1768 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 9 Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11 Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • Feb 15 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
  • Feb 20 1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn)
  • Apr 5 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 9 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • May 9 John Hancock pays duties on 25 pipes of wine, only one fourth of his ship's carrying capacity, and British officials accuse him of unloading the rest during the night to avoid paying the duties on the entire cargo
  • May 10 John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for The North Briton severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.
  • Jun 10 British customs officials seize John Hancock's ship, "The Liberty", on the suspicion that Hancock had illegally unloaded cargo without paying duties a month earlier
  • Jun 21 1st US bachelor of medicine degree (Dr John Archer)
  • Jul 7 Firm of Johann Buddenbrook founded, in Thomas Mann's novel
  • Jul 18 Boston Gazette publishes "Liberty Song", America's 1st patriotic song
  • Aug 19 Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 25 Captain James Cook departs from Plymouth, England, on his first voyage on board the Endeavour, bound for the Pacific Ocean

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • Oct 1 British troops under General Gauge land in Boston
  • Oct 30 First Methodist church in North American colonies initiated (Wesley Chapel, NYC)
  • Dec 1 The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway.
  • Dec 6 1st edition of "Encyclopedia Brittanica" published in Scotland

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples (d. 1844)
  • Jan 10 James Varicick, 1st AME Zion Bishop
  • Jan 28 Frederick VI, Danish king (1808-39); lost Norway to Sweden (1814)
  • Feb 4 Maurits C van Hall, Dutch ruler of Heicop & Boeicop, lawyer/politician
  • Feb 12 Francis II, Florence Italy, last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806)
  • Feb 13 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)
  • Feb 15 Jozef B Cannaert, [Olim], Flemish lawyer
  • Mar 13 Charles Louis WJ van Keverberg, Dutch civil servant
  • Mar 21 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier, mathematician/Egyptologist
  • Apr 19 Adrian H Haworth, English entomologist/botanist
  • May 2 Jean-Louis M Alibert, French dermatologist
  • May 3 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (d. 1838)
  • May 17 Caroline, Brunswick, Queen Consort of King George IV
  • May 17 Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general (d. 1854)
  • May 20 Dolley Dandridge Payne Madison, 1st lady (1809-17)
  • Jun 9 Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)
  • Jun 30 Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, 1st lady (1817-25)
  • Jul 27 Charlotte Corday d'Armont, murdered Jean-Paul Marat in bath
  • Aug 17 Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, French general (d. 1800)
  • Aug 27 Anne-Francois Mellinet, French/Belgian general (Maastricht)
  • Sep 4 Francois René de Chateaubriand, France, poet/novelist (Atala)
  • Sep 23 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
  • Oct 2 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (d. 1854)
  • Oct 11 Adriaan van den Ende, Dutch vicar/educationalist
  • Oct 13 Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (d. 1839)
  • Oct 26 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
  • Nov 8 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, (d. 1840)
  • Nov 21 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher
  • Nov 30 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
  • Dec 22 John Crome, [Old Crome], English landscape painter/etcher

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Charles Cressent, French court furniture maker, dies at 82
  • Feb 1 Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (b. 1685)
  • Feb 2 Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)
  • Feb 8 George Dance the Elder, English architect (b. 1695)
  • Feb 17 Arthur Onslow, English politician (b. 1691)
  • Mar 1 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)
  • Mar 18 Lawrence Sterne, writer (Sentimental Journey France & Italy), dies
  • Mar 21 Jan J Mauricius, Dutch governor-gen of Suriname (1742-51), dies at 75
  • Apr 19 Filippo della Valle, Italian sculptor, dies at about 70
  • Apr 20 Giovanni AC Canaletto, Italian painter/cartoonist (Rialto), dies at 70
  • Apr 29 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (b. 1694)
  • May 16 Cornelis Writer, fleet supervisor, dies at about 81
  • May 27 Johann M Fleischmann, German/Dutch stamp/letter designer, dies
  • Jun 8 Johann J Winckelmann, German archaeologist, dies at 50
  • Jun 15 James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (b. 1710)
  • Jun 19 Benjamin Tasker, Governor of Maryland (b. 1690)
  • Jul 4 Willem van Hairs, Fries nobleman/poet (Suicide), dies at 58
  • Jul 24 Nathanial Lardner, English theologian (b. 1684)
  • Aug 17 Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, Russian poet (b. 1703)
  • Sep 2 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (b. 1703)
  • Oct 1 Robert Simson, Scotland mathematician, dies at 80
  • Nov 4 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer, dies at 57

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 17 Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1757-62), dies at 75

British Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister
Thomas Pelham-Holles
  • Dec 8 Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1702)
  • Dec 20 Carlo Innocenzio Maria Frugoni, Italian poet (b. 1692)