1799 in History

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Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 10 Friedrich von Schiller's "Die Piccolomini" premieres in Weimar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Jan 14 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • Jan 17 Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, was executed.
  • Jan 25 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
  • Feb 9 USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • Feb 13 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature
  • Feb 15 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 25 1st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
  • Feb 25 US Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
  • Mar 2 Congress standardizes US weights & measures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa, Palestine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 7 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
  • Mar 12 Austria declares war on France
  • Mar 19 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 26 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • Mar 28 NY State abolished slavery
  • Mar 29 New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
  • Apr 16 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
  • Apr 20 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • May 4 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam: The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.
  • May 22 Napoleon makes statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland set sail in the Pizarro from A Coruña and begin their 5 year Latin American expedition

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • Jun 22 Britain & Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
  • Jul 7 Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.
  • Jul 15 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York

Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • Jul 25 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • Aug 13 British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • Aug 23 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
  • Aug 27 British invasion army lands in North Holland
  • Aug 30 Batavian fleet surrenders to British
  • Sep 1 Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • Oct 2 Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • Oct 6 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army
  • Oct 9 Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast
  • Oct 10 Convention of Alkmaar: British/Russian invasion army departs
  • Oct 22 Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • Nov 9 Napoleon Bonaparte becomes dictator (1st consul) of France
  • Nov 12 Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys
  • Dec 10 Metric system adopted in France, first country to do so

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 18 George Washington's body interred at Mount Vernon

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Jedediah Strong Smith, US fur trader/explorer
  • Jan 7 Daniel Tyler, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, Connecticut (d. 1882)
  • Jan 22 Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
  • Feb 4 Joao Batista da Silva Leitao de Almeida Garret, Portuguese playwright
  • Feb 5 John Lindley, English botanist (Elements of Botany)
  • Feb 11 Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
  • Feb 26 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
  • Mar 7 Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech poet (national anthem, folk song)
  • Mar 8 Simon Cameron, Secy War (Union), (d. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 16 Anna Atkins, English botanist, photographer and the 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1871)

Botanist and Photographer Anna Atkins
Botanist and Photographer
Anna Atkins
  • Mar 20 Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (d. 1839)
  • Mar 22 F W A Argelander, Memel E Prussia, cataloguer of 324,188 stars
  • Mar 28 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 29 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), born in Knowsley, England (d. 1869)

British Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley
British Prime Minister
Edward Smith-Stanley
  • Apr 12 Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
  • Apr 22 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • May 11 John Lowell, American philanthropist (d. 1836)
  • May 20 Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (La Comédie Humaine), born in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France (d. 1850)
  • May 21 Mary Anning, Lyme Regis, Dorset, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset)
  • Jun 6 Alexander Pushkin, Russian writer and poet (Eugene Onegin), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • Jun 18 William Lassell, discoverer (satellites of Uranus & Neptune)
  • Jun 23 John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
  • Jul 4 F J Oscar I, King of Sweden/Norway (1844-59)
  • Jul 25 David Douglas, Scottish botanist, born in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1834)
  • Jul 26 Isaac Babbitt, American goldsmith who invented babbitt's metal for bearings, born in Taunton, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • Aug 11 Joachim de Barrande, French paleontologist/geologist
  • Aug 20 Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician
  • Sep 19 René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
  • Oct 1 Rufus Choate, US, lawyer (Hall of Fame)
  • Oct 5 Anthony G O Ridder Van Rappard, Dutch Min of Reformed Worship
  • Oct 30 Ignace Bourget, bishop of Montreal (d. 1885)
  • Nov 3 William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (d. 1856)
  • Nov 9 Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden (d. 1877)
  • Nov 17 Titian Ramsey Peale, US, artist/naturalist (American Ornithology)
  • Nov 29 Amos Bronson Alcott, US educator/poet (Concord Days)
  • Dec 12 Karl Briullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 11 Politician Henry Clay (21) weds Lucretia Hart in Lexington, Kentucky

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 W G Frederik, prince of Orange/general, dies at 25
  • Jan 9 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
  • Jan 22 Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58
  • Jan 26 Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
  • Feb 4 Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
  • Feb 7 Qianlong, Emperor of China (b. 1711)
  • Feb 12 Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)
  • Feb 16 Charles Theoby, ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
  • Feb 19 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
  • Feb 22 Heshen, infamous Qing Dynasty Chinese official at court (b. 1750)
  • Feb 24 Broerius Brorius, theologist (Pensive Christian), dies at about 41
  • Feb 24 Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer, dies at 56
  • Mar 28 Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55
  • Apr 17 Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)
  • May 4 Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader killed during Battle of Seringapatam (b. 1750)
  • May 18 Pierre de Beaumarchais, French polymath and dramatist (Figaro), dies at 67
  • May 26 James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
  • May 31 Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 6 Patrick Henry, American Revolutionary and Founding Father famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, dies at 63

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Jul 7 William Curtis, English botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
  • Aug 2 Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor, dies at 54
  • Aug 5 Richard Howe, British admiral (b. 1726)
  • Aug 7 John Bacon, English sculptor, dies at 58
  • Aug 15 Giuseppe Parini, Italian poet (b. 1729)
  • Aug 29 Pius VI, [Giovanni A Braschi], Italian Pope (1775-99), dies at 71
  • Aug 31 Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
  • Sep 7 John Ingen Housz, Dutch/English physician/nature investigator, dies at 68
  • Sep 7 Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (b. 1717)
  • Oct 5 Antonio Dinis da Cruz e Silva, Portuguese poet (O Hissope), dies at 68
  • Oct 23 William Paca, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 58
  • Nov 22 Baroness van Dorth, orangist, executed
  • Dec 6 Joseph Black, Scottish medical/chemist/physicist, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 14 George Washington, first President of the United States (1789-97), dies at 66

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Dec 18 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, dies at 74
  • Dec 31 Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (b. 1723)