1778 in History

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Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18 Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • Jan 20 1st American military court martial trial begins in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Feb 5 Articles of Confederation ratified by 2nd state, South Carolina
  • Feb 6 Britain declares war on France
  • Feb 6 France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris, 1st US treaty
  • Feb 14 "Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • Feb 23 Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • Feb 28 Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • Mar 7 Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
  • Mar 15 Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island discovered by Captain James Cook
  • Mar 22 Captain James Cook sights Cape Flattery, now in Washington state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • Apr 1 New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates the "$" symbol
  • May 1 American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
  • Jun 18 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • Jun 19 Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
  • Jun 24 David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • Jun 27 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure
  • Jun 28 Battle of Monmouth, NJ (Gen Washington beats Clinton)
  • Jun 28 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • Jul 3 British forces massacre 360 men, women & children in Wyoming, Pa
  • Jul 3 Prussia declares war on Austria
  • Jul 8 George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • Aug 3 Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • Aug 9 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits
  • Aug 26 The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.
  • Aug 31 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • Sep 4 City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels
  • Sep 17 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • Sep 19 The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • Oct 3 Captain James Cook anchors at Alaska
  • Nov 11 Iroquois Indians in NY kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
  • Nov 26 British explorer Captain James Cook discovers Maui in the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii)
  • Dec 29 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • Jan 24 Charles F, duke of Berry/son of French King Charles X
  • Jan 26 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Ultime lettere di Jacopo Ortis)
  • Jan 31 Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat, Austrian premiere of Bohemia (1848)
  • Feb 4 A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)
  • Feb 6 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis)
  • Feb 22 Rembrandt Peale, portrait/historical painter (Court of Death)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 25 José de San Martín, Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule, born in Yapeyú, Argentina (d. 1850)

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Mar 3 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover (d. 1841)
  • Mar 19 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
  • Mar 31 Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)
  • Apr 10 William Hazlitt, Maidstone Kent England, essayist/critic
  • May 18 Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (d. 1854)
  • Jun 7 George Bryan "Beau" Brummel, English dandy, born in London, England
  • Jul 28 Charles Stewart, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1869)
  • Aug 12 Francis Horner, politician
  • Aug 20 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)
  • Sep 2 Leopold FJJJ van Sassen Ysselt, Dutch politician
  • Sep 2 Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (d. 1846)
  • Sep 4 Louis Napoleon, French King of Netherlands (1806-10)
  • Sep 8 Clemens Brentano, German poet (d. 1842)
  • Sep 19 Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1868)
  • Nov 1 Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1837)
  • Nov 25 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer (d. 1856)
  • Nov 27 John Murray, publisher
  • Dec 6 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist (d. 1850)
  • Dec 15 Godert AGP baron van der Capellen, Dutch gov-gen (Dutch-Indies)
  • Dec 17 Hunphry Davy, English chemist (discovered some elements)
  • Dec 19 Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
  • Dec 21 Anders Sandøe Ørsted, Danish politician (d. 1860)
  • Dec 26 Juan Lovera, Venezuela, artist
  • Dec 28 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 1 Poet Phillis Wheatley (24) weds grocer and advocate for black rights John Peters

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 8 Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (34) weds Marie Anne Rosalie Delaporte

French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
French Naturalist
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Charles D J Eisen, French engraver/painter, dies at 57

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 10 Carolus linaeus "Carl von Linne", Swedish botanist/explorer, dies at 70

Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • Feb 18 Joseph Marie Terray, French statesman (b. 1715)
  • Feb 20 Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (b. 1711)
  • Mar 7 Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1720)
  • Mar 13 Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
  • Apr 8 Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76
  • Apr 22 James Hargreaves, inventor (spinning jenny), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 11 William Pitt the Elder, British Prime Minister (Whig, 1756-61, 66-68) known as the `Great Commoner', dies at 69

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • May 16 Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, English diplomat (b. 1718)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 30 Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet], French writer, philosopher and playwright (Candide), dies at 83

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • Jun 12 Philip Livingston, American businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independance), dies at 62
  • Jun 24 Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (b. 1714)
  • Jul 2 Bathsheba Spooner, American murderer
  • Jul 3 Anna Maria Pertl Mozart, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (b. 1720)
  • Aug 4 Pierre de Rigaud, French colonial governor in North America (b. 1698)
  • Aug 5 Charles Clémencet, French historian (b. 1703)
  • Aug 11 Augustus Montague Toplady, hymn writer (Rock of Ages), dies
  • Aug 12 Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, British general and politician (b. 1714)
  • Aug 28 Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/shipminister, dies
  • Sep 23 Balthazar Huydecoper, translator/historian, dies at 83
  • Nov 9 Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian etcher, dies at 58
  • Nov 20 Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit scientist (b. 1726)