1666 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 26 France declares war on England & Munster
  • Feb 16 Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty
  • Apr 18 Peace of Kleef: Netherlands & bishop Von Galen of Munster
  • Jun 4 Battle at Dunkirk: English vs Dutch fleet
  • Jun 11 -14] Vierdaagse Sea battle (Ruyter-Monk vs Prince Ruprecht)
  • Aug 4 Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique & St Christopher; thousands die
  • Aug 4 Sea battle between Netherlands & England
  • Aug 5 English fleet beats Dutch under Michiel de Ruyter
  • Aug 9 Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".
  • Sep 2 Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed
  • Sep 5 Great Fire of London ends, leaving 13,200 houses destroyed and 8 dead
  • Sep 6 After St Paul's Cathedral and much of the city had been burned down over four days, the Great Fire of London is finally extinguished.
  • Sep 16 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • Oct 25 Brandenburg/Brunswick/Denmark/Neth form anti-French Quadruple Alliance
  • Nov 14 Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs)
  • Dec 30 Abraham Crijnssen departs to Suriname

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 9 George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)
  • Feb 15 Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
  • Mar 15 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden) (d. 1738)
  • Apr 17 Francois Valentijn, Dutch vicar/writer
  • May 14 Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (d. 1732)
  • Jul 10 John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (d. 1711)
  • Aug 6 Maria Sofia of the Palatinate, queen of Portugal (d. 1699)
  • Aug 13 William Wotton, English scholar (d. 1727)
  • Aug 16 Henriette Amalia, monarch of Nassau-Dietz
  • Aug 27 Ivan V, co-tsar of Russia (1682-89)
  • Sep 15 Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle (d. 1726)
  • Sep 16 Antoine Parent, French mathematician (d. 1716)
  • Dec 26 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet(d. 1708)

Weddings in History

  • Sep 23 Princess Maria of Orange-Nassau marries Mauritius earl of Simmeren

Deaths in History

  • Jan 18 Adriaen A Bloemaert, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 56
  • Jan 20 Anna of Austria, queen of France/daughter of Philip III, dies at 64
  • Jan 22 Shah Jahan, 5th Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) who built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, dies at 74
  • May 22 Gaspar Schott, German scientist (b. 1608)
  • Jun 11 Cornelis Evertsen the Old, Swiss vice-admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • Jun 15 Pieter de Bitter, Dutch admiral (Colombo, Goa), dies
  • Jun 26 Richard Fanshawe, diplomat/translator/poet, dies
  • Jun 30 Alexander Brome, English poet
  • Jul 5 Albert VI of Bavaria (b. 1584)
  • Aug 4 Johan Evertsen, ltalian admiral of Zeeland, lynched in Brielle
  • Aug 6 Tsjerk H de Vries, fleet guardian, dies in Battle at 43
  • Aug 15 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary/astronomer, dies
  • Aug 24 Francisco M the Melo, Portuguese author (Obras Morales), dies at 57
  • Aug 26 Frans Hals, Dutch painter (b. circa 1580)
  • Aug 30 Benedictus Carpzovius, [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer, dies
  • Sep 1 French Neck, portrait painter (Women Portrait), dies at about 86
  • Oct 11 Henry de Fleury dee Coulan, mister of Buat/ritmeester, dies
  • Oct 29 Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian leader (b. 1600)
  • Oct 29 James Shirley, English dramatist (b. 1596)