1720 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 6 The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings
  • Feb 1 Sweden and Prussia sign peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Edmond Halley appointed as the second Astronomer Royal at the Greenwich Observatory

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • Feb 11 Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
  • Feb 29 Queen Ulrica Eleonora of Sweden resigns
  • May 25 The Ship "Le Grand St Antoine" reaches Marseille, bringing Europe's last major plague outbreak. Kills around 100,000.
  • Jun 9 Sweden & Denmark signs 3rd Treaty of Stockholm
  • Jun 10 Mrs Clements of England markets first paste-style mustard
  • Jul 3 Sweden & Denmark sign peace treaty
  • Jul 27 The second important victory of the Russian Navy - the Battle of Grengam.
  • Sep 12 Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
  • Oct 10 French government proclaims strike on banknotes
  • Oct 17 Pierre de Marivaux' "Arlequin Poli Par l'Amour" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 9 Rabbi Yehuda Hasid synagogue set afire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 Anne Bonny, Mary Read, and John Rackham are captured by Capt. Jonathan Barnet and brought to Spanish Town, Jamaica, for trial

Pirate Anne Bonny
Pirate
Anne Bonny
  • Nov 28 Anne Bonny and Mary Read are tried, found guilty of pirating, and sentenced to death in Spanish Town, Jamaica, although their discovered pregnancies won them stays of execution

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 11 Gijsbert John van Hardenbroeck, Utrechts regent
  • Jan 13 Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
  • Jan 30 Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)
  • Feb 8 Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1750)
  • Feb 26 Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1803)
  • Mar 9 Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (d. 1790)
  • Mar 13 Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
  • Mar 22 Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (d. 1799)
  • Apr 3 Elia van Vilnius, [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman], Latvian rabbi
  • Apr 23 Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi (d. 1797)
  • May 11 Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German adventurer (d. 1797)
  • May 15 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)
  • Jul 18 Gilbert White, English "father of British naturalists"
  • Jul 24 Louise Ulrike, queen of Sweden and wife of Adolf Frederik, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1782)
  • Aug 8 Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (d. 1796)
  • Aug 17 Charles D J Eisen, French engraver/painter (Contes de La Fontaine)
  • Aug 18 Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers, English murderer (d. 1760)
  • Aug 30 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and Member of Parliament, born in Cardington, Bedfordshire (d. 1796)
  • Sep 12 Frederick Philipse III, American land owner (Bronx, Westchester & Putnam), born in NYC, New York (d. 1785)
  • Oct 3 Johann P Uz, German poet (Lyrische Poem)
  • Oct 4 Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian etcher
  • Oct 8 Jonathan Mayhew, American Congregational minister, born in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts (d. 1766)
  • Oct 19 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (d. 1772)
  • Nov 1 Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)
  • Dec 13 Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatist (d. 1804)
  • Dec 14 Justus Möser, German statesman (d. 1794)
  • Dec 31 [Bonnie Prince] Charles Edward Stuart, English pretender to throne (Jacobite rebellion), born in Rome (d. 1788)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 31 Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
  • Feb 27 Samuel Parris, English-born Puritan minister (b. 1653)
  • Mar 6 Pieter van Flowers, Flemish painter, buried at 63
  • Apr 2 Joseph Dudley, colonial Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1647)
  • Apr 21 Antoine Hamilton, French writer (b. 1646)
  • Jun 27 Guillaume Amfrye de Chaulieu, French poet (b. 1639)
  • Aug 3 Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (b. 1641)
  • Aug 9 Simon Ockley, English orientalist (b. 1678)
  • Aug 17 Anne Lefèvre, French scholar (b. 1654)
  • Sep 3 Henri de Massue, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1648)
  • Oct 10 Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
  • Nov 17 Calico Jack, English pirate (b. 1682)