1805 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 11 Michigan Territory organizes
  • Feb 15 Harmony Society is officially formed.
  • Mar 3 Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
  • Apr 27 US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
  • May 4 Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in Bronx
  • May 26 Lewis & Clark first sight the Rocky Mountains

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned king of Italy

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jun 4 Tripoli forced to conclude peace with US after war over tribute
  • Jun 5 1st recorded tornado in "Tornado Alley" (Southern Illinois)
  • Jun 10 First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.
  • Jun 21 Great Stone Face, or the Profile found in New Hampshire
  • Jul 8 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • Jul 26 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
  • Sep 4 1st edition of Batavian State Courier published
  • Sep 30 Napoleon Bonaparte's army draws into the Rhine
  • Oct 14 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 21 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Oct 23 Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340
  • Nov 7 Lewis and Clark sight Pacific Ocean
  • Nov 11 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • Nov 16 Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
  • Nov 18 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
  • Nov 19 Lewis & Clark expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west
  • Nov 26 Official opening of Thomas Telford's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, carrying the Llangollen canal 126 feet above the River Dee
  • Dec 2 Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz
  • Dec 9 Comet 3D/1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
  • Dec 26 France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • Dec 26 Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
  • Dec 31 End of French Republican calendar; France returns to Gregorianism

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 John Bigler, American politician (d. 1871)
  • Jan 8 Orson Hyde, American religious leader (d. 1878)
  • Jan 13 Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
  • Jan 27 Samuel Palmer, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision), born in London, England
  • Jan 27 Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • Jan 27 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • Feb 1 Auguste Blanqui, French revolutionary (workers' leader)
  • Feb 3 Otto T Freiherr von Manteuffel, premier Prussia
  • Feb 4 William H Ainsworth, English writer (Old St Paul's, Rookwood)
  • Feb 13 David Dudley Field II, American lawyer, law codifier, born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1894)
  • Feb 13 Peter G L Dirichlet, German number theorist/analysist
  • Feb 18 Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Rear Admiral (Union Navy)
  • Feb 20 Angelina Grimke, reformer/abolitionist/politician/lawyer
  • Feb 21 David Tod, US diplomat/(Gov-R-Ohio, 1861-63)
  • Mar 3 Jonas Furrer, first President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1861)
  • Mar 16 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 2 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1875)

  • Apr 7 Francis Wilkinson Pickens, (Gov-SC, Confederacy), (d. 1869)
  • Apr 30 William Kerley Strong, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1867)
  • Jun 14 Robert Anderson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1871)
  • Jun 15 William Butler Ogden, first Mayor of Chicago (d. 1877)
  • Jun 21 Charles Thomas Jackson, American scientist, polymath (d. 1880)
  • Jun 22 Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Il Apostolato Popolare)
  • Jun 29 Hiram Powers, US sculptor (Greek Slave)
  • Jul 5 Robert Fitz Roy, British naval officer and scientist (d. 1865)
  • Jul 26 Constantine Brumidi, artist (Myrtle Murdock)
  • Jul 29 Alexis de Tocqueville, French statesman/writer (Democracy in America)
  • Aug 4 William Rowan Hamilton, Irish astronomer and mathematician, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • Aug 8 Antoon Jurgens, Dutch margarine manufacturer
  • Aug 9 Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer (d. 1860)
  • Aug 11 Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude, Dutch judge/member of parliament
  • Aug 18 Josef Danhauser, Austrian painter (Mutterliebe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1845)
  • Aug 23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, born in Lichtental, Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • Aug 29 Frederick Maurice, English theologian of the Church of England, born in Normanston, Suffolk, England (d. 1872)
  • Aug 30 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1869)
  • Sep 2 Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (d. 1851)
  • Sep 6 Horatio Greenough, American neo-classical sculptor and writer (Form & Function), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1852)
  • Sep 7 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop and one of the greatest public speakers of his day (remembered for his opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution), born in London (d. 1873)
  • Sep 18 Robert Cowdin, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jamaica, Vermont (d. 1874)
  • Sep 23 Matthew Adams Stickney, Rowley Mass, numismatist
  • Sep 25 Henry P Scholte, Dutch/US vicar/founder (Pella colony in Iowa)
  • Sep 27 George Müller, Prussian orphanage builder (d. 1898)
  • Sep 30 Samuel Peter Heintzelman, American Major General (Union Army), born in Manheim, Pennsylvania (d. 1880)
  • Oct 23 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • Oct 23 John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • Nov 7 Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor (d. 1870)
  • Nov 19 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal)
  • Nov 22 Benjamin Hugur, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • Nov 28 John Stephens, US archaeologist; founded study of Central America
  • Dec 1 Lungtok Gyatso, 9th Dalai Lama, born near Dan Chokhor Monastery (d. 1815)
  • Dec 6 Adolf Reubke, German organ builder (d. 1875)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 6 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician and father of modern magic, born in Blois, France (d. 1861)

  • Dec 10 John E Feisser, theologist/founder 1st Dutch baptist church

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 10 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist publisher (The Liberator), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

  • Dec 10 Josef Skoda, Bohemian physician (d. 1881)
  • Dec 12 Henry Wells, founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co)
  • Dec 21 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • Dec 22 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (d. 1893)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 23 Joseph Smith Jr, American founder of the Mormon Church, born in Sharon, Vermont (d. 1844)

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • Dec 31 Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult, [Daniel Stern], French author (Knife)

Weddings in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 3 Lady Caroline Ponsonby (19) marries future Prime Minister William Lamb, Lord Melbourne (26) in London

British Prime Minister William Lamb
British Prime Minister
William Lamb

Deaths in History

  • Jan 9 Noble Wimberly Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • Jan 17 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter, dies at 73
  • Jan 23 Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)
  • Feb 25 Thomas Pownall, British colonial statesman (b. 1722)
  • Mar 4 Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, dies at 79
  • Mar 14 Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)
  • Apr 26 Jean BG d'ansse the Villoison, classic (Anecdota Graeca), dies at 55

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 7 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1782-83), dies at 68

British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
  • May 9 Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller, German poet/playwright, dies at 45
  • May 16 Christian Brunings, hydraulic engineer, dies at 68
  • May 25 William Paley, English philosopher and theologian (Natural Theology), dies at 61
  • Jun 19 Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)
  • Jul 9 Georg W "Franz" Panzer, German vicar/librarian, dies at 76
  • Aug 3 Christopher Anstey, English writer (b. 1724)
  • Aug 28 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770), dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 5 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator (leading British general in the American War of Independence), dies of fever at 66

General and Colonial Administrator Charles Cornwallis
General and Colonial Administrator
Charles Cornwallis

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 21 Admiral Horatio Nelson, dies in Battle of Trafalgar

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Nov 8 Francois-Thomas de Baculard d'Arnaud, French writer, dies at 87
  • Dec 23 Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • Dec 27 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Trois Femmes), dies at 65