1813 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 11 1st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1/21)
  • Jan 14 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • Jan 21 Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01/111)
  • Jan 21 Spaniard Don Francisco de Paula y Marin plants coffee in Hawaii - 1st record of coffee growing in Hawaii
  • Jan 22 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" is published by Thomas Egerton in the United Kingdom.

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen
  • Feb 23 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass
  • Feb 27 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted
  • Feb 27 USnCongress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
  • Mar 3 Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • Mar 8 1st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
  • Mar 18 David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas
  • Mar 25 1st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
  • Apr 27 Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • Apr 29 Ist US Rubber patent granted to Jacob F Hummel
  • May 11 In Australia, William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland and William Wentworth, lead an expedition westwards from Sydney. Their route opens up inland Australia for continued expansion throughout the 19th century.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • May 27 Americans capture Ft George, Canada
  • May 31 In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
  • Jun 1 Capt John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"
  • Jun 6 US invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek (Ont)
  • Jun 21 Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria
  • Jun 24 Battle of Beaver Dam - British & Indian forces defeat US forces (War of 1812)
  • Jul 5 War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.
  • Jul 31 British invade Plattsburgh NY
  • Aug 12 Robert Southey is appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • Aug 14 British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
  • Aug 19 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate.
  • Aug 23 Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 27 Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Aug 30 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
  • Sep 4 First US religious newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))
  • Sep 7 "Uncle Sam" 1st used to refer to the US, by Troy Post of New York
  • Sep 10 American Naval Commander Oliver Hazard Perry defeats the British in Battle of Lake Erie
  • Sep 30 Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla
  • Oct 5 Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
  • Oct 8 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria
  • Oct 16 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria & Russia
  • Oct 20 Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • Oct 23 The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).
  • Nov 2 Treaty of Fulda signed in Germany after Battle of Leipzig
  • Nov 3 US troops under General Coffee destroy Indian village at Talladega Ala
  • Nov 6 Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain
  • Nov 11 Dresden surrenders to allied armies
  • Nov 12 Allied troops occupy Zwolle Neth
  • Nov 15 Allied troops occupies Groningen
  • Nov 15 Tax revolt in Amsterdam
  • Nov 21 Stettin surrenders to allied armies
  • Nov 28 Cossacks occupy Utrecht
  • Nov 29 Elias Canneman (Lib) becomes minister of Finance
  • Nov 30 Prince Willem Frederik returns to Netherlands
  • Dec 2 Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
  • Dec 5 Lübeck surrenders to allied armies
  • Dec 18 British take Fort Niagara in War of 1812
  • Dec 26 Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
  • Dec 29 British burn Buffalo, NY during War of 1812
  • Dec 30 Danzig surrenders to allied armies

