1761 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 7 Battle at Panipat India: Afghan army beats Mahratten
  • Jan 14 Third Battle of Panipat between the Marathas and Afghans is fought in India
  • Jan 16 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.
  • May 22 1st life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia
  • Jun 8 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast
  • Jun 10 Puritan version of "Othello" opens in Newport Rhode Island
  • Sep 22 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.
  • Dec 16 Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg).

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 James Hall, Scottish geologist, born in Dunglass, Scotland (d. 1832)
  • Jan 23 Friedrich von Matthison, German poet (Adelaide)
  • Jan 29 Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American politician, Secretary of the Treasury (1801-14), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1849)
  • Feb 1 Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
  • Feb 16 Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
  • Mar 6 Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French General and diplomat (d. 1828)
  • Mar 23 John W de Winter, Dutch vice-admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • May 3 August von Kotzebue, German dramatist (d. 1819)
  • May 13 Adrian Loosjes Pzn, publisher/writer (Mauritius Lijnslager)
  • May 16 John Opie, English painter, born in Trevellas, Cornwall (d. 1807)
  • Jun 3 Henry Shrapnel, English Army officer and inventor (created the shrapnel shell), born in Wiltshire, England (d. 1842)
  • Jun 7 John Rennie, Scottish engineer (d. 1821)
  • Jul 25 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer
  • Sep 28 Budan de Boislaurent, mathematician
  • Oct 3 Dirk earl van Hogendorp, general/Dutch minister of War [OS]
  • Oct 13 Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch earl/general/minister of War [NS]
  • Oct 21 Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer/brigadier general
  • Oct 27 Matthew Baillie, Shotts Manse Lanarkshire, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793)
  • Oct 31 Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, Dutch patriot/earl/Grand Pensionary
  • Nov 20 Pius VIII, [Francesco S Castiglioni], Italian 253rd Pope (1829-30)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 1 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, born in Strasbourg (d. 1850)

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • Dec 11 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (d. 1835)
  • Dec 24 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (d. 1831)
  • Dec 27 Michael A Barclay de Tolly, Scot/Russ minister of War

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

May 5 Jurist William Blackstone (37) weds Sarah Clitherow

  • Sep 8 Marriage of George III of the United Kingdom to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Queen Charlotte).

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Stephen Hales, English vicar/inventor (ventilator), dies at 83
  • Jan 10 Edward Boscawen, British admiral (b. 1711)
  • Feb 1 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (b. 1682)
  • Apr 4 Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (b. 1722)
  • Apr 9 William Law, British minister and theologian (b. 1686)
  • Apr 15 Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)
  • Apr 15 William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (b. 1696)
  • Apr 17 Thomas Bayes, English mathematician
  • May 14 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), dies at 50
  • May 15 Jacob Mossel, governor-general (Dutch East Indies), dies at 56
  • Jun 2 Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1685)
  • Jul 4 Samuel Richardson, English writer (b. 1689)
  • Jul 13 Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
  • Aug 3 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (b. 1691)
  • Sep 8 Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer (b. 1698)
  • Sep 19 Peter Musschenbroek, physician/physicist (Leidse Bottle), dies at 69
  • Nov 30 John Dollond, British optician (b. 1706)
  • Dec 23 Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy