1793 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 9 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • Jan 9 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery
  • Jan 16 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
  • Jan 21 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • Jan 21 Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason.
  • Jan 23 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • Jan 23 Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • Feb 1 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • Feb 1 Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
  • Feb 11 Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
  • Feb 12 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • Feb 24 French troops conquer Breda
  • Feb 25 1st US cabinet meeting (At George Washington's home)
  • Mar 4 French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands
  • Mar 4 Washington's 2nd inauguration as US President, shortest speech (133 words)
  • Mar 5 French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
  • Mar 18 2nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • Mar 18 The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
  • Mar 26 Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France
  • Apr 15 Bank of England issues first £5 note
  • Apr 22 President Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US
  • Apr 29 Cornerstone laid for Groningen's new town hall
  • May 15 Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for "about 360 metres", at a height of 5-6 metres, during one of the first attempted flights.
  • May 19 Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
  • May 21 Curacao Island Council forbids criticism of House of Orange
  • May 25 Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • May 30 Georges Couthon chosen member of French Committee the Salut Public
  • Jun 10 1st public zoo opens in Paris
  • Jun 11 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • Jun 24 1st republican constitution in France adopted
  • Jul 22 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
  • Jul 23 The Prussians conquer Mayence.
  • Jul 24 France passes 1st copyright law
  • Jul 29 John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there.
  • Aug 1 France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • Aug 8 The insurrection of Lyon occurs during the French Revolution.
  • Aug 10 Louvre palace officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts
  • Aug 12 The Rhône départment is created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • Aug 29 Slaves in French colony of St Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • Sep 5 French Revolution: the "Reign of Terror" begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 US President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Sep 20 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • Oct 5 French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
  • Oct 16 Battle of Wattignies: French defeat Allied forces and lift siege of Maubeuge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Oct 31 Execution of Girondins ain Paris during Reign of Terror
  • Nov 3 French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
  • Nov 10 France ends forced worship of God
  • Nov 12 Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • Nov 26 Republican calendar replaces Gregorian calendar in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 9 Noah Webster establishes New York's 1st daily newspaper, the "American Minerva"

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster
  • Dec 14 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Ky to Cincinnati
  • Dec 18 Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Dec 26 Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Lucretia Coffin Mott, US, teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
  • Jan 6 James Madison Porter, American politician (d. 1862)
  • Jan 14 John C. Clark, American politician (d. 1852)
  • Mar 2 Sam[uel] Houston, 1st president of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 2 Sam Houston, American politician (brought Texas into the United States), born in Rockbridge County, Virginia

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • Mar 3 Charles Sealsfield [Carl Anton Postl], Austrian-American writer, born in Popice u Znojma, Moravia (d. 1864)
  • Mar 4 Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
  • Mar 11 Jan F Willems, Flemish writer/philologist
  • Mar 28 Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist (d. 1864)
  • Apr 11 Nicolaas C Kist, Dutch church historian/archivist
  • Apr 12 Ferdinand I KLJM, the Good Natured, Emperor of Austria/king of Hungary
  • Apr 15 Friedrich Struve, Germany, founded dynasty of astronomers
  • May 9 Johannes C de Jonge, Dutch historian/archivist
  • Jul 3 John Claire, England, poet
  • Jul 5 Pavel I Pestel, Russian officer
  • Jul 6 Jacob M de Kempenaer, Dutch lawyer/min of Internal Affairs (1848-49)
  • Jul 13 John Clare, Northamptonshire peasant poet (Shepard's Calendar)
  • Sep 4 Edward Bates, Atty Gen (Union), (d. 1869)
  • Sep 25 Felicia Dorothea Hermans, poet
  • Sep 28 Denis-Auguste Affre, Franc, archbishop of Paris (1840-48) and opponent of King Louis-Philippe
  • Oct 28 Eliphalet Remington, US gun maker

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 3 Stephen F. Austin, Founded and helped colonize the US state of Texas, born in Austinville, Virginia (d. 1836)

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • Nov 10 Jared Kirtland, US, physician/naturalist/reformed penitentiaries
  • Nov 15 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry)
  • Nov 16 Francis Danby, Irish painter
  • Dec 15 Henry Charles Carey, economist (Principles of Poli Economy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Weddings in History

  • Dec 26 The wedding of Prince Friedrich Ludwig of Prussia and Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz takes place.

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, dies at 80
  • Jan 4 Bengt Lidner, Swedish poet (Medea/Yttersa domen), dies at 35
  • Jan 21 Louis XVI, French King (1774-93), beheaded during the French Revolution at 38
  • Feb 1 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman (b. 1717)
  • Feb 2 William Aiton, English botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61
  • Feb 6 Carlo Goldoni, Italian author (L'avaro), dies at 85
  • Mar 2 Carl Gustaf Pilo, Swedish-born artist
  • Mar 4 Isaac Ouwater, Amsterdam painter/cartoonist, dies at 44
  • Mar 20 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (b. 1705)
  • Mar 26 John Mudge, English physician (b. 1721)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary (b. 1763)
  • Apr 15 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)
  • Apr 21 John Michell, English seismologist (b. 1724)
  • Apr 29 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi (b. 1713)
  • Apr 29 John Michell, English scientist (b. 1724)
  • May 7 Johan A Zoutman, Dutch lt admiral (battle of Doggersbank), dies at 68
  • May 20 Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist (b. 1720)
  • Jun 4 Jan Ekels de Young, Dutch painter, dies at 34
  • Jun 16 Louis A count d'Affry, general/French ambassador in Netherland, dies
  • Jun 26 Gilbert White, English naturalist ("Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn"), dies at 72
  • Jul 13 Jean Paul Marat, French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday
  • Jul 14 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist, dies in battle at 44
  • Jul 17 Charlotte Corday, murderer (Jean-Paul Marat), is guillotined
  • Jul 21 Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, French explorer (b. 1739)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 23 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence), dies of typhoid fever at 72

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • Aug 22 Louis Duke de Noailles, marshal of France, dies at 80
  • Aug 28 Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/parliament member, dies
  • Oct 7 Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (b. 1718)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 8 John Hancock, American merchant and statesman who was 1st to sign the Declaration of Independence, dies at 56

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • Oct 9 Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary (b. 1718)

BattleExecution

Oct 16 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, beheaded at 37

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • Oct 16 John Hunter, eminent doctor and philosopher (b. 1728
  • Oct 31 Pierre V Vergniaud, French politician/police leader, guillotined at 40
  • Nov 3 Olympe de Gouges, French feminist and revolutionary (b. 1748)
  • Nov 24 Clément Charles François de Laverdy, French statesman (b. 1723)
  • Dec 6 Marie Jeanne Becu comtesse du Barry, mistress of Louis XV, beheaded
  • Dec 7 Joseph Bara, French revolutionary (b. 1780)
  • Dec 9 Gabrielle de Polastron, comtesse de Polignac, French aristocrat (b. 1749)
  • Dec 23 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (b. 1697)
  • Dec 28 Louis earl of Bylandt, Dutch admiral, dies at about 75