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, Austria attorney/premier (1852-59)
  • Jan 4 Isaac Pitman, Britain, inventor (stenographic shorthand)
  • Jan 4 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator
  • Jan 5 Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1903)
  • Jan 7 Ann Rutledge, said to be Abraham Lincoln's true love, born in Henderson, Kentucky (d. 1835)
  • Jan 15 James Marion Sims, SC, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • Jan 18 Joseph Glidden, American inventor of 1st commercial usable barbed wire, born in Charlestown, New Hampshire (d. 1906)
  • Jan 19 Henry Bessemer, engineer/inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • Jan 20 Jacon Gartner Lauman, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • Jan 26 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
  • Jan 31 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist
  • Feb 8 Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist
  • Feb 11 Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
  • Feb 13 Charles Pierre Schimpf, governor of Suriname (1855-59)
  • Feb 14 John McNeil, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)
  • Feb 16 Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1892)
  • Mar 4 Wijnand J J Nuijen, romantic/water colors painter (Wrecked)
  • Mar 15 John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)
  • Mar 18 Friedrich Hebbel, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 19 David Livingstone, Scottish explorer (found by Stanley in Africa), born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1873)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • Mar 20 Matthias Keller, German hymm writer (O Farther un High), born in Ulm, Württemberg (d. 1875)
  • Mar 21 James Jesse Strang, King of Mormons on Beaver Is, MI (1850-56)
  • Mar 22 Gabriel Rene Paul, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • Mar 26 Thomas West Sherman, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1879)
  • Mar 27 Nathaniel Currier, lithographer (Currier & Ives)
  • Mar 29 John Letcher, Gov (Confederacy), (d. 1884)
  • Apr 14 Junius S Morgan, US, merchant/philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
  • Apr 17 Henry Washington Benham, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1884)
  • Apr 18 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist (d. 1865)
  • Apr 23 Stephen Arnold Douglas, (Little giant), US senator (Lincoln debates)
  • Apr 23 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar (Society of Saint Vincent de Paul) (d. 1853)
  • May 5 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (d. 1855)
  • May 6 Joseph Tarr Copeland, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1893)
  • May 10 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott V Sandford), born in Franklin County, Kentucky (d. 1883)
  • May 12 Johann Czerski, German chaplin
  • May 23 Mason Brayman, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • Jun 6 Israel Washburn, gov (Union), (d. 1883)
  • Jun 8 David Dixon Porter, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1891)
  • Jun 16 Otto Jahn, German archaeologist (d. 1869)
  • Jun 18 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1887)
  • Jun 24 Henry Ward Beecher, clergyman/orator (Independent), born in Litchfield, Connecticut
  • Jun 25 William Hugh Keim, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Jul 7 William Scott Ketchum, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1871)
  • Jul 26 Isaac Baumann, Kassel Hesse, Germany, a Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa
  • Aug 5 Carnot Posey, Confederate brigadier general
  • Aug 5 Ivar A Aasen, Norwegian linguistic/poet
  • Aug 15 Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic (d. 1891)
  • Aug 18 Benjamin Alvord, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1884)
  • Aug 21 Jean Stas, Belgian chemist (d. 1891)
  • Aug 26 Nicaise de Keyser, Flemish painter (Battle of Guilder Tracks)
  • Aug 30 Princess Mathilde of Bavaria d. 1862
  • Sep 11 Conrad Feger Jackson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Sep 13 John Sedgwick, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Oct 9 John Jones Pettus, Confederate governor (D-Miss, 1859-63)
  • Oct 12 Lyman Trumbull, MC (Union) (d. 1896)
  • Oct 17 Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer, born in Sabrodt

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Nov 13 John Wolcott Phelps, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1885)
  • Nov 13 Peter II Petrovic Njegos, poet/ruler of Montenegro (1830-51)
  • Nov 29 Franz von Miklosich, Slovenian linguist (d. 1891)
  • Nov 30 Hermann Kurz, German author/poet
  • Nov 30 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (d. 1890)
  • Dec 10 Zachariah Chandler, US, merchant/politician (found Republican Party)
  • Dec 19 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), born in Belfast (d. 1885)
  • Dec 20 Samuel Jordan Kirkwood, (Gov-Iowa)/US Sect of Interior (1881-82)
  • Dec 25 Milledge Luke Bonham, (Confederacy) (d. 1890)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 29 John Tyler (23) later 10th US President, marries 1st wife Letitia Christian Tyler (22)

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
  • Jan 6 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general (b. 1764)
  • Jan 20 C M Wieland, writer, dies at 79
  • Jan 23 George Clymer, US merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • Feb 13 Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 26 Robert R. Livingston, US diplomat (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • Apr 10 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician and astronomer (b. 1736)
  • Apr 19 Benjamin Rush, physician/abolotionist (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 67
  • Apr 27 Zebulon Pike, American brigadier general and explorer (Pike's Peak), dies in battle at 34
  • Apr 28 Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (b. 1745)
  • May 1 Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
  • May 23 Geraud Duroc, French general (b. 1772)
  • Jun 6 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect
  • Jun 17 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (b. 1726)
  • Jun 28 Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst, Prus min of War (1807-10), dies in battle
  • Jul 6 Granville Sharp, British abolitionist (b. 1735)
  • Jul 29 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (b. 1771)
  • Aug 11 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), dies at 68
  • Aug 23 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born ornithologist (b. 1766)
  • Aug 26 Karl Theodor Korner, German poet (Vetter aus Bremen), dies at 21
  • Sep 2 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1763)
  • Sep 13 Hezqeyas of Ethiopia, deposed Emperor of Ethiopia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 5 Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief (Battle of Thames), dies in battle at 45

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
  • Oct 19 Josef Poniatovski, Polish gen/marshal of France, dies in battle
  • Nov 29 Giambattista Bodoni, Italian stamp cutter/publisher (bodoni), dies at 73
  • Dec 19 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744)
  • Dec 24 Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1740)