1801 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
  • Jan 1 The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 John Marshall appointed US chief justice

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Feb 9 France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 17 US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie, chooses Thomas Jefferson President over Aaron Burr

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Feb 27 Washington, D.C. placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • Mar 3 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • Mar 4 Thomas Jefferson is the first US President inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 7 Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law
  • Mar 8 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • Mar 10 First official census in Great Britain, revealing a population of approximately 10 million

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 14 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • Mar 24 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia

BattleBattle of Interest

Apr 2 Napoleonic Wars: naval Battle of Copenhagen - The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Apr 8 Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • Apr 11 Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans" premieres in Leipzig
  • Apr 24 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten"
  • May 10 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)
  • Jun 6 Peace of Badajoz: Spain-Portugal
  • Jun 10 Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • Jul 6 Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • Jul 7 Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haitian independence
  • Jul 11 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • Jul 12 2nd Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French & Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jul 20 Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
  • Oct 1 Britain & France signs Preliminary of London
  • Nov 10 Kentucky outlaws duelling
  • Nov 16 First edition of New York Evening Post

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Thomas Cole, US, romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
  • Feb 1 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
  • Feb 7 John Rylands, England, merchant/philanthropist
  • Feb 21 John Henry Newman, England, cardinal/author (Dream of Gerontius)
  • Mar 15 Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • Mar 21 Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • Mar 23 Peterus D Regout, Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • Apr 7 Henry Eagle, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • Apr 11 Claude Tillier, French journalist/writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • Apr 12 Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar/secession leader
  • Apr 19 Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist
  • Apr 26 Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat (d. 1889)
  • May 6 George Sears Greene, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • May 9 Samuel Cousins, mezzotint engraver
  • May 11 Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)
  • May 16 William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State, bought Alaska at 2 ¢/acre (d. 1872)
  • May 31 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist (d. 1887)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 1 Brigham Young, American religious leader (Mormon church), born in Whitingham, Vermont (d. 1877)

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Jun 4 James Pennethorne, architect
  • Jun 14 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (d. 1868)
  • Jun 15 Benjamin Raymond, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883)
  • Jun 16 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • Jun 23 Daniel Smith Donelson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 5 David Farragut, American admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), born in Campbell's Station, Tennessee (d. 1870)

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Jul 14 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • Jul 26 John Drake Sloat, Ret Major General Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1867)
  • Jul 27 George Biddle Airy, 7th Astronomer Royal
  • Jul 29 George Bradshaw, English publisher (d. 1853)
  • Aug 10 Robert Woodward Barnwell, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1882)
  • Aug 21 Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, WW II Dutch statesman/historian
  • Aug 28 Antoine A Cournot, French philosopher/mathematician (rule of Cournot)
  • Sep 4 Cullen Whipple, American Inventor (pointed screw machine), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Sep 10 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner (d. 1881)
  • Sep 12 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing-teacher
  • Sep 17 Edward William Lane, translator (Thousand & 1 Nights)
  • Sep 24 Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian scientist (d. 1862)
  • Oct 6 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (d. 1888)
  • Oct 12 Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss statesman (d. 1873)
  • Oct 14 Joseph AF Plateau, Belgium, physicist (blinded-stared at Sun 25 secs)
  • Nov 3 Karl Baedeker, Germany, published travel books
  • Nov 9 Gail Borden, Norwich New York, American Manufacturer and Inventor of condensed milk
  • Nov 10 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (d. 1872)
  • Nov 13 Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, queen of Prussia (d. 1873)
  • Nov 13 Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, queen of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • Nov 24 Ludwig Bechstein, German poet (d. 1860)
  • Dec 11 Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German dramatist, born in Detmold, Lippe (d. 1836)
  • Dec 12 Johann (John), King of Saxony (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia)
  • Dec 27 Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49)
  • Dec 28 James Barnes, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1869)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Johann C Lavater, Swiss vicar/philosopher, dies at 59
  • Feb 7 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • Mar 23 Tsar Paul I of Russia (1796-1801) is struck with a sword, strangled, and trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle aged 46
  • Mar 25 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Camper), dies at 69
  • Mar 25 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), dies at 28
  • Mar 28 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • Apr 2 Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer (b. circa 1761)
  • Apr 7 Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (b. 1724)
  • May 5 Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter/engraver, dies at 74
  • May 12 Nicholas Repnin, Russian statesman (b. 1734)
  • May 15 Louis C count Barbiano de Belgioioso, Austrian diplomat, dies at 73
  • May 17 William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
  • May 19 Herman H Vitringa, politician (National Meetings), dies
  • Jun 4 Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (b. 1750)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 14 Benedict Arnold, Revolutionary War general, dies in London at 60

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • Aug 22 Pieter G van Overstraten, gov-gen of Neth-Indies, dies at 46
  • Aug 24 Jacques-Denis Antoine, French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • Sep 1 Robert Bage, English writer (Hermsprong), dies
  • Sep 10 Jason Fairbanks, American murderer (b. 1780)
  • Oct 3 Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Marshal of France (b. 1724)
  • Nov 4 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1712)
  • Nov 5 Norinaga Moto'ori, Japanese scientist, dies
  • Nov 24 Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
  • Nov 28 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)