1718 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 9 France declares war on Spain
  • Jan 17 Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53
  • May 7 The city of New Orleans was founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville .
  • May 15 James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents world's 1st machine gun
  • Jun 26 Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • Jul 21 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
  • Aug 2 Austrian joins Triple Alliance
  • Aug 11 Battle of Cape Passaro: British fleet destroys Spanish off Sicily
  • Aug 21 Emperor Karel VI, Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • Aug 25 Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Voltaire's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 Laurence Eusden is appointed British Poet Laureate under George I

King George I
King
George I
  • Dec 17 France, Britain and Austria declare war on Spain (War of the Quadruple Alliance 1718–1720)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)
  • Jan 29 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1794)
  • Feb 17 Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)
  • Mar 12 Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
  • Mar 31 Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (d. 1781)
  • Apr 4 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (d. 1783)
  • Apr 7 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
  • Apr 20 David Brainerd, American missionary (d. 1747)
  • Apr 24 Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born painter (d. 1784)
  • Apr 26 Esek Hopkins, US, 1st commander-in-chief (US Navy)
  • Apr 27 Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (d. 1790)
  • May 16 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician (d. 1799)
  • May 17 Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, English diplomat and politician (d. 1778)
  • May 23 William Hunter, obstetrician/medal writer
  • May 30 Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, British politician (d. 1793)
  • Jun 5 Thomas Chippendale, England, furniture maker (baptized)
  • Jun 17 George Howard, British field marshal (d. 1796)
  • Jul 5 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (d. 1794)
  • Jul 18 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)
  • Jul 31 John Canton, English physicist (d. 1772)
  • Aug 11 Sir Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (d. 1791)
  • Sep 8 Francois-Thomas the Baculard d'Arnaud, sentimental writer
  • Sep 29 Nikita I Panin, Russian earl/diplomat (plot against Peter III)
  • Oct 19 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (d. 1804)
  • Oct 28 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary (d. 1793)
  • Nov 3 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, British statesman who claimed to have invented the sandwich, born in Chiswick, England (d. 1792)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Richard Hoare, English goldsmith and banker (b. 1648)
  • Jan 6 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (b. 1664)
  • Jan 17 Captain Benjamin Church, Plymouth Colony settler and military leader
  • Feb 1 Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (b. 1660)
  • Feb 18 Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (b. 1663)
  • Feb 23 Francois Fagel, Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63
  • May 7 Mary of Modena, wife of James II of England (b. 1658)
  • May 30 Arnold Joost van Keppel, earl of Albemarle/general, dies at about 48
  • May 30 Bernard Nieuwentyt, physician/theologist, dies at 63
  • Jul 28 Etienne Baluze, French scholar (b. 1630)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 30 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (No cross, no crown), dies at 73

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Aug 4 René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France (b. 1656)
  • Aug 6 Jacob F Muller, [Sjako/Jaco], Germ/Neth crowd leader, beheaded at 28

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 22 Blackbeard, notorious English pirate, dies in battle at 38

Pirate Blackbeard
Pirate
Blackbeard
  • Nov 30 Charles XII, king of Sweden (1697-1718), dies during a siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway at 36
  • Dec 6 Nicholas Rowe, English poet and dramatist (Tamerlane) Poet Laureate (1715-18), dies at 45
  • Dec 9 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopaedist (b. 1650)
  • Dec 11 Charles XII, King of Sweden (1697-1718), shot dead invading Norway at Fortress of Fredriksten