1689 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
  • Jan 22 Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords
  • Jan 22 Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II)
  • Jan 26 Jean Racine's "Esther" premieres in Saint-Cyr
  • Jan 28 English parliament resolved that the throne is vacant
  • Feb 13 British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown
  • Feb 14 English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince William III on the throne
  • Feb 23 Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
  • Mar 9 Thomas Shadwell appointed second English Poet Laureate by William and Mary after John Dryden refuses to swear The Oath allegiance
  • Mar 12 Former English King James II lands in Ireland
  • Mar 14 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • Mar 16 The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.
  • Apr 11 William III & Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 French King Louis XIV declares war on Spain

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Apr 20 The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
  • Apr 21 William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England
  • May 9 English King William III declares war on France
  • May 11 Battle of Bantry Bay, French & English naval battle
  • May 12 England & Netherlands form League of Augsburg
  • May 24 English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants
  • May 27 Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as Grand Pensionary of Holland
  • Jul 1 Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
  • Jul 27 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • Aug 5 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France.
  • Aug 21 Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange
  • Aug 25 Battle at Charleroi: Spanish & English armies chase French
  • Aug 25 Montreal taken by Iroquois
  • Aug 27 The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire.
  • Sep 1 Russia began taxing men's beards
  • Sep 8 China & Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
  • Oct 6 Pietro Ottoboni replaces Pope Innocent XI as Alexander VIII
  • Dec 16 English Parliament passes Bill of Rights establishing limits on crown powers and requirement for regular elections
  • Dec 22 Heavy earthquake strikes Innsbruck

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 18 Charles de Montesquieu, France, philosopher/writer (Letters Persanes)
  • Jan 29 Hubert K Poot, Dutch poet
  • May 15 Mary Wortley Montagu, English essayist, feminist, eccentric (baptism 26 May)
  • May 24 Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (d. 1769)
  • Jun 26 Edward Holyoke, American academic (d. 1769)
  • Jul 9 Alexis Piron, French writer (d. 1773)
  • Aug 19 Samuel Richardson, English novelist (Pamela) (baptized)
  • Sep 1 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Bavarian master builder (Prague)
  • Oct 22 King John V of Portugal (d. 1750)
  • Dec 24 French van Mieris "the Young", Dutch painter/historian

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617)
  • Feb 21 Isaacus Vossius, Dutch [Isaac Vos], librarian, dies
  • Mar 18 John Dixwell, English judge (b. 1607)
  • Apr 16 Aphra Behn, English dramatist (b. 1640)
  • Apr 18 George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem/infamous judge, dies
  • Apr 19 Christina, Queen of Sweden (1644-54), dies
  • Jul 8 Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
  • Jul 27 John Graham, of Claverhouse, 1st viscount Dundee/soldier, fatally wounded at the Battle of Killiecrankie at 41
  • Aug 12 Innocent XI, [Benedetto Odescalchi], Pope (1676-89), dies at 78
  • Aug 21 William Cleland, Scottish poet and soldier
  • Nov 13 Philipp von Zesen, German poet (Bescheibung of Amsterdam), dies at 70
  • Nov 26 Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (b. February 1, 1635)
  • Dec 29 Olfert Dapper, Amsterdam historian/geographer, buried
  • Dec 29 Thomas Sydenham, English physician (b. 1624)