1810 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 19 Overnight temp at Portsmouth NH drops 50°F (10°C)
  • Feb 1 1st insurance company managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Philadelphia)
  • Feb 1 Seville, Spain surrenders to French
  • Feb 1 US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)
  • Feb 4 Royal Navy seizes Guadeloupe.

BattleExecution

Feb 20 Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon's forces, executed.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Feb 28 1st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia
  • Mar 6 Illinois passes 1st state vaccination legislation in US
  • Apr 19 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • Apr 20 The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 English poet Lord Byron swims the Hellespont (modern day Dardanelles)

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • May 25 The Primera Junta (local government) is established in Argentina
  • May 25 In the May Revolution, citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Spanish Viceroy Cisneros during Semana de Mayo
  • Jun 23 John Jacob Astor organizes Pacific Fur Co (Astoria, Oregon)
  • Jul 1 Louis Napoleon abdicates as king of the Netherlands
  • Jul 4 French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • Jul 9 Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
  • Jul 20 Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia), declare independence from Spain.
  • Aug 9 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
  • Aug 21 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, is elected Crown Prince of Sweden by the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.
  • Sep 16 Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, calling for the end of Spanish rule (Mexican Independence Day)
  • Sep 18 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Sep 26 A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
  • Oct 26 US annexes western Florida
  • Oct 27 US annexes West Florida from Spain
  • Dec 15 1st Irish magazine in US, Shamrock, is published
  • Dec 22 British frigate HMS Minotaur sinks killing 480

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Antoine T d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia) [or Jul 24]
  • Jan 3 Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega, Danish West Indies, baroness
  • Jan 10 Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (d. 1883)
  • Jan 12 Ferdinand II, king of Sicily
  • Jan 29 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician
  • Jan 31 Daniel Ruggles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • Feb 1 Charles Lenox Remond, African American orator and abolitionist (d. 1873), born in Salem, Massachusetts
  • Feb 28 Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink, Dutch historian
  • Mar 2 Leo XIII, [Vincenzo G Pecci], 256th pope (1878-1903), born in Carpineto, Papal States (d. 1903)
  • Mar 10 John McCloskey, 1st American cardinal and Archbishop of New York, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1885)
  • Mar 10 Samuel Ferguson, Irish poet (d. 1886)
  • Mar 15 Aernout Drost, Dutch literary (Hermingard van de Eikenterpen)
  • Mar 27 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, born in Berlin (d. 1876)
  • Mar 27 William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar (d. 1886)
  • Apr 6 Philip Gosse, intentor of institutional aquarium, writer (Omphalos)
  • Apr 11 Henry Rawlinson, English scholar (d. 1895)
  • Apr 21 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (d. 1864)
  • Apr 23 Thomas Wright, historian
  • Apr 28 Daniel Ullmann, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • May 8 James Cooper, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • May 9 Louis Gallait, historical painter
  • May 9 WFLC Marianne, princess of Orange-Nassau/daughter of king Willem I
  • May 10 James Shields, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1879)
  • May 15 Jacob Thompson, (Confederacy), (d. 1885)
  • May 23 [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary (NY Tribune)
  • May 24 Abraham Geiger, theologian/author/leader of Reform Judaism
  • May 28 Alexandre Calamo, Switzerland, painter/etcher/lithographer
  • May 29 Erasmus Darwin Keyes, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • May 29 Juan B Alberdi, [Figarillo], Argentina politician/writer
  • May 29 Solomon Meredith, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1875)
  • May 31 Horatio Seymour, Gov (Union), (d. 1886)
  • Jun 17 Ferdinand Freiligrath, German poet and translator, born in Detmold, Principality of Lippe (d. 1876)
  • Jun 19 Ferdinand David, violist/compser (Hohe Schule des Violinspiels)
  • Jun 23 Franziska"Fanny" Elssler, Austrian ballerina
  • Jun 30 Stanko Vraz, [Jakob Frass], Slovenian/Croatian poet (illyrism)
  • Jul 1 Walter White, secretary (NAACP)
  • Jul 2 Robert Augustus Toombs, Secy State (Confederacy), (d. 1885)
  • Jul 5 Phineas Taylor Barnum, Bethel Conn, circus promoter (Barnum & Bailey)
  • Jul 11 Eugene L Simonis, Belgian sculptor
  • Jul 21 Henri V Regnault, French physicist/chemist
  • Aug 10 Camilio Benso di Cavour, Turin Italy, PM
  • Aug 10 Cornelis Outshoorn, Dutch architect
  • Aug 21 Thomas Jefferson McKean, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 2 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (d. 1897)
  • Sep 3 Paul Kane, Canadian painter (d. 1871)
  • Sep 4 Donald McKay, US naval architect, built fastest clipper ships
  • Sep 7 Hermann Heinrich Gossen, Prussian economist (d. 1858)
  • Sep 10 Albert Gallatin Blanchard, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Sep 20 Alpheus Starkey Williams, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 29 Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, novelist, born in London, England
  • Oct 4 Alexander Walewski, French earl/foreign minister/Napoleon I's son
  • Oct 13 James Shedden Palmer, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1867)
  • Oct 19 Cassius Marcellus Clay, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1903)
  • Oct 22 Henry Bohlen, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Oct 28 Adley Hogan Gladden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Nov 2 Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • Nov 7 Fritz Reuter, German novelist
  • Nov 9 Thomas Bragg, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1872)
  • Nov 9 Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)
  • Nov 10 George Jennings English sanitary engineer (d. 1882)
  • Nov 18 Asa Gray, Sauquoit NY, botanist (Flora of North America)
  • Nov 18 Benjamin Stone Roberts, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1875)
  • Nov 19 August Willich, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1878)
  • Nov 26 William G Armstrong, of Cragside, Baron/British industralist (hydraulic crane)
  • Nov 28 William Froude, England, engineer/naval architect
  • Nov 30 Oliver Fisher Winchester, rifle maker (Winchester)
  • Dec 7 Theodor Schwann, German co-originator of cell theory
  • Dec 7 Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (d. 1894)
  • Dec 11 Alfred de Musset, writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), born in Paris, France
  • Dec 13 Clark Mills, US, sculptor (Freedom, Armed Liberty)
  • Dec 24 Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter (d. 1873)
  • Dec 25 Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (d. 1892)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 11 French leader Napoleon I marries 2nd wife Marie-Louise of Austria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 21 US President Zachary Taylor (25) weds Margaret Smith near Louisville, Kentucky

