1675 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • Jan 5 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg
  • Jan 8 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
  • Jan 31 Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
  • Feb 21 Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Gelderland
  • Mar 2 Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel
  • Mar 4 John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England
  • Jun 20 Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan & Wampanoag indians form anti-English front under Metacom

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Jun 25 Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden
  • Jun 28 Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburg army beats Sweden
  • Aug 6 Russian Tsar Alexis bans foreign hair styles to those below the nobility
  • Aug 10 King Charles II and John Flamsteed lay the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London
  • Aug 10 Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • Sep 6 Swedish admiral Stenbock sails out with fleet of 66 ships
  • Sep 9 New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
  • Oct 4 Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens patents the pocket watch
  • Oct 29 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ∫, for integral
  • Nov 2 A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip's War.
  • Nov 4 Storm hits Western Europe: flood in Amsterdam
  • Nov 11 German mathetician Gottfried Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function
  • Nov 14 Pope Clemens X declares Gorcumse martyrs divine
  • Nov 22 English king Charles II adjourns Parliament

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 16 Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (d. 1755)
  • Feb 21 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
  • Feb 28 Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
  • Mar 31 Benedict XIV, [Prospero L Lambertini], Italy, Pope (1740-58)
  • May 29 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)
  • Jun 1 Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
  • Jul 5 Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials
  • Jul 14 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
  • Sep 2 William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
  • Sep 3 Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (d. 1751)
  • Oct 11 Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
  • Oct 21 Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (d. 1710)
  • Oct 24 Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
  • Nov 11 Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, 9th sikh guru

Deaths in History

  • Feb 9 Gerrit Dou / Gerard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
  • Mar 18 Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
  • Apr 12 Richard Bennett, English Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1609)
  • May 18 Jacques Marquette jesuit/missionaries (Chicago), dies at 37
  • May 18 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer (b. 1623)
  • May 27 Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
  • Jun 12 Charles Emanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75), dies at 40
  • Jul 27 Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne Vicomte de Turenne, gen (France), dies
  • Jul 28 Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
  • Aug 12 Karl Rabenhaupt, German/Neth baron of Sucha/army leader, dies at 73
  • Aug 16 Bogdan Chmilnicki, cosack leader/murderer of 300,000 Jews, dies
  • Sep 3 Pieter Boel, Flemish painter/etcher, dies
  • Sep 8 Amalia, countess of Solms-Braunfels, dies at 73
  • Sep 18 Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
  • Sep 23 Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
  • Oct 26 William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
  • Oct 27 Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • Nov 5 Kurt S Adeler, Danish admiral/ship designer, dies at 52
  • Nov 11 Thomas Willis, English Physician (epidemiology, anatomy of the brain and nervous system), dies at 54
  • Nov 20 Francisco de Moura y Cortereal, Span land guardian of Neth (1664-68)
  • Nov 28 Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
  • Nov 28 Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier (c. 1608)
  • Nov 30 Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
  • Dec 5 John Lightfoot, English theologist (Horae Hebraicae), dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 15 Jan Vermeer, Dutch painter (Love Letter), dies at 43

Painter Jan Vermeer
Painter
Jan Vermeer
  • Dec 23 Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)