1745 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 6 Bonnie Prince Charlies army draws to Glasgow
  • Jan 8 Britain, Austria, Netherlands & Saxony sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
  • Feb 15 Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny" premieres in London
  • Feb 18 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Inverness, Scotland
  • Feb 20 Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland
  • Mar 9 Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston
  • Mar 31 Jews are expelled from Prague
  • Apr 2 Austria & Bavaria sign peace
  • May 11 Battle of Fontenoy (Doornik): Austrian Succession war

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 4 Battle at Hohenfriedberg Silezie: Frederick the Great (Prussia) defeats Austrians and Saxons

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • Jun 16 British fleet occupies Cap Breton on St Lawrence River
  • Jun 17 American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton Island from French
  • Jun 22 Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • Jul 1 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [OS]
  • Jul 9 Bonnie Prince Charlie's "Elisabeth" battles with HMS Lion
  • Jul 12 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [NS]
  • Jul 23 Charles Edward Stuart, "the Young Pretender", lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides
  • Jul 25 Jacoibite Rising Bonnie Prince Charlie lands on Eriskay, Hebrides
  • Aug 5 Jacobite Rising 1745: Jacobite forces capture British company of troops under Captain Scott
  • Aug 19 Jacobite Rising 1745 : Bonnie Prince Charlie, raises his standard at Glenfinnan, Scotland, igniting the second Jacobite rebellion.
  • Aug 26 Britan, Prussia & Hannover sign treaty
  • Aug 31 Jacobite Rising 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland
  • Sep 17 Edinburgh occupied by Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart (aka the Young Pretender or Bonny Prince Charlie)
  • Sep 21 Battle of Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats British government army
  • Sep 22 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army returns to Edinburgh
  • Oct 14 French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • Nov 11 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army enters England
  • Nov 18 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Carlisle
  • Nov 28 -29] French troops attack indians of Saratoga, NY
  • Nov 29 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army moves into Manchester & occupies Carlisle
  • Dec 4 Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby
  • Dec 6 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army retreats to Scotland
  • Dec 10 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army reaches Manchester
  • Dec 15 Battle at Kesseldorf: Prussia beats Saksen & Austria
  • Dec 17 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army retreats to Scotland
  • Dec 20 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army reaches the river Esk
  • Dec 25 Prussia and Austria sign Treaty of Dresden giving much of Silesia to the Prussians
  • Dec 31 Bonnie Prince Charlies army meets with de Esk

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 "Mad" Anthony Wayne, general
  • Jan 6 Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Annonay, Ardèche, French inventors and 1st pioneer balloonist (Montgolfière-style hot air balloon)
  • Jan 7 Johann Christian Fabricius, Tønder, Danish Entomologist (named nearly 10,000 species)
  • Jan 9 Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)
  • Jan 23 William Jessop, English canal engineer (d. 1814)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 18 Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, born in Como, Italy (d. 1827)

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
  • Feb 20 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), born in London (d. 1813)
  • Mar 10 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)
  • Apr 20 Philippe Pinel, physician, founder of psychiatry
  • Apr 29 Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800)
  • Jun 8 Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (d. 1818)
  • Jul 13 Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)
  • Jul 17 Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (d. 1826)
  • Jul 28 Piotr A von der Pahlen, milt governor (St Petersburg)
  • Sep 16 Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (d. 1813)
  • Sep 23 John Sevier, Tennessee, indian fighter (Gov/Rep-Tn)
  • Nov 24 Maria Louisa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1792)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 12 John Jay, American statesman, 1st US Chief Justice, born in New York City

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • Dec 24 Benjamin Rush, Byberry Pa, physician/general/signer (Declaration of Independence)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 21 Future Russian Tsar Peter III marries Ekaterina Alexeievna later Catherine II (Catherine the Great)

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Willem I Kerricx, the Young, Flemish architect/painter, dies at 62
  • Jan 20 Charles VII Albert, German emperor (1742-45), dies at 47

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 18 Robert Walpole, 1st British Prime Minister (Whig: 1721-42), dies at 68

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • May 22 François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (b. 1671)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 19 Jonathan Swift, English writer (Gulliver's Travels), dies at 77

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • Nov 16 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (b. 1665)
  • Dec 8 Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (b. 1683)