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Aug 8 Urdu poet Mirza Ghalib marries Maaroof, daughter of Nawab Ilahi Baksh, and moves to Delhi.
  • Oct 12 First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Jan 10 French church annuls marriage of Napoleon I & Empress Joséphine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Deaths in History

  • Jan 20 Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722)
  • Jan 28 Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead
  • Feb 20 Andreas Hofer, milt leader (fought Napoleon's France), executed at 42
  • Feb 24 Henry Cavendish, British physicist and chemist (discovery of hydrogen), dies at 78
  • Mar 7 Albertus H Wiese, gov-gen of Neth Indies, dies at about 48
  • Mar 7 Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (b. 1750)
  • Mar 21 Philippe-Joseph van den Berghe graaf Limmighe, Brabants ships, dies
  • Apr 7 Pieter L van de Kasteele, Dutch politician/patriot, dies at 61
  • May 2 Rev. Dr. Henry Jerome de Salis, divine (b.1740)
  • May 21 Charles GLAAT chevalier d'Eon de Beaumont, French spy, dies at 81
  • Jun 7 Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (b. 1765)
  • Jun 13 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), dies at 47
  • Jun 26 Joseph Michel Montgolfier, French inventor (b. 1740)
  • Jul 19 Luise, queen of Prussia/wife of Frederik Willem III, dies at 34
  • Aug 12 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (b. 1725)
  • Sep 9 Johann Baptiste Hagenauer, Austrian sculptor, dies at 78
  • Sep 20 Wouter J van Troostwijk, painter, dies at 28
  • Oct 15 Alfred Moore, American judge (b. 1755)
  • Oct 16 Nachman of Breslov, founder of Breslov Hasidut (b. 1772)
  • Oct 19 Jean-Georges Noverre, French choreographer (ballet d'action), dies
  • Nov 11 Johann/John Zoffany, German painter (Tribuna degl' Uffizi), dies at 77