1700 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 Protestant Western Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar
  • Jan 1 Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
  • Jan 26 The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
  • Feb 12 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • Feb 19 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark
  • Feb 27 Pacific Island of New Britain discovered
  • Feb 28 Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Jun 17 Massachusetts orders priest to leave the colony
  • Jun 30 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
  • Jul 12 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
  • Jul 13 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war
  • Aug 8 Denmark & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • Aug 18 Swedish, English & Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • Oct 2 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
  • Oct 14 Rabbi Judah Hasid & Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • Nov 16 Monarch of Brandenburg becomes king of Prussia
  • Nov 19 Battle at Narva: Swedish King Karel XII defeats Russians
  • Nov 23 Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
  • Nov 30 King Charles XII of Sweden defeats Russia at Narva [NS]
  • Nov 30 Utrecht/Overijssel/Buren/Leerdam/IJsselstein go on Gregoria calendar
  • Dec 12 Utrecht/Overijssel/Buren/Leerdam/Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
  • Dec 31 Frisia/Groningen adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 1/12/1701

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 29 Daniel Bernoulli, Basel Switz, mathematician (10 time French award)
  • Feb 7 Philippe Buache, French geographer/cartographer (Contourlijnen)
  • Feb 23 Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
  • May 7 Gerard van Swieten, Dutch botanist
  • May 12 Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect
  • May 19 José de Escandón, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)
  • May 26 Nikolaus L earl von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, German evangelist
  • Jun 4 Theodoor Verhaegen, Flemish sculptor
  • Aug 13 Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (d. 1763)
  • Sep 9 Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • Sep 11 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule Britannia), born in Ednam, Scotland (d. 1748)
  • Sep 30 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • Oct 10 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor (d. 1759)
  • Oct 20 Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans, Duchess of Modena (d. 1761)
  • Nov 19 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (d. 1770)
  • Nov 28 Nathaniel Bliss, Astronomer Royal (d. 1764)
  • Nov 28 Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1770)
  • Dec 22 Egbert de Vrij Temminck, Amsterdam regent
  • Dec 25 Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian general (d. 1758)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Raffaello Fabretti, Italian antiquarian (b. 1618)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 12 Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame in Quebec, dies at 79

First Canadian Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys
First Canadian Saint
Marguerite Bourgeoys
  • Feb 12 Aleksei Shein, Russian general and statesman (b. 1662)
  • May 1 John Dryden, English poet and playwright, first Poet Laureate (1668-1688), dies at 68
  • Jul 2 Lambert Doomer, painter/cartoonist, dies at about 77
  • Sep 15 André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (b. 1613)
  • Sep 27 Innocent XII, [Antonio Pignatelli], Pope (1691-1700), dies at 85
  • Nov 1 Carlos II, King of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), dies at 39
  • Nov 25 Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician (b. 1643)
  • Nov 30 Artus II Quellinus [Quellien/"the Young], Flemish sculptor, dies at 75
  • Dec 1 Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53