)
  • Nov 4 Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1742)
  • Nov 6 Charles II, last Habsburg king of Spain (reigns 1665-1700)
  • Nov 15 Christoph von Graffenried, Swiss settler in Americas (d. 1743)
  • Nov 28 Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (d. 1723)
  • Dec 5 Robert Haley, earl of Oxford/English premier (Whig, 1710-14)
  • Dec 18 Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (d. 1751)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

May 25 King Charles II marries Portuguese princess Catherina the Braganca

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Pieter Claesz, Dutch still life painter, dies at about 64
  • Jan 3 Maria I Stuart, Queen of England/husband of Willem II, dies at 29 [NS]
  • Jan 17 Andres Malong, Philippines rebel leader, executed
  • Jan 19 Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1799)
  • Feb 2 Lucas Holstenius, German humanist (b. 1596)
  • Mar 1 Richard Zouch, English jurist (b. 1590)
  • Mar 8 Jules Mazarin, Italian cardinal/premier of France, dies at 58
  • Mar 9 Jules "Cardinal" Mazarin, chief minister of France, dies at 58
  • Mar 22 Hendrick Uylenburgh, art dealer, buried at about 73
  • Mar 24 William Leddra, last Quaker, hanged in Boston
  • Apr 4 Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
  • Apr 6 John Webster, colonial Governor of Connecticut (Fundamental Orders of Connecticut), dies at about 71
  • Apr 7 Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician (b. 1604)
  • May 27 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
  • Jun 8 John Elsevier, book publisher/publisher, dies at 39
  • Aug 6 Jacqueline-M-A the Sainte Madeleine Arnauld, French abbess, dies
  • Aug 7 Jin Shengtan, Chinese editor, writer and critic (b. 1608)
  • Aug 16 Thomas Fuller, English prime minister, dies at 53
  • Sep 12 Jacobus de la Torra, RC apostole vicar of Holland, dies at about 53
  • Oct 4 Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy (b. 1625)
  • Oct 6 Guru Har Rai, seventh Sikh Guru
  • Oct 26 Johann B Schup, [Schuppius], German poet/historian/vicar, dies
  • Oct 28 Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • Oct 30 Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter, dies at 74
  • Oct 31 Mehmed Koprulu, Albanian great vizier of Turkey, dies
  • Nov 29 Brian Walton, English clergyman and scholar (b. 1600)
  • Dec 29 Antoine Gérard de Saint-Amant, French poet (b. 1594)