1807 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
  • Jan 12 Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden, Netherlands, 150 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 28 London's Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight
  • Feb 3 A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
  • Feb 8 Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon's forces and Russian Empire - 1st battle Napoleon isn't victorious
  • Feb 9 French Sanhedrin convened by Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Feb 10 US Coast Survey authorized by Congress
  • Feb 19 British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 19 VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Feb 24 17 die & 15 wounded in a crush to witness execution of Holloway, Heggerty & Elizabeth Godfrey in England
  • Mar 2 US Congress bans the slave trade within the US, effective January 1, 1808

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 2 William Cavendish-Bentinck becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for a second time after the fall of William Grenville's Whig government

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • Mar 25 First fare-paying, passenger railway service in the world established on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea, Wales.
  • Mar 25 British Parliament abolishes slave trade throughout the British Empire; a penalty of £120 per slave is introduced for slave ship captains.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 George Canning becomes British Foreign Secretary

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
  • May 22 Former VP Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond, Virginia (acquitted)
  • May 22 Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 14 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending the War of the Fourth Coalition.
  • Jun 19 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.
  • Jun 22 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
  • Jun 26 Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die
  • Jun 28 British troops lands at Ensenada, Argentina
  • Jul 7 France, Russia & Prussia sign Peace of Tilsit
  • Jul 9 Treaties of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I and Alexander I.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont begins 1st trip up Hudson River

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Sep 1 Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire
  • Sep 2 The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
  • Sep 4 Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat
  • Sep 14 Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge
  • Nov 27 The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops
  • Dec 17 France issues the Milan Decree, which confirms the Continental System.
  • Dec 22 US Congress passes Embargo Act, prohibiting American ships from trading in all foreign ports, as a result of involvement in hostilities between France and Britain.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Joseph Holt, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1894)
  • Jan 6 Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor (d. 1891)
  • Jan 11 Alfred Eugene "Mudwall" Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jan 11 Ezra Cornell, founder (Western Union Telegraph, Cornell University)
  • Jan 12 Jan T Beelen, Dutch/Belgian bible expert
  • Jan 13 Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • Jan 16 Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1877)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 19 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, born in Stratford Virginia (d. 1870)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Feb 1 William Bowen Campbell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • Feb 3 Joseph Eggleston Johnston, Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • Feb 8 Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman
  • Feb 8 Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and naturalist (d. 1889)
  • Feb 10 Abner Clark Harding, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)
  • Feb 13 Bartolommea Capitanio, Italian monastery founder (Liefdezusters)
  • Feb 16 Lysander Cutler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1866)
  • Feb 25 George Alfred Trenholm, Secy Treas (Confederacy), (d. 1876)
  • Feb 27 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Portland Maine, poet (Hiawatha)
  • Mar 1 Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)
  • Mar 14 Josephine of Leuchtenberg, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1876)
  • Apr 1 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
  • Apr 24 Charles Ferguson Smith, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • May 1 John Bankhead "Prince John" Magruder, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • May 24 Cornelis E van Koetsveld, vicar/literature
  • May 24 Thomas Duncan, painter
  • May 28 Jan van Swieten, Dutch general/governor of West-Sumatra
  • May 28 Louis Agassiz, Switzerland, naturalist/geologist/teacher
  • Jun 11 James Findlay Schenck, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • Jun 30 Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer)
  • Jul 1 Thomas Green Clemson, mining engineer, endowed Clemson University

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 4 Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, born in Nice, First French Empire (d. 1882)

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Jul 12 Silas Casey, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
  • Jul 22 Karolina Pawlowa, writer
  • Aug 8 Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (d. 1892)
  • Aug 11 David R Atchison, President of USA on March 3rd 1849
  • Aug 18 Charles Francis Adams, (Union), (d. 1886)
  • Sep 5 Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish Anglican clergyman and philologist (d. 1886)
  • Sep 25 Alfred Vail, Morristown New Jersey, American Inventor, early telegraph pioneer, and financial backer to Samuel Morse
  • Sep 28 Arnold Henry Guyot, Switzerland, US geologist/geographer/meteorologist
  • Oct 4 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician, prime minister of the Province of Canada (d. 1864)
  • Oct 12 John Tideman, Dutch Remonstrant theologist
  • Oct 22 Magnus Huss, Swedish Physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease
  • Oct 30 James Samuel Wadsworth, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Dec 17 John Greenleaf Whittier, US, poet (Snow-bound)
  • Dec 20 Richard Lucian Page, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Dec 22 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet (d. 1873)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 21 US President Martin Van Buren (24) weds highschool sweetheart Hannah Hoes (23) in Catskill, New York

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Michel Adanson, French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79
  • Jan 12 Adriaan Kluit, Dutch historian, dies at 71
  • Jan 12 Joan Lucaz, Dutch scholar/journalist/patriot, dies at 60
  • Feb 5 Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter, dies at 80
  • Feb 18 August G Meissner, German estheticus/literary, dies at 53
  • Feb 18 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), dies at 75
  • Mar 4 Abraham Baldwin, American politician (b. 1754)
  • Apr 4 Joseph Jerome Le Francais de Lalande, French astronomer, dies
  • Apr 9 John Opie, English painter (The Murder of Rizzio), dies at 46
  • Apr 18 Erasmus Darwin, physician writer and botanist (Influence), dies (b. 1731)
  • May 10 Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (b. 1725)
  • May 13 Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (b. 1721)
  • May 17 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)
  • May 18 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (b. 1721)
  • Jul 13 Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • Aug 15 Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician, dies at 70
  • Aug 16 Claude C Saunier, French furniture maker, dies at about 72
  • Sep 14 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • Nov 2 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)
  • Nov 23 Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (b. 1747)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 24 Joseph Brant [Thayendanegea], Mohawk leader, dies at 64

Mohawk Military Leader Joseph Brant
Mohawk Military Leader
Joseph Brant
  • Dec 3 Clara Reeve, English author (old English baron), dies
  • Dec 4 Prince Hall, activist/Masonic leader, dies in Boston
  • Dec 19 Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
  • Dec 21 John Newton, English cleric and hymnist (b. 1725)