1762 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 4 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples
  • Jan 15 Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC
  • Feb 12 British fleet occupies Martinique

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • Mar 17 1st St Patrick's Day parade in NYC
  • Apr 5 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • May 5 Russia & Prussia sign Treaty of Saint Petersburg ending the Seven Years War
  • May 22 Sweden & Prussia sign peace treaty
  • Jun 15 Austria uses 1st paper currency
  • Jun 28 1st reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28 Russian Tsarina Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself sovereign ruler of Russia

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • Jul 17 Catherine II becomes tsarina of Russia following the murder of Peter III
  • Aug 14 English fleet occupies Havana
  • Aug 22 1st female (Ann Franklin) US newspaper editor, Newport, Rhode Island, Mercury
  • Sep 15 Battle of Signal Hill, the last battle of the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War.
  • Oct 6 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • Nov 3 Britain & Spain sign Treaty of Paris
  • Nov 3 Spain acquires Louisiana
  • Dec 9 British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1842)
  • Jan 23 Christian A Vulpius, German writer (Rinaldo Rinaldini)
  • Mar 7 Sebastiaan C Nederburgh, director-general (East Indies Company)
  • Apr 10 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)
  • Apr 14 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist
  • Apr 29 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)
  • May 19 Johann G Fichte German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre)
  • Jun 1 Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (d. 1844)
  • Jul 14 Joseph Lakanal, Serres Ariège, French Politician and Educator
  • Aug 12 King George IV of the United Kingdom (1820-30)
  • Sep 6 Theodorus F van Capellen, Dutch vice-admiral (Algiers), born in Nijmegen, Dutch Republic (d. 1824)
  • Sep 16 Charles G G, earl of Merode/mayor of Brussels/French senator
  • Sep 24 William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets)
  • Oct 12 Jan Willem Janssens, Dutch Governor-General of Cape colony and Dutch-Indies, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1838)
  • Oct 16 Paul Hamilton, Governor of South Carolina (1804-06) and U.S. Secretary of Navy (1809-12) (d. 1816)
  • Oct 21 Herman W Daendels, Dutch Brigadier-General and Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1807-11), born in Hattem, Gelderland, Dutch Republic (d. 1818)
  • Oct 23 Samuel Morey, American inventor (d. 1843)
  • Oct 27 Gijsbert K van Hogendorp, Dutch count/minister of Foreign affairs
  • Oct 30 André Chénier, French writer (d. 1794)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 1 Spencer Perceval, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1809-12), born in London (d. 1812)

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • Nov 16 Petronella Moens, Frisian author/poetess
  • Nov 20 Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (d. 1833)
  • Nov 29 Pierre André Latreille, French zoologist (d. 1833)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 21 British Explorer Captain James Cook marries Elizabeth Batts

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Jun 29 Russian Tsar Peter III divorces his wife Catherine II

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 5 Elizabeth of Russia [Elizaveta Petrovna], tsarina of Russia (1741-62), dies at 52

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • Jan 11 Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
  • Feb 20 Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (b. 1723)
  • Mar 4 Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (b. 1702)
  • Mar 21 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
  • May 26 Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)
  • Jun 17 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (b. 1674)
  • Jul 10 Johann F Gronovius, physician/botany, dies at 76
  • Jul 13 James Bradley, 3rd English Astronomer Royal, dies at 69
  • Jul 14 Cornelis Hop, Amsterdams regent/diplomat, dies at 77
  • Jul 17 Peter III, Emperor of Russia (1762), dies at 34
  • Jul 28 George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (b. 1691)
  • Aug 13 John Alberti, theologist/philological, dies at 64
  • Aug 21 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (b. 1689)