1683 in History

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Events in History

  • Mar 31 Emperor Leopold I/Poland signs covenant against Turkey
  • May 21 West Indian Company sells 1/3 of Suriname
  • Jun 6 The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Rye House plot against English king Charles II uncovered

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jun 23 William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Jul 16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • Jul 16 Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
  • Jul 24 1st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard Concord
  • Sep 3 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • Sep 6 Le Plecta appointed French minister of Finance
  • Sep 9 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • Sep 12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • Sep 15 Germantown, Pensylvania, founded by 13 immigrant families
  • Sep 17 Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 24 King Louis XIV expels all Jews from French possessions in America

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Oct 3 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • Oct 6 13 Mennonite families from Germany found Germantown, Philadelphia
  • Nov 1 The English crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • Nov 22 Purcell's "Welcome to All the Pleasures" premieres in London
  • Dec 25 English Whig leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 Gerard van Loon, Dutch historian
  • Feb 19 Philip V, France, King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46)
  • Feb 28 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (d. 1757)
  • Mar 1 Caroline of Ansbach, wife of George II of Great Britain (d. 1737)
  • Mar 13 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
  • Apr 3 Mark Catesby, English naturalist (d. 1749)
  • Jun 23 Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (d. 1745)
  • Jul 3 Edward Young, English poet (Revenge, Complaint)
  • Jul 25 Pieter Langendijk, painter/etcher/playwright (Wiskunstenaars)
  • Sep 7 Mary Anne of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal (d. 1754)
  • Oct 25 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (d. 1757)
  • Oct 30 George II [August], King of Great-Britain (1727-60)
  • Nov 10 George II [August], king of England (1727-60)
  • Nov 30 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (d. 1744)
  • Dec 19 Philip V, Versailles France, King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46)
  • Dec 27 Conyers Middleton, English minister (d. 1750)

Weddings in History

  • Jul 28 Anne Stuart marries prince Georges of Denmark
  • Nov 16 Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau-Dietz marries Henriette Amalia

Deaths in History

  • Jan 15 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (b. 1609)
  • Jan 21 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury, dies at 61
  • Feb 18 Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem, Dutch landscape painter/etcher, dies at 62
  • Mar 19 Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist (b. 1612)
  • Mar 29 Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan (b. 1667)
  • May 2 Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (b. 1613)
  • Jul 10 François-Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (b. 1610)
  • Jul 13 Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
  • Jul 21 Lord William Russell, English plotter against Charles II, beheaded

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 30 Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France, dies at 44

Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain
  • Aug 24 John Owen, English non-conformist theologian (b. 1616)
  • Sep 5 Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French Minister of Navy, dies at 64
  • Sep 9 Algernon Sidney, English Whig politician/plotter, beheaded
  • Sep 12 Afonso VI, mentally ill king of Portugal (1656-67), dies at 40
  • Dec 7 John Oldham, English poet, dies of smallpox at 30
  • Dec 15 Izaak Walton, English writer (b. 1593)
  • Dec 25 Kara Mustafa Pasha Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83) and Ottoman general, executed. (b. 1634)