1790 in History

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Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Jan 11 Statisten & Vonckisten unite as Belgium
  • Jan 30 Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
  • Feb 1 US Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • Feb 11 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
  • Mar 1 1st US census authorized
  • Mar 4 France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 22 Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st US Secretary of State under President Washington

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Mar 26 US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • Mar 27 The modern shoelace (string and shoe holes) invented in England
  • Apr 3 Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard) created
  • Apr 10 US Patent system forms
  • Apr 30 Colonial troops occupy Bonni's marroon village
  • May 26 Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress

AgreementConstitution of the United States

May 29 Rhode Island becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying US Constitution

  • May 31 US copyright law enacted
  • May 31 Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
  • Jun 9 1st book copyrighted under constitution, "Philadelphia Spelling Book"
  • Jul 9 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
  • Jul 16 Congress declares the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, the permanent capital of the United States
  • Jul 26 US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts
  • Jul 28 Henry James Pye appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • Jul 31 1st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
  • Aug 2 1st US census conducted, the population was 3,939,214 including 697,624 slaves
  • Aug 4 US Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service
  • Aug 9 Robert Gray's Columbia Rediviva returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st American ship to circumnavigate the Globe
  • Aug 14 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • Oct 23 Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
  • Oct 28 New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000
  • Nov 11 Chrysanthemums are introduced to England from China
  • Dec 2 Austrian army occupies Brussels
  • Dec 6 The U.S. Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Dec 17 Aztec calendar stone discovered in Mexico City
  • Dec 20 1st successful US cotton mill to spin yarn (Pawtucket, RI)
  • Dec 22 Supposedly impenetrable Turkish fortress of Izmail stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies during the Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 9 Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish poet (Lycksalighetens)
  • Jan 19 Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish historian/poet (Blommorna)
  • Feb 18 Marshall Hall, Basford Nottinghamshire, physician
  • Mar 14 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (d. 1863)
  • Mar 15 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 29 John Tyler, 10th US President (1841-45), born in Charles City County, Virginia (d. 1862)

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • Mar 30 Joseph Smith, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1877)
  • Apr 30 John Cockerill, English/Belgian industrialist
  • May 12 [Johannes] Carsten Hauch, Danish writer
  • May 23 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (d. 1842)
  • Jun 1 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi/learned (Ereg miliem)
  • Jun 1 Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (d. 1836)
  • Jun 13 Jose Antonio Peez, president of Venezuela
  • Jun 19 John Gibson, British sculptor, born in Conwy, Wales (d. 1866)
  • Jul 4 George Everest, Welsh surveyor (d. 1866)
  • Aug 13 William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician (d. 1872)
  • Aug 19 Edward John Dent, British Clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England
  • Sep 20 Francisco Acuna the Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas)
  • Oct 3 John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee Nation (d. 1866)
  • Oct 14 Thursday October Christian (d. 1831)
  • Oct 21 Alphonse-Marie Louis de Lamartine, Macon France, writer (René)
  • Oct 22 Jan Ackersdijk, Dutch political economist
  • Oct 23 Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman (d. 1860)
  • Oct 30 Rinse Posthumus, Frisian writer
  • Nov 4 Carlos A Lopez, president of Paraguay (1844-62)
  • Nov 12 Letitia Christian Tyler, 1st wife of President Tyler
  • Nov 17 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • Dec 16 King Léopold I of Belgium (d. 1865)
  • Dec 19 William Parry, England, Arctic explorer
  • Dec 23 Jean-Francois Champollion, deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Joseph A Feuchtmayer (Feichtmayer), German rococo sculptor, dies
  • Jan 8 John Stinstra, Dutch baptist vicar, dies at 81
  • Jan 13 Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)
  • Jan 15 John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)
  • Jan 31 Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)
  • Feb 5 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)
  • Feb 20 Joseph II, Emperor of Holy Roman empire, dies at 48
  • Mar 12 Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 17 Benjamin Franklin, US, US Founding Father, inventor ambassador and writer (Poor Richards Almanac), dies at 84

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • May 4 Matthew Tilghman, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1718)
  • May 9 William Clingan, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • May 16 Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (b. 1720)
  • May 21 Thomas Warton, English critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), dies at 62
  • May 27 Jeremiah Carlton, laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at 19 went to bed & stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89
  • May 29 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)
  • Jun 29 Feike H Van de Crew, Fries writer (Mayke Jakkelis), dies
  • Jul 7 Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher, dies at 68
  • Jul 14 Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 17 Adam Smith, Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher, dies at 67

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • Jul 25 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German education reformer (b. 1723)
  • Jul 25 William Livingston, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1723)
  • Sep 2 Johann N von Hontheim, German religious historian/Bishop, dies
  • Sep 24 John Keyse Sherwin, engraver/painter, dies
  • Oct 14 William Hooper, US attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 48
  • Oct 19 Lyman Hall, US physician/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • Oct 29 Pieter van/of Bleiswijk, pension advisor 1771-87, dies at about 66
  • Nov 6 James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician (b. 1726)
  • Nov 16 Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • Dec 12 Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (b. 1733)