1808 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 African Benevolent Society (education) forms
  • Jan 1 Congress prohibits importation of slaves
  • Jan 1 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
  • Jan 10 Herman Daendels succeeds A Wiese as gov-gen of Neth Indies
  • Jan 12 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • Jan 19 Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law
  • Jan 26 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
  • Feb 11 Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pa
  • Mar 2 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • Mar 7 Portugal's regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio De Janeiro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 26 Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII.
  • Mar 27 Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 31 French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
  • Apr 6 John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.
  • Apr 8 The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore was promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII.
  • Apr 9 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • Apr 17 Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • Apr 30 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • May 2 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • May 3 Day depicted by Spanish painter Goya in his "The of 3rd of May" (painted 1814)
  • May 3 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia.
  • May 3 Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill.
  • May 30 Napoleon Bonaparte annexes Tuscany & gave it seats in French Senate
  • Jun 1 1st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
  • Jun 15 Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain.
  • Jun 22 Zebulon Pike reaches his peak
  • Jul 2 Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
  • Jul 5 Battle of Buenos Aires
  • Jul 15 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
  • Jul 20 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names
  • Jul 28 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
  • Aug 17 Napoleon asks King Louis for Holland brigade towards Spain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 21 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • Sep 13 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
  • Sep 30 Covent Garden Theatre Royal destroyed by fire
  • Oct 17 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • Oct 31 Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain
  • Nov 10 Osage Treaty / Treaty of Fort Clark, Osage Nation cedes territory in Missouri and Arkansas to the US

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 7 James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (d. 1864)
  • Jan 7 Jacob Ammen, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • Jan 11 Antoine GB Schayes, Belgian historian/archaeologist
  • Jan 12 Paul "the Great" Taglioni, ballet choreographer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jan 13 Salmon P Chase, (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
  • Jan 19 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (d. 1887)
  • Jan 27 David F Strauss, Germany, theologist (Jesus' Life)
  • Feb 4 Josef Kajetán Tyl, Czech playwright, author of the Czech national anthem(d. 1856)
  • Feb 5 Carl Spitzweg, German painter (d. 1885)
  • Feb 20 Daumier, Marseilles France, artist
  • Feb 25 James Bowen, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • Feb 26 Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • Feb 26 Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d. 1871)
  • Mar 12 Gerrit van der Linde Jz, "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
  • Mar 14 Catharinus Putnam Buckingham, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Mar 23 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, sociologist/historian (Statistic yearbook)
  • Mar 25 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet (Cortes)
  • Apr 13 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)
  • Apr 16 Caleb Blood Smith, Secy Int (Union), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 20 Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III), emperor of France (1852-71)
  • Apr 26 Martha Finley, children's book author
  • Apr 29 Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch, German politician/reformer [or 1883]
  • May 19 Samuel Jameson Gholson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • May 22 Gérard de Nerval [Gérard Labrunie], French writer, born in Paris (d. 1855)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 3 Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861-65), born in Fairview, Kentucky (d. 1889)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Jun 10 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser compass-card)
  • Jun 11 Charles Henry Poor, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • Jun 17 Everhardus J Potgieter, Dutch writer/publisher (The Guide)
  • Jun 17 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (d. 1845)
  • Jun 20 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (d. 1888)
  • Jun 28 Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess/politician
  • Jul 9 Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (d. 1887)
  • Jul 10 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • Jul 15 Henry Cole, promotor (Great Exhibition of 1851)
  • Jul 15 Henry Edward Manning, cardinal/archbishop (Westminster)
  • Jul 21 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician (d. 1864)
  • Aug 1 Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 3 Hamilton Fish, American politician (d. 1893)
  • Aug 9 William Thomas Ward, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Aug 19 James Nasmyth, Edinburgh, Scottish Engineer and Inventor of the steam hammer
  • Aug 24 Benjamin Grubb Humphreys, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Aug 24 Thomas Fenwick Drayton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • Aug 29 Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch, German politician/reformer
  • Aug 30 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (d. 1892)
  • Sep 6 Abd al-Qadir, Algerian political and military leader (d. 1883)
  • Sep 30 Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch vicar (Folies-old Calvinist communities)
  • Oct 5 Thomas Algeo Rowley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Oct 5 Winand C H Staring, geologist (Geology of Netherlands)
  • Oct 6 Frederik VII, 1st constitutional king of Denmark (1848-63)
  • Oct 13 Henry Haywood Bell, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1868)
  • Oct 20 Karl [Theodor] Andree, German geographer/journalist (Globus)
  • Oct 24 Carl Bernhard von Cotta, Meiningen, Germany, German geologist
  • Nov 1 John Taylor, American religious leader (d. 1887)
  • Nov 2 Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, French writer (d. 1889)
  • Nov 22 Thomas Cook, founder (Cook travel bureau)
  • Nov 27 Hugh Weedon Mercer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • Dec 4 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius)
  • Dec 6 Johan M Dautzenberg, Flemish author (Future)
  • Dec 7 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1884-85, 85-69), born in Kennebunk, Maine (d. 1895)
  • Dec 20 Thomas Tinsley Craven, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1887)
  • Dec 22 Thomas Cook, England, tour director (Thomas Cook & Son)
  • Dec 23 Thomas Turner, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
  • Dec 25 Stephen Cleeg Rowan, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1890)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 29 Andrew Johnson, 17th US President (Unionist: 1865-69), born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1975)

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Dec 29 Gyorgy Apponyi, Hungarian Parliament member

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 5 Explorer William Clark (37) weds Julia Hancock in Fincastle, Virginia

Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark

Deaths in History

  • Jan 8 Messenger, horse that sired many great trotters, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 14 John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania, dies at 75

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson
  • Mar 3 Johann Christian Fabricius, Danish Entomologist, dies at 63
  • Mar 9 Joseph Bonomi the Elder, architect (b. 1739)
  • Mar 13 King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
  • May 5 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (b. 1757)
  • May 18 Jacob Albright, [Albrecht], German/US preacher, dies at 49
  • May 18 Elijah Craig, American minister and inventor (b. 1738?)
  • May 28 Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (b. 1720)
  • Sep 3 John Montgomery, American Continental Congressman (b. 1722)
  • Sep 5 John Home, Scottish writer (b. 1722)
  • Sep 6 Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (b. 1723)
  • Sep 13 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (b. 1718)
  • Sep 17 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (b. 1755)
  • Sep 25 Richard Porson, scholar, dies
  • Sep 27 Gaetano B Vestris, ballerina, dies at 79
  • Nov 10 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and Governor of Quebec (b. 1724)
  • Nov 16 Mustapha IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29
  • Nov 17 David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary (b. 1721)