1794 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 11 Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US marshal to die while carrying out his duties.
  • Jan 13 Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
  • Jan 14 Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife
  • Feb 4 French National Convention proclaims abolishment of slavery
  • Feb 11 1st session of US Senate open to the public
  • Feb 14 1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Phila
  • Feb 26 Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down.
  • Feb 28 US Senate voids Pennsylvania's election of Abraham Gallatin
  • Mar 3 Richard Allen founded African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Mar 12 Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Mar 22 Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • Mar 23 Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • Mar 23 Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
  • Mar 27 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • Mar 27 Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact.
  • Mar 28 Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • Mar 28 Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.
  • Apr 21 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • Apr 30 The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • May 6 Haiti, under Toussaint L'Ouverture, revolts against France
  • May 17 Hard frost in southern New England
  • May 18 2nd battle of Bouvines (France-Austria)
  • Jun 1 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • Jun 4 Congress passes Neutrality Act, bans Americans from serving in armed forces of foreign powers
  • Jun 5 US Congress prohibits citizens from serving in foreign armed forces
  • Jun 10 Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia forms
  • Jun 10 France revolutionary regime begins trials
  • Jun 16 1st stone laid at biggest Dutch grain windmill De Walvisch in Schiedam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • Jun 24 Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA
  • Jun 25 French troops occupy Charleroi
  • Jun 26 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
  • Jun 30 Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • Jul 2 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • Jul 17 Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church
  • Jul 27 Coup of thermidor/fall of Robespierre in Paris
  • Jul 28 French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • Jul 29 African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • Jul 31 All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
  • Aug 1 Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania
  • Aug 8 Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • Aug 16 Hungarian revolutionary Ignác Martinovics arrested in Vienna
  • Aug 20 Gen "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers, Ohio
  • Aug 26 French troops occupy Lock
  • Sep 27 French troops conquer Crèvecoeur
  • Oct 9 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • Oct 29 French troops occupies Venlo
  • Oct 31 John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society
  • Nov 3 French troops conquer Maastricht
  • Nov 7 French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • Nov 9 Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • Nov 19 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • Nov 19 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • Nov 21 Honolulu Harbor discovered
  • Nov 22 Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision & wearing of beards
  • Dec 8 1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published
  • Dec 15 Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
  • Dec 30 French troops conquer Grave Neth

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 25 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)
  • Feb 12 Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
  • Feb 20 William Carleton, Irish novelist (d. 1869)
  • Feb 21 Antonio López de Santa Anna, President of Mexico who dominated Mexican history in the first half of the 19th century, born in Xalapa, Veracruz (d. 1876)
  • Feb 25 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, Dutch earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam
  • Mar 5 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer
  • Mar 5 Robert Cooper Grier, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1870)
  • Mar 16 Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (d. 1881)
  • Mar 26 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (d. 1872)
  • Mar 31 Thompson McKennan, American politician who served as the 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1852)
  • Apr 9 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (d. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 10 Matthew C. Perry, Commodore of the United States Navy who opened Japan to Western influence and trade, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1858)

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • Apr 11 Edward Everett, Dorchester Mass, (Gov-Mass), statesman/orator
  • Apr 12 Germinal P Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry)
  • Apr 15 Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)
  • Apr 17 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (d. 1868)
  • Apr 23 Wei Yuan, Chinese scholar (d. 1856)
  • May 13 Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (d. 1835)
  • May 17 Anna Brownell Jameson, writer, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • May 24 William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
  • May 27 Cornelius Vanderbilt, millionaire (B & O railroad)
  • May 29 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (d. 1874)
  • Jun 18 George Grote, British historian
  • Jun 28 Allen Frances Gardiner, Berkshire, England, naval officer and missionary in inter alia Port Natal
  • Jul 3 Eberhard F Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt)
  • Jul 5 Sylvester Graham, Minister and noted vegetarian (developed Graham cracker), born in Suffield, Connecticut (d. 1851)
  • Jul 12 Heinrich Christian Pander, Russian zoologist
  • Jul 14 John G Lockhart, [Scorpion], biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
  • Jul 24 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (d. 1865)
  • Aug 10 Leopold Zunz, German scientist (Synagogical Poetry)
  • Aug 11 James Barton Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
  • Aug 15 Elias M Fries, Swedish botanist (System mycologicum)
  • Aug 17 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest (d. 1849)
  • Aug 28 Johannes Zwijsen, archbishop (Utrecht Netherlands)
  • Sep 9 William Lonsdale, Bath, English Geologist and Paleontologist (fossil coral)
  • Oct 10 William Whiting Boardman, American politician (d. 1871)
  • Oct 24 Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant
  • Oct 26 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (d. 1881)
  • Nov 3 William Cullen Bryant, poet (Thanatopsis)
  • Nov 17 John Barrien Montgomery, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1873)
  • Nov 23 Joan F Van Oordt, vicar (Groninger direction)
  • Dec 10 James Wolfe Ripley, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1870)
  • Dec 14 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (d. 1872)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 15 4th US President James Madison (43) weds Dolley Madison (26) in Jefferson County, West Virginia

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 22 Physicist Alessandro Volta (49) weds Teresa Peregrini

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta

Deaths in History

  • Jan 8 Justus Möser, German statesman (b. 1720)
  • Jan 10 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, dies at 39

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 16 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56

Historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon
  • Jan 31 Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
  • Mar 4 Henri D count de Larochejacquelin, Fr Royalist Army leader, dies at 21

MurderMurder of Interest

Mar 28 Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • Mar 29 Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet, mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
  • Apr 5 Georges-Jacques Danton, French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34
  • Apr 8 Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, mathematician dies
  • Apr 13 Nicolas Chamfort, French writer (b. 1741)
  • Apr 18 Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1714)
  • Apr 23 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)
  • Apr 27 William Jones, British Orientalist/jurist, dies at 47
  • May 8 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined
  • May 10 Elisabeth PMH, princess of France, beheaded at 30
  • Jun 8 G A Borger, writer, dies
  • Jun 14 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (b. 1718)
  • Jun 18 James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
  • Jun 19 Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • Jun 27 Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
  • Jun 27 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (b. 1715)
  • Jul 17 John Roebuck, British inventor (b. 1718)
  • Jul 25 Andrea-Marie Chenier, French poet (Avis aux Francais sur leurs), dies
  • Jul 28 Georges Couthon, French politician, beheaded at 39
  • Jul 28 Maximilien Robespierre, Fr revolutionary/avocat (1781), guillotined
  • Aug 6 Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
  • Aug 14 George Colman, the Elder, playwright, dies
  • Sep 4 John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman (b. 1724)
  • Sep 15 Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)
  • Sep 25 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
  • Oct 20 James Adam, System architect (essays on agriculture), dies at about 64
  • Nov 3 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1715)
  • Nov 14 Pieter Nieuwland, prodigy/"Dutch Newton", dies at 30

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 15 John Witherspoon, president of the College of New Jersey, dies at 71

Presbyterian Minister John Witherspoon
Presbyterian Minister
John Witherspoon
  • Nov 17 Jacques François Dugommier, French general (b. 1738)
  • Nov 22 John Alsop, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • Nov 28 Friedrich WLGA von Steuben, Prussian/US inspector-general of Washingtons army, dies at 64