1740 in History

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Events in History

  • Feb 3 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • Jun 22 King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture & guarantees religion & freedom of the press
  • Jul 11 Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Tsarina Anne
  • Jul 17 Prospero Lambertini chosen Pope Benedictus XIV
  • Aug 13 Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • Oct 8 Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia
  • Oct 9 Dutch governor general Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8,000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • Oct 17 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia
  • Oct 20 Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
  • Oct 28 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia [OS=Oct 17]
  • Dec 16 Prussian Libya falls to Silezie

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 7 Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/MP
  • Feb 16 Giambattista Bodoni, Saluzzo Italy, printer/typeface designer (Bodoni)
  • Feb 17 Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist
  • Mar 6 Giovanni Meli, Siclian poet (Buccolica)
  • Apr 2 Armand-Gaston Camus, French CEO (Council of 500)
  • Apr 18 Francis Baring, banker/merchant
  • May 2 Elias Boudinot, lawyer/patriot, found American Biblical Society
  • May 7 Nikolai Arkharov, Russian general (d. 1814)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 2 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine). The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name., born in Paris, France

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Jun 18 Karel van Poucke, Flemish sculptor
  • Jun 21 Hendrik van Wijn, Dutch archivist (Algemeen Rijksarchief)
  • Jul 27 Jeanne BarĂ©, French explorer (d. 1803)
  • Aug 14 Pius VII, [Luigi B Chiaramonti], bishop of Imola/Pope (1800-23)
  • Aug 15 Matthias Claudius, German poet (d. 1815)
  • Aug 23 Ivan VI, Emperor of Russia 1740-41)
  • Aug 26 Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, France, aeronaut (ballooning)
  • Sep 7 Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor (d. 1814)
  • Sep 12 Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (d. 1817)
  • Sep 23 Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1813)
  • Oct 14 Joannes Siberg, Dutch governor-general of Neth Indies (1801-05)
  • Oct 20 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Three Women), born at Castle Zuylen near Utrecht (d. 1805)
  • Oct 29 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson and diarist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1795)
  • Oct 31 William Paca, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Nov 4 Augustus Montague Toplady, English author of hymn "Rock of Ages" (d. 1778)
  • Nov 14 Johann van Beethoven, Ludwig van Beethoven's father and first teacher (d. 1792)
  • Nov 24 John Bacon, English sculptor
  • Dec 30 Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales (d. 1759)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 27 Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (b. 1692)
  • Feb 8 Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], blind Pope (1730-40), dies at 87
  • Feb 29 Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (b. 1667)
  • Apr 23 Thomas Tickell, poet, dies
  • Apr 25 Shrimant Baji Rao Vishwanath Bhat, also known as Baji Rao I, a general and Peshwa (b. 1699)
  • May 15 Ephraim Chambers, English encyclopaedist (b. 1680)
  • May 31 Frederick-William I, King of Prussia (1713-1740), dies at 51
  • Jun 1 Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (b. 1657)
  • Jun 6 Alexander Spotswood, British governor of Virginia Colony
  • Jun 17 Sir William Wyndham, English politician (b. 1687)
  • Jul 19 Francois van Aerssen, Dutch vice-admiral (Suriname), dies at 71
  • Oct 5 Johann Philipp Baratier, German scholar (b. 1721)
  • Oct 20 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1685)
  • Oct 28 Anna Ivanova Romanova, empress of Russia (1730-40), dies at 47
  • Dec 20 Richard Boyle, 2nd Viscount Shannon, English military officer and statesman (b. 1675)
  • Dec 26 Mauritius Louis II earl of Nassau, lt-gen (12 children), dies