1721 in History

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Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Tsar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • Mar 9 English Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
  • Mar 27 France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later.

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • May 8 Michelangiolo dei Conti replaces Pope Clement XI, as Innocent XIII
  • May 25 John Copson becomes America's 1st insurance agent
  • May 29 South Carolina formally incorporated as a royal colony
  • Jun 13 England signs Treaty of Madrid
  • Jun 26 Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
  • Aug 30 Russian/Swedish Peace of Nystad, ends North Sea War
  • Oct 22 Tsar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator"
  • Nov 1 Prince Eugenius of Savoye unveals statue of himself

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 12 Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, Prussian general (d. 1792)
  • Jan 21 James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)
  • Feb 3 Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)
  • Feb 24 John McKinly, Ulster Ireland, American physician
  • Mar 19 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • Apr 11 David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary (d. 1808)
  • Apr 14 William August duke of Cumberland, English army leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 19 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence, Constitution), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1793)

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • Jul 9 Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (d. 1781)
  • Jul 14 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • Aug 4 Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician (d. 1803)
  • Aug 21 Lucretia W van Winter-van Merken, Dutch poet
  • Aug 31 George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (d. 1775)
  • Sep 14 Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (d. 1807)
  • Oct 19 Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist (d. 1800)
  • Nov 9 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (d. 1770)
  • Nov 22 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-born Canadian statesman (d. 1824)
  • Nov 25 Willem Crul, admiral (West-Indies)
  • Dec 6 James Elphinston, British philologist (d. 1809)
  • Dec 6 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (d. 1794)
  • Dec 25 William Collins, Chichester England, (Mayor-Chichester)/poet
  • Dec 27 Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher
  • Dec 29 Madame De Pompadour, mistress of French King Louis the 15th

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Rochus Aerts, Flemish sculptor, dies [or 1739]
  • Feb 5 James Stanhope 1st earl of Stanhope, English general, dies at 47
  • Feb 16 James Craggs the Younger, English politician (b. 1686)
  • Feb 24 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (b. 1648)
  • Mar 16 James Craggs the Elder, English politician (b. 1657)
  • Mar 19 Clement XI, [Giovanni F Albani], Italian Pope (1700-21), dies at 71
  • Apr 14 Michel Chamillart, French statesman (b. 1652)
  • Jul 8 Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
  • Jul 18 Jean Antoine Watteau, French painter, dies
  • Jul 25 Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral of Zealand, dies at 66
  • Aug 3 Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-born woodcarver (b. 1648)
  • Aug 13 Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (b. 1665)
  • Sep 7 Bernhard Albinus, [Weiss], German artist (Frederik of Prussia), dies
  • Sep 8 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1686)
  • Sep 11 Rudolph J Camerarius, German physician (sexuality plans), dies
  • Sep 18 Matthew Prior, poet/diplomat, dies
  • Oct 2 Benott Audran, artist/engraver, dies
  • Oct 4 Abraham Alewijn, poet/playwright (Beslikte Swaantje), dies at 36
  • Oct 11 Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1636)
  • Dec 13 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway (b. 1676)
  • Dec 17 Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, English statesman (b. 1640)
  • Dec 22 Nathaniel Hawes, tortured & executed in England for robbery