1743 in History

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Events in History

  • Feb 3 Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • Feb 8 Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14 Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
  • Mar 5 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
  • Mar 14 1st American town meeting (Boston's Faneuil Hall)

BattleBattle of Interest

Jun 27 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch would command troops in the field.

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • Jul 18 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • Aug 10 Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • Aug 14 Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • Aug 17 Treaty of Åbo signed in Turku by Sweden and Russian Empire, ending the Russo-Swedish War (1741-1743)
  • Sep 13 Great Britain, Austria and Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • Nov 5 Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 21 John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 13 Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist who accompanied James Cook on board the Endeavour, born in London (d. 1820)

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 13 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Apr 24 Edmund Cartwright, England, cleric, inventor (power loom)
  • Apr 30 Robert Jasper van de Capellen, master of Marsch/politician
  • May 17 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader (d. 1784)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 24 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), born in Boudry, Prussia (d. 1793)

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • Jun 8 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • Jun 20 Anna L Barbauld, writer of hymns
  • Jul 3 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1813)
  • Jul 14 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • Jul 31 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • Aug 19 Marie Jeanne Becu Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV (d. 1793)
  • Aug 26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)
  • Sep 17 Jean-Marie Caritat, French mathematician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 17 Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method), born in Ribemont, France (d. 1794)

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • Sep 22 Quintin Craufurd, British author (d. 1819)
  • Nov 11 Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (d. 1828)
  • Dec 1 Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
  • Dec 23 Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian poet (d. 1803)
  • Dec 29 Alexander van Bylandt, Dutch military officer

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, dies at 85
  • Jan 29 Andre Hercule Fleury, French cardinal (1726-43), dies
  • Feb 18 Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
  • Apr 4 Daniel Neal, English historian (b. 1678)
  • Apr 16 Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, Dutch lawyer (Roman law), dies at 69
  • Apr 29 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • Apr 30 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian playwright/poet, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 2 Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Whig: 1742-43) statesman who served in government from 1715 until his death, dies at about 70

British Prime Minister Spencer Compton
British Prime Minister
Spencer Compton
  • Aug 1 Richard Savage, English poet and playwright, dies at about 46
  • Aug 5 John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)
  • Sep 14 Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • Sep 21 Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
  • Oct 4 John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll/fieldmarshal, dies at 64
  • Dec 27 Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (b. 1659)