1744 in History

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Events in History

  • Feb 8 French/Spanish fleet leaves Toulon
  • Feb 9 Battle at Toulon (French/Spanish vs English fleet of Adm Matthews)
  • Feb 22 Battle of Toulon or Battle of Cape Sicié: British vs. French & Spanish fleet
  • Mar 15 French King Louis XV declares war on Britain
  • May 17 French army takes Austrian Netherlands
  • May 31 French troops conquer Kortrijk
  • Jun 6 France & Prussia sign peace treaty
  • Sep 30 France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo.
  • Nov 24 John Carteret resigns as British Secretary of State for the Northern Department
  • Nov 25 Austrian forces pillage & kill Jews of Prague
  • Dec 31 English astronomer James Bradley announces discovery of Earth's nutation motion (wobble)

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 5 John Jeffries, colonial physician and meteorologist
  • Feb 6 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. 1795)
  • Feb 21 Eise J Eisinga, Frisia, built planetarium Franeker
  • Feb 23 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)
  • Mar 13 David Allan, Scottish painter
  • Apr 18 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist/patriot
  • Apr 22 James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
  • May 19 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1818)
  • May 31 Richard Edgeworth, writer, Bath
  • Jun 4 Patrick Ferguson, Scots army officer and rifle designer (d. 1780)
  • Jul 17 Elbridge Gerry, (DR) 5th VP (Mass-Gov), invented gerrymandering
  • Jul 19 Heinrich Christian Boie, German author (d. 1806)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 1 Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck, French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), born in Paris, France

French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
French Naturalist
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  • Aug 10 Alexandrine-Jeanne d'Étiolles (nicknamed "Fanfan"), daughter of the courtesan Madame de Pompadour (d. 1754)
  • Aug 12 Rowland Hill, preacher
  • Aug 25 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher/theologist/poet
  • Sep 20 Giacomo Quarenghi, Italian-Russian master builder and architect (Hermitage Theater), born in Rota d'Imagna, Republic of Venice (d. 1817)
  • Sep 20 Thomas Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War hero (d. 1825)
  • Sep 25 Frederick Willem II, king of Prussia (1786-97)
  • Oct 6 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1813)
  • Oct 7 Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (d. 1819)
  • Oct 27 Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 22 Abigail Adams, 2nd US First Lady (1797-1801) (11/11 O.S.), born in Weymouth Massachusetts (d. 1818)

2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • Dec 19 Jacobus J Cramer, priest of Holland/Zealand/West-Friesland

Deaths in History

  • Jan 23 Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
  • Jan 26 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)
  • Feb 15 John Hadley, inventor (sextant), dies
  • Feb 29 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French philosopher (b. 1683)
  • Mar 3 Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist
  • Mar 4 John Anstis, Garter King of Arms (b. 1669)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 25 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), dies at 42

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 30 Alexander Pope, English poet (The Rape of the Lock), dies at 56

  • Jul 14 Immanuel J Pyra, German poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
  • Aug 9 James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English patron of the arts (b. 1673)
  • Aug 13 John Cruger, Dutch-born Mayor of New York (b. 1678)
  • Oct 18 Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend of Queen Anne of Great Britain (b. 1660)
  • Dec 8 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle duchess de Châteauroux, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1717)