1785 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
  • Jan 7 1st balloon flight across English Channel by Jean Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries
  • Jan 11 Continental Congress convenes in NYC
  • Jan 13 John Walter publishes 1st issue of "The Times" of London
  • Jan 19 First manned balloon flight in Ireland
  • Jan 20 Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers
  • Jan 27 1st US state university chartered, Athens, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • Mar 1 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 James Hutton, geologist, presents his full theory of uniformitarianism at a meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Geologist James Hutton
Geologist
James Hutton
  • Apr 20 Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Kamehameha, the king of Hawaiʻi defeats Kalanikupule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • May 9 British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jun 15 2 French balloonists die in world's 1st fatal aviation accident
  • Jul 4 James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • Jul 6 Congress unanimously resolves US currency named "dollar" & adopts decimal coinage
  • Jul 12 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
  • Aug 1 Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
  • Aug 15 French cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • Sep 10 Prussia signs trade agreement with US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28 Napoleon Bonaparte (16) graduates from the military academy in Paris (42nd in a class of 51)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Sep 29 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • Nov 17 Church of England organizes in New England
  • Nov 28 The Treaty of Hopewell is signed between the Confederation Congress of the United States of America and the Cherokee people

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 4 Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm, Germany, philologist and folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales" (d. 1863)

Author Jacob Grimm
Author
Jacob Grimm
  • Jan 23 Carl A Agardh, Sweden, botanist/bishop of Karlstad
  • Feb 12 Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
  • Feb 15 Claude Louis Marie Navier
  • Feb 21 Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German officer/author (Die Sterner)
  • Feb 22 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, Ham, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834)
  • Mar 7 Alessandro Manzoni, Italy, poet/novelist (Betrothed)
  • Mar 11 John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1861)
  • Mar 27 Louis XVII Charles, king of France (1793-95)
  • Apr 1 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
  • Apr 9 Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch physician/chemist (electric car 1835)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 26 John James Audubon, American bird watcher and artist, born in Les Cayes, Haiti (d. 1851)

Ornithologist John James Audubon
Ornithologist
John James Audubon
  • May 6 Arvir A Afzelius, Swedish story teller
  • May 9 James Pollard Espy, Penns, meteorologist (Philosphy of Storms)
  • May 18 John Wilson, Scottish writer (d. 1854)
  • Jul 6 William J Hooker, English botanist/director (Kew Gardens)
  • Jul 14 Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (d. 1851)
  • Jul 20 Mahmud II, sultan of Turkey (1808-39)/Westernizer/reformer
  • Aug 15 Thomas De Quincey, England, writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater)
  • Aug 19 Seth Thomas, American pioneer in mass production of clocks
  • Aug 23 Oliver Hazard Perry, US Naval hero ("We have met the enemy")
  • Sep 28 David Walker, abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), born in Wilmington, North Carolina
  • Oct 15 Jose Miguel Carrera, president of Chile (1811-14)
  • Oct 18 Thomas Love Peacock, English author (Headlong Hall)
  • Oct 20 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (d. 1873)
  • Oct 31 George F Kersting, German painter
  • Nov 18 David Wilkie, British artist (d. 1841)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 21 William Beaumont, American surgeon and father of gastric physiology, born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1853)

  • Nov 23 Joannes P Roothaan, 1st Dutch general of the Jesuits (1829-53)
  • Nov 28 Achille-Charles, duc de Broglie, French PM (1835-36)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Haym Salomon, dies in Philadelphia at 44, helped finance the revolution
  • Jan 19 Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
  • Jan 23 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • Feb 6 Iman Willem Falck, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1765-83), dies at 48
  • Feb 24 Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney, dies at 39
  • Apr 14 William Whitehead, English writer and poet, British Poet Laureate (1757-85), dies at about 70
  • Apr 30 Frederick Philipse III, land owner (Bronx, Westch & Putnam), dies at 65
  • May 8 Pietro Longhi, painter, dies
  • May 8 Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (b. 1719)
  • May 23 William Woollett, engraver, dies
  • Jun 2 Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • Jun 25 Pieter Kintsius, VOC-supercarga/chief on Macau, dies at 53
  • Jun 27 Egbert de Free Temminck, Amsterdam regent, dies at 84
  • Jun 30 James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)
  • Jul 13 Stephen Hopkins, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 78
  • Aug 14 John William Fletcher, evangelist, dies
  • Aug 17 Jonathan Trumbull, US patriot, dies
  • Aug 21 Jean B Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Pigeon), dies
  • Aug 26 George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (b. 1716)
  • Oct 4 David Brearly, American statesman (b. 1703)
  • Oct 30 Gustaf P Creutz, Swedish diplomat/poet (Daphne), dies at 54
  • Nov 18 Louis Philip I, Duke of Orléans, French soldier and writer (b. 1725)
  • Nov 25 Richard Glover, British poet (b. 1712)
  • Nov 28 William Whipple, merchant/judge/signer (US Declaration of Independence), dies at 55
  • Dec 29 Johan Herman Wessel, Norwegian poet (b. 1742)