1769 in History

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Events in History

  • Apr 22 Madame du Barry becomes King Louis XV's "official" mistress
  • Jun 4 A transit of Venus is followed five hours later by a total solar eclipse, the shortest such interval in history.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Daniel Boone begins exploring Bluegrass State of Kentucky

Frontiersman Daniel Boone
Frontiersman
Daniel Boone
  • Jul 14 The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego, 1st mission in California

Missionary Junípero Serra
Missionary
Junípero Serra
  • Aug 18 A lightning strike on the Bastion of San Nazaro in Brescia, Italy, ignites 90 tonnes of gunpowder, killing 3,000 people
  • Sep 18 John Harris of Boston, Massachusetts, builds 1st spinet piano

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand (Poverty Bay)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • Dec 12 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
  • Dec 13 Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter
  • Dec 25 First Christian service in New Zealand; Mass is celebrated in Doubtless Bay by Father Paul-Antoine Léonard de Villefeix of the de Surville expedition

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist (Political Economics)
  • Jan 10 Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo)
  • Feb 4 Samuel I Wiselius, Dutch lawyer/businessman/writer
  • Feb 9 Susette Gontard, the beloved of the poet Friedrich Hölderlin (d. 1802)
  • Feb 13 Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (d. 1844)
  • Mar 2 DeWitt Clinton, (Gov/Sen-NY)
  • Mar 10 Joseph Williamson, English philanthropist and tunnel builder (d. 1840)
  • Mar 23 William Smith, geologist (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils)
  • Mar 23 Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)
  • Mar 29 Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal (d. 1851)
  • Apr 3 Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat (d. 1835)
  • Apr 13 Thomas Lawrence, English painter (d. 1830)
  • Apr 25 Mark Isambard Brunel, engineer/inventor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 1 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory: 1828-30), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1852)

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • May 6 Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1824)
  • May 10 Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello, Marshal of France
  • May 20 Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician (d. 1835)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 15 Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, France (d. 1821)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 23 Georges Cuvier [Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier], French naturalist and zoologist, born in Montbéliard, France (d. 1832)

Naturalist and Zoologist Georges Cuvier
Naturalist and Zoologist
Georges Cuvier
  • Sep 9 Cornelis F van Maanen, Dutch minister of Justice (1807..42)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 14 Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (Kosmos), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1859)

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • Sep 19 Joseph Comb, missionary to Molukkas

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 6 Isaac Brock, British Army officer (successfully defended Upper Canada in War of 1812), born in St Peter Port, Guernsey (d. 1812)

British Army Officer and Administrator Isaac Brock
British Army Officer and Administrator
Isaac Brock
  • Oct 7 Solomon Sibley, American politician (d. 1846)
  • Oct 13 Horace H Hayden, cofounded 1st dental college

Deaths in History

  • Jan 18 Hakuin Ekaku, Zen teacher (reformer of Rinzai school), dies in Japan
  • Jan 24 François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)
  • Feb 2 Clement XIII, [Carlo Rezzonico], Pope (1758-69), dies at 75
  • Apr 3 Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist/poet (in blood), dies at 71
  • Apr 20 Pontiac, indian chief to Ottawa, murdered
  • Jun 1 Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard University (b. 1689)
  • Aug 2 Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (b. 1689)
  • Aug 29 Edmond Hoyle, games expert, dies (birth date unknown)
  • Nov 23 Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (b. 1711)
  • Dec 13 C F Gellert, writer, dies at 54
  • Dec 30 Nicholas Taaffe, 6th Viscount Taaffe, Austrian soldier (b. 1685)