1708 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 8 Spanish armada headed by the San Jose and loaded with gold sunk after British squadron attacks off coast of Colombia (rediscovered 2015)
  • Feb 24 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Groningen
  • Feb 28 Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island NY, 11 die
  • Mar 11 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
  • Mar 23 Pretender to the English throne James III lands at Firth of Forth
  • Mar 27 Pretender to the English throne James III flees to Dunkirk
  • Jul 4 Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
  • Jul 11 Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • Jul 28 Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • Aug 3 Battle at Trencsén: Austria beats Hungarian rebellion army
  • Aug 23 Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • Aug 29 British troops occupy Menorca & Sardinia
  • Aug 29 Haverhill, Mass, destroyed by French & Indians
  • Sep 11 Great Northern war: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war
  • Oct 9 Great Northern War: Battle at Lesnaya (N.S): Russian army captures Swedish convoy
  • Oct 21 Dutch & English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel)
  • Oct 22 Great Alliance occupies Rijsel
  • Dec 1 Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • Dec 14 Prosper Jolyot's "Electre" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 29 Great Alliance occupies Gent
  • Dec 31 Great Alliance captures Bridge

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 25 Pompeo Girolamo Batoni, Italian painter
  • Jan 30 Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist
  • Apr 23 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)
  • Aug 10 John Stinstra, baptist vicar
  • Oct 16 Albrecht von Haller, Switz, experimental physiology (Acad of Science)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 15 William Pitt the Elder, British Prime Minister (Whig, 1756-61, 66-68) known as the `Great Commoner', born in London, England (d. 1778)

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • Dec 8 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 30 Simon de Vries, book seller/writer (Unequal), dies
  • May 6 François de Laval, first Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, dies at 85
  • May 11 Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect (b. 1646)
  • May 12 Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1658)
  • Jun 15 Romeyn de Hooghe, painter/goldsmith, buried at 62
  • Jul 1 Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
  • Jul 2 Willem of Nassau, mister of Zuylenstein/lt-gen/baron Enfield, dies
  • Aug 1 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57
  • Sep 6 Sir John Morden, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1623)
  • Sep 7 Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia
  • Oct 7 Guru Gobind Singh, tenth Sikh Guru (b. 1666)
  • Oct 10 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • Oct 11 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
  • Oct 13 Henry van Nassau, mister of Ouwerkerk/fieldmarshal, dies at 67
  • Oct 18 Henry Van Nassau, stable master/fieldmarshal, dies at 67
  • Oct 22 Herman Witsius, [Wits], reformed theologist, dies at 72
  • Oct 24 Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
  • Oct 28 Prince George of Denmark, Consort of Queen Anne of England (b. 1653)
  • Nov 3 Henriette Catharina van Nassau, daughter of Frederick Henry, dies at 71
  • Nov 7 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist, dies at 76
  • Dec 22 Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (b. 1681)
  • Dec 28 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist (b. 1656)