1796 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 23 Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of Council of 500
  • Feb 1 The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
  • Feb 29 Jay's Treaty proclaimed, settles some differences with England
  • Mar 1 1st National Meeting in the Hague
  • Mar 28 Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia is 1st US-African church

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, discovers the construction of the heptadecagon

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Egmont" premieres in Weimar

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Apr 8 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)
  • Apr 13 First elephant arrives in US from India

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 13 Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Apr 21 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi
  • Apr 28 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte
  • May 10 French government arrest 10 utopists
  • May 10 Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge
  • May 10 Riot after disagreement of patriotic demand in Amsterdam
  • May 14 English country doctor Edward Jenner administered the first inoculation against smallpox, using cowpox pus, in Berkeley, Gloucestershire
  • May 15 France & Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris
  • May 15 French troops occupy Milan
  • May 15 First Coalition: Napoleon enters Milan in triumph.
  • May 16 Lombardian Republic forms
  • May 19 Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds
  • May 27 James S McLean patents his piano
  • Jun 1 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from US
  • Jun 1 Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
  • Jul 4 1st Independence Day celebration is held
  • Jul 8 US State Department issues 1st US passport
  • Jul 10 Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.
  • Jul 22 Cleveland, Ohio, founded by Gen Moses Cleveland
  • Aug 8 Boston African Society establishes with 44 members
  • Aug 17 British beat Batavian navy in Saldanha Bay, South Africa
  • Aug 19 Spain & France sign anti-British alliance
  • Aug 23 African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated
  • Sep 2 Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
  • Sep 5 General Salicetti orders equal rights for Jews of Bologna, Italy
  • Sep 8 Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 19 George Washington's farewell address as president

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Oct 5 Spain declares war on England

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 3 John Adams elected president of the United States of America

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • Nov 17 Battle of Arcole-Napoleon I's French forces beat Austrians in Italy
  • Dec 18 1st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (d. 1817)
  • Jan 21 John Gelinde van Blom, Frisian notary/author
  • Jan 22 Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • Jan 25 William McGillivray, Old Aberdeen, naturalist
  • Feb 1 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865)
  • Feb 17 Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
  • Feb 20 Eduard W van Dam van Isselt, Dutch military/liberal politician
  • Feb 22 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgium, mathematician/astronomer/statistician
  • Feb 22 Alexis Bachelot, French missionary (d. 1837)
  • Feb 29 [Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet, Belgian astronomer/meteorology
  • Mar 24 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)
  • Apr 10 James Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (d. 1836)
  • Apr 12 George N. Briggs, 19th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1861)
  • Apr 24 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1840)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 4 Horace Mann, American educator, author and editor who pioneered public schools, born in Franklin, Massachusetts (d. 1859)

Father of American Education Horace Mann
Father of American Education
Horace Mann
  • May 4 Joseph Pannell Taylor, Brigadier General (Union Army), (d. 1864)
  • May 4 William H. Prescott, American historian (d. 1859)
  • May 9 August Pauly, German classicus (Real Encyclopedia)
  • May 17 Martinus J Niewindt, bishop of Curacao (advocate for fair treatment and abolition of slavery)
  • May 21 Reverdy Johnson, American politician and jurist (Dred Scott v. Sandford), born in Annapolis, (d. 1876)
  • Jun 1 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • Jun 14 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (d. 1866)
  • Jun 22 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [OS]
  • Jul 3 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [NS]
  • Jul 6 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55)
  • Jul 15 Thomas Bulfinch, mythologist (Bulfinch's Mythology)
  • Jul 16 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, painter
  • Jul 18 Feargus O'Connor, County Cork, leader of English Chartists
  • Jul 24 Herman van Sonsbeeck, Dutch lawyer/statesman
  • Jul 24 John Middleton Clayton, Delaware, (Sen-Del)/US Secretary of State (1849-50)
  • Jul 26 George Catlin, US, author/painter (American Indian scenes)
  • Aug 25 James Lick, American land baron (d. 1876)
  • Sep 19 Hartley Coleridge, English poet (d. 1849)
  • Sep 22 Ret Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1880)
  • Sep 25 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (d. 1875)
  • Oct 4 John Richardson, Canadian writer (Wacousta, or the prophecy)
  • Oct 9 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English Egyptologist (d. 1878)
  • Oct 23 Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1857)
  • Oct 24 August v Platen, writer
  • Nov 6 George Back, English sea officer/explorer (North Canada)
  • Dec 17 Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (d. 1865)
  • Dec 19 Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Quel Spain, poet/comic playwright
  • Dec 27 Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (d. 1869)
  • Dec 29 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (d. 1877)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 9 French Leader Napoléon Bonaparte (26) marries 1st wife Joséphine de Beauharnais (32), changing her name from Rose

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician (b. 1735)
  • Jan 5 Samuel Huntington, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 64
  • Jan 8 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, Fren Nat Convention chairman, dies at 46
  • Jan 13 John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
  • Feb 17 James Macpherson, Scottish writer and poet, dies at 59
  • Mar 6 Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (b. 1713)
  • Mar 17 Pieter Paulus, lawyer/Dutch CEO (National Convention), dies at 41
  • Mar 19 Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
  • Apr 18 Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist (b. 1732)
  • May 12 Johann P Uz, German poet (Theodicee), dies at 75
  • May 29 Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (b. 1720)
  • Jun 11 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician (b. 1720)
  • Jun 30 Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • Jul 16 George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 21 Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne), dies at 37

  • Jul 30 Nicolas the Pigage, French classical architect, dies
  • Aug 1 Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
  • Aug 31 John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware, dies at 75
  • Sep 21 François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • Oct 7 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
  • Oct 16 Victor Amadeus III of Savoy (b. 1726)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 17 Catherine the Great [Catherine II], Empress of Russia (1762-96), dies of a stroke at 67

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great