1708 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 8 Spanish armada headed by the San Jose and loaded with gold sunk after British squadron attacks off coast of Colombia (rediscovered 2015)
  • Feb 24 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Groningen
  • Feb 28 Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island NY, 11 die
  • Mar 11 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
  • Mar 23 Pretender to the English throne James III lands at Firth of Forth
  • Mar 27 Pretender to the English throne James III flees to Dunkirk
  • Jul 4 Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
  • Jul 11 Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • Jul 28 Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • Aug 3 Battle at Trencsén: Austria beats Hungarian rebellion army
  • Aug 23 Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • Aug 29 British troops occupy Menorca & Sardinia
  • Aug 29 Haverhill, Massachusetts destroyed by French & Indians
  • Sep 11 Great Northern war: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war
  • Oct 9 Great Northern War: Battle at Lesnaya (N.S): Russian army captures Swedish convoy
  • Oct 21 Dutch & English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel)
  • Oct 22 Great Alliance occupies Rijsel
  • Dec 1 Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • Dec 14 Prosper Jolyot's "Electre" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 29 Great Alliance occupies Gent
  • Dec 31 Great Alliance captures Bridge

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 25 Pompeo Girolamo Batoni, Italian painter
  • Jan 30 Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist
  • Apr 23 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)
  • Aug 10 John Stinstra, baptist vicar
  • Oct 16 Albrecht von Haller, Swiss experimental physiologist, biologist and author (Acadamy of Science), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1777)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 15 William Pitt the Elder, British Prime Minister (Whig, 1756-61, 66-68) known as the `Great Commoner', born in London, England (d. 1778)

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • Dec 8 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 30 Simon de Vries, book seller/writer (Unequal), dies
  • May 6 François de Laval, first Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, dies at 85
  • May 11 Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect (b. 1646)
  • May 12 Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1658)
  • Jun 15 Romeyn de Hooghe, painter/goldsmith, buried at 62
  • Jul 1 Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
  • Jul 2 Willem of Nassau, mister of Zuylenstein/lt-gen/baron Enfield, dies
  • Aug 1 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57
  • Sep 6 Sir John Morden, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1623)
  • Sep 7 Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia
  • Oct 7 Guru Gobind Singh, tenth Sikh Guru (b. 1666)
  • Oct 10 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • Oct 11 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
  • Oct 13 Henry van Nassau, mister of Ouwerkerk/fieldmarshal, dies at 67
  • Oct 18 Henry Van Nassau, stable master/fieldmarshal, dies at 67
  • Oct 22 Herman Witsius, [Wits], reformed theologist, dies at 72
  • Oct 24 Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
  • Oct 28 Prince George of Denmark, Consort of Queen Anne of England (b. 1653)
  • Nov 3 Henriette Catharina van Nassau, daughter of Frederick Henry, dies at 71
  • Nov 7 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist, dies at 76
  • Dec 22 Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (b. 1681)
  • Dec 28 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist (b. 1656)