1786 in History

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Events in History

  • Feb 13 Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia
  • Feb 24 Charles Cornwallis appointed governor-general of India
  • Jun 8 Commercially made icecream 1st advertised (Mr Hall, NYC)
  • Jun 10 A landslide dam on the Dadu River caused by earthquake ten days earlier collapses, killing 100,000 in the Sichuan province of China
  • Jun 29 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • Jul 29 1st newspaper published west of Alleghanies, Pitts Gazette
  • Aug 2 Utrechtse Vroedschap flees
  • Aug 8 US Congress adopts silver dollar & decimal system of money
  • Aug 8 Jacques Balmat & Michel Paccard are 1st to climb to top of Mont Blanc
  • Aug 11 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
  • Aug 29 Shay's Rebellion in Springfield, Mass
  • Sep 4 -5] Orange troops plunder Hattem/Elburg
  • Sep 5 Montplaisir Ceramic factory opens in Schaarbeek Belgium
  • Sep 11 Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce
  • Sep 24 African American slave and poet Jupiter Hammon makes his "Address to the Negroes of the State of New York" speech advocating emancipation at meeting of African Society in NY
  • Sep 26 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • Oct 15 Earliest 32°F (0°C) recorded temperature in NYC
  • Oct 20 Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 30 Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II promulgates a penal reform, making his the 1st state to abolish the death penalty. November 30 commemorated as Cities for Life Day.

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • Dec 29 French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convoked

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 John Catron, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1865)
  • Jan 8 Nicholas Biddle, made 2nd bank of US 1st effective central bank
  • Jan 11 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, born in London, England
  • Jan 12 Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (d. 1855)
  • Jan 23 Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (d. 1858)
  • Jan 26 Benjamin Robert Haydon, Plymouth, painter (Waiting for The Times)
  • Feb 2 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
  • Feb 16 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 24 Wilhelm Karl Grimm, German story teller (Grimm's Fairy Tales), born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1859)

  • Feb 24 Martin W. Bates. U.S. Senator from Delaware (d. 1869)
  • Feb 28 D Francois J Arago, French astronomer/physicist/politician
  • Mar 25 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist
  • Apr 4 John Franklin, British explorer (Arctic)
  • Apr 7 William Rufus DeVane King, (D) 13th VP (1853)
  • Apr 15 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1876)
  • May 6 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • May 8 Thomas Hancock, British engineer, founded British rubber industry, born in Malborough, Wilshire (d. 1865)
  • May 8 Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest (d. 1859)
  • May 15 General Dimitris Plapoutas, a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)
  • Jun 13 Winfield Scott, army general (Union)/presidential candidate
  • Jun 20 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (d. 1859)
  • Jul 9 Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France (d. 1787)
  • Jul 24 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, born in Cluses, Savoy, France (d. 1843)
  • Aug 1 Louis C Luzac, judge/Dutch Internal minister

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 17 Davy Crockett, American frontiersman, adventurer and politician, born in Greene County, Tennessee (d. 1836)

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Frontiersman/Soldier
Davy Crockett
  • Aug 17 Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, mother of Queen Victoria (d. 1861)
  • Aug 25 [Charles] Louis I, (Augustus), King of Bavaria (Lola Montez)
  • Sep 10 Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (d. 1854)
  • Sep 10 William Mason, American politician (d. 1860)
  • Sep 18 Justinus AC Kerner, German family doctor/poet/writer
  • Sep 29 Guadalupe Victoria, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843)
  • Oct 7 Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • Oct 11 Stevenson Archer, American Congressman (d. 1848)
  • Oct 30 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer (d. 1871)
  • Dec 4 John LA Luyten, Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament [or 12/14]
  • Dec 5 Henry Drummond, English banker and religious leader
  • Dec 12 William L. Marcy, American statesman (d. 1857)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Mozes Mendelssohn, German Jewish enlightenment philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
  • Jan 7 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • Jan 14 Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)
  • Feb 28 John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)
  • Mar 11 Jacobus Bellamy, [Zelandus], Dutch/Swiss poet, dies at 28
  • Mar 11 Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1714)
  • Mar 23 Patience Wright, 1st US woman pro artist, dies (birth date unknown)
  • Apr 10 John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)
  • Apr 20 John Goodricke, English deaf & dumb astronomer, dies at 21
  • Apr 23 Alexander Cozens, English water colors painter, dies at about 68
  • May 21 Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist, dies at 43
  • May 23 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, dies of a fatal bullet wound to his chest at 39
  • May 25 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, dies at 68
  • Jun 19 Nathanael Greene, American Revolutionary general (b. 1742)
  • Sep 5 Jonas Hanway, English merchant, traveler, and philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • Oct 2 August Keppel, 1st viscount/naval commander/politician, dies
  • Oct 17 Johann Ludwig Aberli, Swiss artist (b. 1723)
  • Dec 26 Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (b. 1713)