1780 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 3 Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian...," 1st sung
  • Jan 4 Snowstorm hit Washington's army at Morristown, NJ
  • Jan 15 American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • Jan 16 Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir George Rodney defeats Spanish squadron under Don Juan de Lángara
  • Mar 1 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
  • Mar 26 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • Apr 16 The University of Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 4 American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston, James Bowdoin, John and Samuel Adams founding members

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • May 4 Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby
  • May 12 British troops occupy Charleston, South Carolina (Revolutionary War)
  • May 19 About midday, near-total darkness descends on New England, now known to be caused by forest fires in Canada
  • May 29 Battle of Waxhaw Creek: alleged massacre of 113 of Colonel Abraham Buford's continentals by Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton's troops after the continentals raised a white flag
  • Jun 2 Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • Jun 7 Anti-Catholic riot in London, hundreds die
  • Jun 23 American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township
  • Jul 9 Denmark declares neutrality
  • Aug 1 Sweden declares neutrality
  • Aug 16 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, SC
  • Aug 22 Resolution, without Captain James Cook, returns to England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • Sep 23 British Major John Andre reveals Benedict Arnold's plot to betray West Point
  • Sep 25 Benedict Arnold joins the British
  • Oct 7 British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
  • Oct 10 Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. Atlantic's deadliest recorded hurricane.
  • Oct 16 Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the American Revolutionary War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 John Hancock becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • Oct 27 Samuel Williams and the first U.S. astronomical expedition to record an eclipse of the sun observes the event at Penobscot Bay
  • Nov 5 French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle.
  • Dec 20 Britain declares war on Holland

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 10 M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist
  • Jan 12 Wilhelm M L de Wette, German exegetist/theologist
  • Feb 2 Johannes van den Bosch, gov-gen (Neth East Indies)
  • Feb 15 Carel Asser, Dutch jurist
  • Feb 19 Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist (Nibelungenlied)
  • Feb 19 Richard McCarty, American politician (d. 1844)
  • Mar 1 Leonard PJ du Bus de Gisignies, gov-general of Neth Indies (1826-30)
  • Mar 17 Thomas Chalmers, 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47)
  • Mar 18 Milos Obrenovic, Leader of The Second Serbian Uprising and Prince of Serbia (d. 1860)
  • Mar 27 August L Crelle, German inventor/mathematician (1st Prussian Railway)
  • Apr 7 William Ellery Channing, American Unitarian clergyman
  • Apr 13 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (d. 1868)
  • Apr 29 Charles Nodier, French writer (d. 1844)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 21 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister who is depicted on the British £5 note, born in Norwich, England (d. 1845)

English Social Reformer Elizabeth Fry
English Social Reformer
Elizabeth Fry
  • Jun 3 William Hone, England, author/bookseller (Every-Day Book)
  • Jul 1 Karl von Clausewitz, Prussian strategist
  • Aug 21 Jernej Kopitar, Slovenian censor (Slovenian Grammar)
  • Aug 29 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French painter (Valpincon Bather), born in Montauban, France (d. 1867)
  • Sep 25 Jason Fairbanks, American murderer, born in Dedham, Massachusetts (d. 1801)
  • Sep 28 Elie Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration political figure
  • Oct 10 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, born in Aberdeen (d. 1844)
  • Oct 20 M Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma/Guastalla
  • Nov 22 Jose Cecilio del Valle, Honduran Politician (d. 1834)
  • Dec 14 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, Germ/Russian minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Dec 23 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher
  • Dec 26 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 14 US founding father Alexander Hamilton (25) weds Elizabeth Schuyler (23) at Schuyler Mansion in Albany, New York

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 14 William Blackstone, English lawyer, dies at 56

  • Feb 17 Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (b. 1706)
  • Feb 18 Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1714)
  • Mar 20 Sir Benjamin Truman - English brewer (b. 1699/1700)
  • Mar 26 Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1713)
  • May 18 Charles Hardy, British governor of Newfoundland
  • Jun 3 Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (b. 1711)
  • Jul 4 Charles Alexander, Duke of Lotharingen South Neth, dies at 67
  • Jul 14 Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
  • Aug 3 Etienne B de Condillac, French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
  • Aug 29 Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (b. 1713)
  • Sep 1 Reynier de Klerk, governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1777-1800), dies at 69
  • Sep 4 John Fielding, English magistrate and social reformer (b. 1721)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 6 William Allen, Mayor of Philadelphia, dies at 76

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • Sep 8 Enoch Poor, American Continental Army general (b. 1736)
  • Sep 23 John Andre, hanged as a British spy at 29
  • Oct 2 John Andre, British major, hanged by Americans (spied with B Arnold)
  • Oct 7 Patrick Ferguson, English major in SC, dies in battle at 36
  • Oct 17 William Cookworthy, English chemist (b. 1705)
  • Nov 14 Jacobus Houbraken, engraver/illustrator, dies at 81
  • Nov 17 Bernardo Bellotto, Italian painter (b. 1720)
  • Nov 26 James [Denham] Steuart, 4th Baronet, British economist (b. 1712)
  • Nov 29 Maria Theresia Hapsburg, Queen of Austria, dies at 63
  • Dec 26 John Fothergill, English physician (b. 1712)