1806 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 8 Cape colony becomes British colony
  • Jan 8 Lewis & Clark find skeleton of 105' blue whale in Oregon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Jan 10 Dutch in Capetown surrender to British
  • Jan 12 French evacuate Vienna
  • Jan 19 Britain occupies Cape of Good Hope
  • Jan 30 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • Jan 30 The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.
  • Mar 29 Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
  • Apr 5 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson had accused Jackson's wife of bigamy.

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Jun 5 1st trotter to break 3 minute mile (Yankee)
  • Jun 5 Batavian Republic becomes Kingdom of Holland
  • Jun 24 British under Commodore Popham and Colonel Beresford reach Buenos Aires
  • Jun 27 Buenos Aires captured by British
  • Jul 3 Michael Keens exhibits 1st cultivated strawberry
  • Jul 10 The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
  • Jul 15 Zebulon Pike began his journey to explore the Southwest
  • Aug 6 Holy Roman Empire ends; it was neither holy, Roman, nor an empire. Francis II renounces the title, becoming Emperor of Austria.
  • Sep 2 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switz, kills 500
  • Sep 23 Lewis & Clark return to St Louis from Pacific Northwest
  • Oct 7 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood
  • Oct 8 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • Oct 9 Prussia declares war on France
  • Oct 14 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • Oct 17 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
  • Oct 27 The French Army enters in Berlin
  • Nov 15 1st US college magazine, Yale Literary Government, publishes 1st issue
  • Nov 15 Explorer Zebulon Pike sights Pikes Peak (Colorado)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21 Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with England

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Andre H C van Hasselt, Belgian poet (La Belgium)
  • Jan 14 Matthew Fontaine Maury, Naval Commander (Confederacy)
  • Jan 14 Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria (d. 1855)
  • Jan 17 James Madison Randolph, (Jefferson's grandson) 1st born in White House
  • Jan 20 Nathaniel Willis, writer/editor/founder (American Monthly Mag)
  • Jan 25 Daniel Maclise, Irish painter
  • Feb 14 Lajos, Count Batthy ny, revolutionary premier of Hungary (1848-49)
  • Feb 22 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 6 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet ("Sonnets from the Portuguese"), born in Kelloe, Durham (d. 1861)

  • Mar 12 Jane Means Appleton Pierce, 1st lady (1853-57)
  • Mar 16 Norbert Rillieux, inventor (sugar refiner)
  • Mar 21 Benito Pablo Juarez, president of Mexico (1858-72), born in Oaxaca, Mexico
  • Mar 28 Ludolf AJW Sloet van de Beele, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1861-66)
  • Mar 28 Thomas Hare, English barrister (d. 1891)
  • Apr 2 Giacomo Antonelli, Italian cardinal/asst sec of state for Pius IX
  • Apr 3 Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856)
  • Apr 9 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, designer of 1st transatlantic steamer
  • Apr 10 Leonidas Polk, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 21 Peter van Schendel, Dutch painter
  • Apr 27 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
  • Apr 29 Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austria, physician/philosopher
  • May 6 Chapin Aaron Harris, US, found America Society of Dental Surgeons
  • May 12 Amos Beebe Eaton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1877)
  • May 12 J V Snellman, Finland, journalist/statesman/nationalist
  • May 16 George C Cadwalader, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1879)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 20 John Stuart Mill, English philosopher, political economist and utilitarian, born in London (d. 1873)

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • May 26 Henry Knox Thatcher, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1880)
  • Jun 1 John Buchanan Floyd, Ex-Sect of War (Union), (d. 1863)
  • Jun 8 Gideon Johnson Pillow, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1878)
  • Jun 12 John A. Roebling, German-America civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge) (d. 1869)
  • Jun 13 Bernard ter Haar, Dutch vicar/poet/church historian
  • Jun 16 Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)
  • Jul 7 Michele Amari, Italian historian/minister of Education
  • Jul 20 John Sterling, writer (Representative Victorian)
  • Sep 5 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (d. 1865)
  • Sep 11 Joshua Blackwood Howell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Sep 12 Andrew Hull Foote, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1863)
  • Sep 13 Joseph Lewis Hogg, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), die in 1862
  • Oct 3 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (d. 1850)
  • Oct 11 Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic, monarch of Serbia (1842-58)
  • Oct 14 Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 1865)
  • Oct 16 William Pitt Fessenden, Secy Treas (Union), (d. 1869)
  • Oct 17 Alphonse LPP de Candolle, Swiss botanist
  • Oct 18 John Breckinridge Grayson, Brig Genl (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Oct 25 Max Stirner, [Johann C Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige)
  • Nov 24 Omar Pasha, [Michael Lats], Croatian governor/viceroy of Bosnia/Iraq
  • Dec 3 Henry Alexander Wise, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • Dec 9 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (d. 1838)
  • Dec 12 Stand Watie, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1871)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 12 Frontiersman Davy Crockett (20) weds Polly Finley in Tennessee

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Davy Crockett

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 14 German writer, artist and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe marries mistress Christiane Vulpius in Weimar

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Deaths in History

  • Jan 23 William Pitt, the Younger, PM Great Britain (1783..1806), dies at 46
  • Feb 19 Elizabeth Carter, English writer (b. 1717)
  • Feb 20 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)
  • Feb 24 John Nieuwenhuijzen, theologist (Society for General Use), dies at 81
  • Mar 17 David Dale, industrialist & philanthropist, dies
  • Apr 9 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic dies at 58
  • Apr 13 Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at about 82
  • Apr 22 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)
  • May 24 John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)
  • Jun 8 George Wythe, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at about 79
  • Jun 23 Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (b. 1723)
  • Jul 10 George Stubbs, British animal painter, dies at 81
  • Jul 11 James Smith, Irish/US attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 87
  • Aug 22 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French artist (b. 1732)
  • Aug 23 Charles Augustin de Coulomb, Fren physicist (coulometrie), dies at 70
  • Sep 9 William Paterson, American jurist and statesman (b. 1745)
  • Sep 10 Johann C Adelung, German translator/librarian, dies at 74
  • Sep 13 Charles James Fox, English politician (b. 1749)
  • Sep 18 Patrick Cotter O'Brien, first known eight-foot-tall person (b. 1760)
  • Sep 20 Utamaro Kitagawa, painter, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 9 Benjamin Banneker, African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington D.C., dies at 74

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Oct 17 Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti, dies
  • Oct 26 John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
  • Oct 28 Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
  • Oct 31 Sophie Mereau, writer, dies at 36
  • Nov 12 Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, dies at 73
  • Nov 16 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
  • Dec 22 William Vernon, American merchant (b. 1719)