1783 in History

  • S 1
  • M 2
  • T 3
  • W 4
  • T 5
  • F 6
  • S 7
  • S 8
  • M 9
  • T 10
  • W 11
  • T 12
  • F 13
  • S 14
  • S 15
  • M 16
  • T 17
  • W 18
  • T 19
  • F 20
  • S 21
  • S 22
  • M 23
  • T 24
  • W 25
  • T 26
  • F 27
  • S 28
  • S 29
  • M 30

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • Feb 3 Spain recognizes US independence
  • Feb 4 Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)
  • Feb 5 Earthquakes ravage Calabria, killing 30,000
  • Feb 5 Sweden recognizes US independence
  • Mar 5 King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • Mar 10 USS Alliance under Captain Barry fights and wins last naval battle of US Revolutionary War off Cape Canaveral

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'etat never takes place.

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Apr 2 William Cavendish-Bentinck becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after an opposition coalition of Henry Fox and Frederick North forces William Petty to resign

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
  • Apr 3 Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Catherine II of Russia annexes the Crimea

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • Apr 9 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • Apr 11 Hostilities formally cease in the American Revolutionary War
  • Apr 18 Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant is promoted by brevet to Major of Engineers in recognition of his service to American liberty

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • May 4 Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
  • May 18 First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States.
  • May 30 Benjamin Tower of Philadelphia publishes 1st daily newspaper in US
  • Jun 4 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make 1st public hot-air balloon flight (unmanned), covering 2km and lasting 10 minutes with an estimated altitude of 1,600-2,000m
  • Jun 8 Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption
  • Jul 15 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • Jul 24 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • Jul 29 Skaptar Volcano on Iceland erupts killing about 9,000
  • Aug 27 First hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches an altitude of 900m
  • Sep 3 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • Sep 26 Fayette County, Pennsylvania created
  • Oct 6 Benjamin Hanks patents self-winding clock
  • Oct 15 Jean Pilstre de Rozier makes 1st tethered balloon ascent
  • Nov 2 General George Washington, later 1st US President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War
  • Nov 3 Washington orders Continental Army disbanded
  • Nov 3 John Austin, a footpad turned murderer, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows.
  • Nov 21 Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make 1st manned free balloon flight in a Montgolfier balloon
  • Nov 23 Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • Nov 25 Britain evacuates New York city, its last military position in United States
  • Dec 1 Jacques Charles and Nicolas Roberts make first untethered ascension with gas hydrogen balloon in Paris
  • Dec 4 Gen Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, NYC
  • Dec 7 Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
  • Dec 9 First execution at Newgate Jail in London (now the site of the Central Criminal Court aka the Old Bailey), relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)
  • Dec 18 British King George III dissmisses government of Portland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 19 William Pitt the Younger becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister at age 24

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • Dec 23 US General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress
  • Dec 31 Import of African slaves banned by all of the Northern US states

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 12 Erik Gustaf Geijer, Swedish historian/poet (Natthimmelen)
  • Jan 23 Stendhal, [Marie Henri Beyle], France, writer (Le Rouge et de Noir)
  • Jan 29 Vasili A Zjukovski, Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus) [NS=Feb 9]
  • Feb 9 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (d. 1852)
  • Feb 10 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (d. 1873)
  • Feb 11 Jarena Lee, African American travelling minister
  • Feb 21 Princess Catharina of Württemberg, Queen consort of Westphalia (d. 1835)
  • Mar 8 Hannah Hoes Van Buren, NY, wife of pres Martin (1837-41), (d. 1819)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 3 Washington Irving, American writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), born in NYC, New York (d. 1859)

  • Apr 8 John Claudius, horticulturist, born in London, England
  • Apr 10 Hortense E de Beauharnais, French queen of Netherlands (1806-10)
  • Apr 29 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on landscape painting)
  • May 9 Alexander Ross, Canada, pioneer/fur trader
  • May 25 Philip Pendleton Barbour, Virginia politician and U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1841)
  • Jun 19 Thomas Sully, US portrait painter (Queen Victoria)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 24 Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan political and military leader (freed 6 Latin American republics from Spanish rule), born in Caracas (d. 1830)

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • Aug 7 John Heathcoat, inventor (lace-making machinery)
  • Aug 7 Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom (d. 1810)
  • Aug 9 Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1801)
  • Aug 23 William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer (d. 1852)
  • Sep 8 Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (d. 1872)
  • Sep 17 Samuel Prout, water-color painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 27 Agustin I de Iturbide, General and 1st Emperor of Mexico (1822-23), born in Valladolid, Michoacán, Mexico (d. 1824)

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide
  • Dec 11 Max von Schenkendorf, German poet
  • Dec 12 Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (d. 1865)
  • Dec 19 Charles-Julien Brianchon, France, mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 3 US Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall (27) weds Mary Willis Ambler in Hanover County, Virginia

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall

HeartWedding of Interest

May 8 First American flag seamstress Betsy Ross (31) weds John Claypoole at Christ Church

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 William Tans'ur, English hymnist (b. 1700)
  • Feb 6 Lancelot "Capability" Brown, English architect (Kew), dies at about 67
  • Mar 30 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
  • Apr 11 Nikita I Panin, Russian earl/ambassador in Denmark, dies at 64
  • Apr 16 Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
  • May 3 Pieter Valck(x), South Netherlands sculptor, dies at 49
  • May 23 James Otis, American lawyer, dies
  • Aug 6 Willem Bachiene, vicar/theologist/geography/astronomer, dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 18 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 76

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
Leonhard Euler
  • Sep 18 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (b. 1718)
  • Sep 27 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (b. 1730)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 29 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French philosophe/mathematician, dies at 66

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • Nov 22 John Hanson, American Continental Congressman and 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, dies at 68
  • Nov 23 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
  • Dec 13 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
  • Dec 16 Sir William James, British naval commander (b. 1720)