1731 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 10 Charles Farnese becomes Duke of Parma/Piacenza
  • Mar 16 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.
  • Mar 24 Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act is passed.
  • Apr 9 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain
  • May 28 All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24 Freemason and Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen is appointed Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania, the first and youngest Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • Jul 22 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • Sep 3 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st library in the north American colonies

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Nov 30 Beijing hit by an earthquake; about 100,000 die
  • Dec 22 Dutch people revolt against meat tax

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • Mar 11 Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Apr 8 William Williams, US merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 13 Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia (d. 1802)

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Jul 3 Samuel Huntington, (Gov-Ct), Continental Congress pres
  • Sep 2 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • Sep 9 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican writer (d. 1787)
  • Oct 10 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist/chemist (discovered hydrogen)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 9 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland (d. 1806

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Nov 15 William Cowper, English lawyer/poet (John Gilpin) [OS]
  • Nov 26 William Cowper, England, pre-romantic poet (His Task) [NS]
  • Dec 6 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • Dec 7 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter
  • Dec 12 Erasmus Darwin, Newark-on-Trent, U.K., influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (and grandfather of Charles Darwin)
  • Dec 26 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (b. 1672)
  • Jan 21 Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)
  • Jan 27 Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian instrument maker - considered the inventor of the piano, dies at 75
  • Feb 22 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist, dies at 92
  • Mar 8 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1688)
  • Mar 15 Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 24 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Novelist
Daniel Defoe
  • Sep 20 Sicco van Goslinga, Fries diplomat/sect of High Council, dies at 67
  • Dec 26 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (b. 1672)
  • Dec 29 J Brook Taylor, English mathematician, dies at 46