1757 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 2 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • Jan 5 Failed assassination attempt on French King Louis XV by Damiens
  • Jan 17 German Diet declares war on Prussia
  • Mar 14 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty "Pour encourager les autres".
  • Mar 17 Prince Mas Saïd of Mataram surrenders to Mangkubumi in Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6 British King George II dismisses minister (Secretary of State for the Southern Department) William Pitt the Elder

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • May 1 Austria & France divide Prussia
  • May 6 Battle of Prague: Frederick II of Prussia's forces defeat Austrian army
  • Jun 18 Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • Jun 23 Robert Clive defeats army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • Jul 26 Battle at Hastenbeck: French army beats Duke of Cumberland
  • Aug 9 English Fort William Henry, NY, surrenders to French & Indians troops
  • Aug 19 Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [NS=Aug 30]
  • Aug 30 Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [OS=Aug 19]
  • Oct 16 Austrian troops occupy Berlin
  • Nov 5 Battle at Rossbach (7 year war/French & Indian War)
  • Nov 28 Britain condemns Convention of Kloster-Zeven
  • Dec 5 Battle of Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 11 Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer (d. 1831)
  • Jan 16 Samuel McIntire, woodcarver/architect (architect of Salem)
  • Jan 19 Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
  • Feb 6 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar and statesman. (d. 1841)
  • Feb 13 John C Hespe, Dutch journalist/politician
  • Feb 20 John 'Mad Jack' Fuller, English philanthropist (d. 1834)
  • Mar 16 Bengt Lidner, Swedish poet (Medea, Yttersa Domen)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 30 Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1801-04), born in London (d. 1844)

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
  • Jun 5 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (d. 1808)
  • Jun 8 Cardinal Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 1824)
  • Jun 18 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine leader (d. 1833)
  • Jun 22 George Vancouver, surveyed Pacific coast from San Francisco to Vancouver Island
  • Jul 20 Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (d. 1811)
  • Jul 24 Vladimir Borovikovsky [Vоlоdymyr Borovyk], Russian painter, born in Myrhorod (now Ukraine) (d. 1825)
  • Aug 9 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. 1834)
  • Aug 12 ALF, alien life form (ALF)
  • Sep 3 Charles X, Versailles France, Duke of Prussia
  • Sep 6 Marquis de Lafayette, American patriot, French revolutionary
  • Sep 22 Herman H Vitringa, politician (National Meetings)
  • Oct 9 Charles X, reactionary king of France (1824-30); deposed
  • Oct 10 Erik Acharius, Swedish botanist (lichens)
  • Oct 21 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (d. 1816)
  • Oct 26 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)
  • Nov 1 Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, born in Possagno, Republic of Venice (d. 1822)
  • Nov 12 Jacobus Bellamy, [Zelandus], Zealand poet
  • Nov 15 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon (d. 1830)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 28 William Blake, poet/painter (Songs of Innocence & Experience), born in London, England (d. 1827)

Poet/Artist William Blake
Poet/Artist
William Blake
  • Dec 25 Benjamin Pierce, U.S. politician (d 1839)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 4 American revolution patriot Paul Revere (22) weds Sarah Orne in Bridgewater, Massachusetts

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

Deaths in History

  • Jan 9 Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
  • Jan 9 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician (b. 1688)
  • Jan 19 Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • Mar 1 Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)
  • Mar 8 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
  • Mar 14 John Byng, English Admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca
  • May 6 Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
  • May 6 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (b. 1683)
  • May 6 Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (b. 1684)
  • Jun 27 Willem Gideon Deutz, Amsterdam regent/banker/merchant, dies at 59
  • Aug 28 David Hartley, English philosopher (b. 1705)
  • Oct 17 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
  • Oct 30 Osman III, sultan of Turkey (1754-57), dies