1730 in History

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Events in History

  • Feb 28 Tsarina Anna Ivanovna leads autocracy
  • Mar 16 Willem Charles Henry Friso installed as viceroy of Drenthe
  • Apr 8 1st Jewish congregation in US forms synagogue, "Shearith Israel, NYC"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Robert Walpole becomes effectively Britain's 1st prime minister (was: chief min)

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • Jul 12 Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
  • Jul 21 States of Holland put death penalty on "sodomy"
  • Aug 4 Crown prince Frederick of Prussia escapes to England
  • Sep 17 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • Sep 30 Duke Victor Amadeus XI of Savoye resigns
  • Oct 12 Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark
  • Dec 3 Colley Cibber is appointed British Poet Laureate under George II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 11 Voltaire's "Brutus" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician
  • Jan 14 William Whipple, merchant/judge (Declaration of Independence signer)
  • Jan 23 Joseph Hewes, US merchant (Declaration of Independence signer)
  • Feb 21 Charles L Fournier, Flemish writer/painter
  • Mar 7 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
  • Mar 11 Otto Friedrich Müller, Copenhagen, Danish Naturalist who was a pioneer in the study of microorganisms including bacteria, diatoms, and infusoria
  • Mar 27 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar (d. 1786)
  • Mar 31 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)
  • May 10 George Ross, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • May 13 Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd Marquis of Rockingham, British PM (1765-66, 1782) and Whig
  • Jun 21 Norinaga Moto'ori, Japanese scientist
  • Jun 26 Charles Joseph Messier, astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects")
  • Jul 12 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery designer and manufacturer (Wedgwood), born in Burslem
  • Aug 27 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1788)
  • Sep 17 Friedrich WLGA von Steuben, Prus/US inspector-gen of Washington's army
  • Oct 1 Richard Stockton, US attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Nov 10 Oliver Goldsmith, Ireland, novelist/dramatist (She Stoops to Conquer) (d. 1774)
  • Nov 16 Gualtherius "Wouter" van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician
  • Dec 8 John Ingen Housz, Dutch/English personal physician of Maria Theresia
  • Dec 8 Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-born British physiologist and botanist (d. 1799)
  • Dec 25 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 1 US Founding Father Benjamin Franklin establishes a common-law marriage with Deborah Read

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Daniel Finch, 2nd earl of Nottingham, dies at 82
  • Jan 1 Samuel Sewall, English judge (b. 1652)
  • Jan 30 Peter II Alekseyevitch, tsar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
  • Feb 21 Benedict XIII, [Pietro F Orsini], Pope (1724-30), dies at 81
  • Apr 21 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79
  • May 30 Arabella Churchill, mistress of James II of England, sister of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (b. 1648)
  • Jun 6 Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (b. 1646)
  • Jul 16 Elijiah Fenton, poet, dies
  • Jul 18 François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)
  • Sep 27 Laurence Eusden, English poet, Poet Laureate (1718-30), dies at 42
  • Oct 12 Frederik IV, king of Denmark/Norway (1699-1730), dies
  • Oct 15 Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
  • Nov 6 Hans Hermann von Katte, Prussian lieutenant, beheaded
  • Nov 21 François de Troy, French portrait artist