1704 in History

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Events in History

  • Feb 28 Frenchman Elias Neau opens a school for blacks in NYC
  • Feb 28 Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 40, kidnap 100
  • Feb 29 French & Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 50, abduct 100
  • Apr 17 1st successful US newspaper; published in Boston by John Campbell
  • Apr 24 "Boston News-Letter" 1st successful newspaper in US, forms
  • May 1 Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper advertisement
  • May 20 Elias Neau forms school for slaves in NY
  • Jul 12 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
  • Jul 24 English & Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • Aug 2 Duke of Marlborough beats French & Bavarians at Blenheim
  • Aug 3 English/Dutch fleet under Rooke/Callenburgh occupy Gibraltar
  • Aug 4 War of Spanish Succession, English & Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • Aug 13 Battle of Blenheim (aka Second Battle of Höchstädt): a combined British, German & Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beat French & Bavarian forces.
  • Aug 24 Battle of Málaga: largest naval battle in the War of the Spanish Succession; Tactically indecisive but a Grand Alliance strategic victory

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • Feb 12 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
  • Feb 28 Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)
  • Apr 10 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • Jun 4 Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (d. 1776)
  • Jun 22 John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • Jun 24 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French writer (d. 1771)
  • Jul 15 August Gottlieb Spangenberg, founder of Moravian Church in North America
  • Jul 17 John Kay, English inventor (developed the flying shuttle), born in Lancashire, England (d. around 1779)
  • Jul 31 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 5 William Allen, Mayor of Philadelphia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • Oct 9 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
  • Oct 17 Willem Bentinck, orangist
  • Oct 29 John Byng, British admiral (d. 1757)
  • Nov 1 Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (d. 1779)
  • Nov 17 Salomeja Neris, [S Bacinskaite-Buciene], Latvian poet
  • Nov 28 Jacob Mossel, governor-general (Dutch East Indies)
  • Dec 8 Anton de Haen, medical expert (Ratio Medendi)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Willem B Schepers, Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83
  • Feb 2 Guillaume F A de l'Hospital, French mathematician, dies at about 62
  • Mar 17 Menno baron van Coehoorn, fort builder/Coevorden/howitzer, dies at 63
  • Apr 8 Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)
  • Apr 8 Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman (b. 1641)
  • Apr 10 William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
  • Apr 12 John Hudde, 21x mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12 Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, French bishop and writer, dies at 77

Bishop and Writer Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
Bishop and Writer
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
  • May 13 Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher (b. 1632)
  • Jun 18 Tom Brown, English satirist (b. 1662)
  • Jun 30 John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
  • Jul 3 Sophia Alekseyevna, regent of Russia (b. 1657)
  • Jul 17 Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, French fur trader and explorer
  • Jul 20 Peregrine White, first English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1620)
  • Aug 14 Roland Laporte, French Protestant leader (b. 1675)
  • Oct 1 Cornelis Dusart, painter/engraver, dies at 44
  • Oct 3 Jean-Baptiste Denys, French physician who performed the 1st human blood transfusion, a xenotransfusion, dies at about 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 28 John Locke, English empiricist philosopher; influential Enlightenment thinker and "Father of Liberalism" (Two Treatises of Government), dies at 72

Philosopher John Locke
Philosopher
John Locke
  • Nov 4 Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)
  • Nov 20 Charles Plumier, French botanist (b. 1646)