1765 in History

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Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11 Frisia bans Voltaire's "Traité sur la tolérance"

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • Jan 16 Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)
  • Mar 9 After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 22 Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on American colonists, organized by Prime Minister George Grenville

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • Mar 24 Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
  • May 3 1st North American medical college opens in Philadelphia
  • May 7 HMS Victory (Admiral Nelson's flagship at Trafalgar, 40 years later) launched
  • May 18 Fire destroys a large part of Montreal, Quebec.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Patrick Henry's historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of "Treason!" with, "If this be treason, make the most of it!"

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Aug 14 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • Sep 21 Antoine de Beauterne announces he had killed the Beast of Gévaudan, but was later proved wrong by more attacks.
  • Oct 7 Stamp Act Congress convenes in New York
  • Oct 19 Stamp Act Congress meets in New York, writes the Declaration of Rights and Grievances
  • Nov 1 Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
  • Nov 23 People of Frederick County, Maryland refuse to pay British Stamp tax

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 6 Jan Kops, Dutch agronomist/vicar
  • Mar 7 Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)
  • Mar 18 David H Chasse, Dutch baron/general (fought Napoleon at Waterloo)
  • Mar 21 Henry Fagel, Dutch/English baron/diplomat
  • Mar 27 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist
  • Apr 1 Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)
  • Apr 28 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1834)
  • Jun 1 Christiane Vulpius, wife of Johann W von Goethe
  • Jun 6 Cornelis Loots, Dutch accountant/poet (Dwingelandij)
  • Jun 15 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (d. 1831)
  • Aug 21 William IV of the United Kingdom (1830-37)
  • Sep 18 Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo Alberto Mauro Cappellari], Pope (1831-1846), born in Belluno, Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1846)
  • Sep 22 Paolo Ruffini, Italian mathematician (d. 1822)
  • Sep 30 José María Morelos, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1815)
  • Oct 8 Harman Blennerhassett, Irish lawyer, born in Hampshire, England (d. 1831)
  • Nov 4 Pierre Girard, French mathematician (d. 1836)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 14 Robert Fulton, American inventor and engineer (first commercial steamboat), born in Little Britain, Pennsylvania (d. 1815)

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Nov 17 Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, French marshal (d. 1840)
  • Nov 20 Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval captain (d. 1819)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 8 Eli Whitney, American inventor (Cotton Gin), born in Westborough, Massachusetts (d. 1825)

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Dec 10 [Izaak J] Alexander Gogel, Dutch minister of Finance/patriot
  • Dec 22 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician (d. 1825)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 3 William Stukeley, English archaeologist (b. 1687)
  • Apr 5 Edward Young, English poet (Love of Fame), dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 9 Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel, princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 77

Princess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
Princess of Orange
Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
  • Apr 15 Michail v Lomonosov, Russian scholar/poet, dies at 53
  • Apr 20 Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1674)
  • May 17 Alexis Claude Clairault, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • Jul 15 Charles-André van Loo, French painter (b. 1705)
  • Aug 18 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1745-65) dies at 56
  • Aug 19 Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, Swedish Chemist who discovered nickel and tungsten, dies at 42
  • Sep 2 Henry Bouquet, Swiss-born British army officer (b. 1719)
  • Sep 10 Jacob Gilles, pension advisor, dies at about 74
  • Oct 10 Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, dies at 77
  • Oct 20 William August duke of Cumberland, Engl supreme commander, dies at 44
  • Oct 21 Giovanni Paolo Pannini/Panini, Italian painter/architect, dies at 73
  • Oct 31 Duke of Cumberland, English politician/uncle of George III, dies
  • Nov 30 George Glas, British merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)
  • Dec 16 Peter Frederick Haldimand, Swiss military officer and surveyor
  • Dec 25 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (b. 1698)