1755 in History

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Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Moscow University is established by Elizabeth of Russia and founded by Mikhail Lomonosov on Tatiana Day

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • Feb 13 Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java
  • Mar 12 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
  • Mar 17 Transylvania Land Company buys Kentucky for $50,000 from a Cherokee chief
  • Apr 2 Commodore William James captures the pirate fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India.
  • Apr 15 Samuel Johnson's "A Dictionary of the English Language" published in London
  • Apr 26 1st Russian university opens in Moscow
  • Jun 16 British capture Fort Beauséjour, expel Acadians
  • Jun 29 515 prominant filipinos baptized as Catholic
  • Jun 30 Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • Jul 9 Battle at Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British
  • Jul 9 British General Edward Braddock mortally wounded during French & Indian War
  • Jul 15 French ambassador recalled from London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 John Adams graduates Harvard

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • Sep 8 Battle of Lake George in the Province of New York: British army beats French
  • Sep 18 Fort Ticonderoga in New York opens
  • Sep 19 Great Britain & Russia sign military agreement
  • Nov 1 Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000
  • Nov 14 Henry Fox appointed British 'Secretary of State for the Southern Department'
  • Nov 18 Worst quake in Massachusetts Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths reported

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 20 English minister William Pitt the Elder resigns

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • Nov 25 King Ferdinand IV of Spain granted the Beaterio dela Compania de Jesus or now known as the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary(RVM) a royal protection.
  • Dec 2 The second Eddystone Lighthouse on Eddystone Rocks off English southern coast is destroyed by fire

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Stephen Groombridge, Goudhurst Kent, English Astronomer (Catalogue of Circumpolar Stars)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11 Alexander Hamilton, US Founding Father and 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), born in Charlestown, Nevis, West Indies (d. 1804)

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
  • Feb 19 Pieter G van Overstraten, governor-general of Neth-Indies
  • Mar 12 Georges Couthon, French politician
  • Mar 24 Rufus King, framer of US constitution
  • Apr 1 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • Apr 10 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician/originator of homeopathy
  • Apr 11 James Parkinson, English physician geologist, paleontologist, and political activist (d. 1824)
  • Apr 16 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter (d. 1842)
  • Apr 27 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (d. 1836)
  • May 21 Alfred Moore, American judge (d. 1810)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 6 Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War patriot, "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country.", born in Coventry, Connecticut, North American Colonies (d. 1776)

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale
  • Jun 15 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (d. 1809)
  • Jun 25 Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia (d. 1776)
  • Jun 30 Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (d. 1829)
  • Jul 6 John Flaxman, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey tomb stones)
  • Jul 22 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • Aug 4 Nicolas-Jacque Conte, inventor (modern pencil)
  • Sep 4 Count Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman. (d. 1810)
  • Sep 9 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (d. 1808)
  • Sep 13 Oliver Evans, pioneered high-pressure steam engine

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 24 John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1801-35), born in Germantown, Virginia (d. 1835)

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Oct 31 Jean Louis van Aelbroeck, Flemish agronomist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 2 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1793)

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • Nov 12 Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst, Prussia milt/minister of War (1807-10)
  • Nov 15 Jan Blanken, Dutch hydraulic engineer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 17 Louis XVIII, 1st post-revolutionary King of France (1814-24), born in Versailles, France (d. 1824)

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • Dec 3 Gilbert Stuart, US, portrait painter (painted Washington)
  • Dec 27 Antons Klemens Theodor, king of Saksen (1827-36)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 10 Montesquieu, French writer (b. 1689)
  • Feb 11 Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)
  • Mar 2 Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (b. 1675)
  • Apr 6 Richard Rawlinson, English minister and antiquarian (b. 1690)
  • Jul 9 Edward Braddock, British General, mortally wounded at Fort Duquesne during French & Indian War. Dies 13th July.
  • Jul 13 Edward Braddock, British general, dies in battle at Pittsburgh
  • Aug 22 Caspar Burman, historian/mayor (Utrecht), dies
  • Sep 8 Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (b. 1715)
  • Sep 9 Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian (b. 1694)
  • Oct 4 Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer, dies
  • Oct 16 Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint (b. 1725)
  • Oct 22 Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (b. 1694)
  • Nov 11 Johan van de Bergh, Leids regent, dies at 91