1816 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 12 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22 Lord Byron completes "Parisina" & "Siege of Corinth"

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • Feb 13 -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 27 Dutch regain Suriname from the French after the defeat of Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 6 Jews are expelled from Free city of Lubeck Germany
  • Mar 20 US Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions
  • Apr 9 African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Philadelphia)
  • Apr 10 2nd Bank of US chartered
  • May 5 American Bible Society organized (NY)
  • May 10 British steamship "Defiance" arrives at Rotterdam harbor
  • May 11 American Bible Society forms (NY)
  • Jun 6 10" of snowfall in New England, part of a "year without a summer" which followed the eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia
  • Jun 11 Gas Light Co of Baltimore founded
  • Jun 19 Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
  • Jul 1 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
  • Jul 3 French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas
  • Jul 8 Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts during "year without a summer"
  • Jul 9 Argentina declares independence from Spain
  • Jul 19 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • Jul 27 US troops destroy Fort Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves
  • Aug 8 Bavaria joins Holy Alliance
  • Aug 14 Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
  • Aug 19 Java again in Dutch hands
  • Aug 24 The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • Aug 27 Lord Exmouth bombards Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 Louis XVIII has to dissolve the Chambre introuvable ("Unobtainable Chamber").

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • Oct 7 1st double decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans
  • Oct 21 The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia.
  • Nov 19 Warsaw University is established.
  • Dec 2 First savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 4 James Monroe (VA), elected 5th pres, defeating Federalist Rufus King

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • Dec 10 Dutch regain Sumatra from the British
  • Dec 11 Citizens of Geneva thwarted Savoyard invaders
  • Dec 11 Indiana becomes 19th state of the Union
  • Dec 13 Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston
  • Dec 28 American Colonization Society organizes
  • Dec 30 The Treaty of St. Louis is proclaimed.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Stephen Miller, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • Jan 9 John Palmer Usher, Secretary of the Interior under Lincoln during US Civil War (d. 1889)
  • Jan 11 Fitz-Henry Warren, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1878)
  • Jan 15 Marie LaFarge, French murderer (d. 1852)
  • Jan 19 Henry Gray, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • Jan 23 Carl Herrmann, near stage magician, born in Hanover, Germany
  • Jan 26 Lloyd Tilghman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Jan 30 Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • Feb 17 Haller Nutt, Southern Plantation owner (d. 1864)
  • Mar 2 Alexander H. Bullock, 26th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1882)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 7 James Donnelly, Irish-Canadian patriarch of the Donnelly family (Black Donnelly massacre), born in Ireland (d. 1880)

Squatter James Donnelly
Squatter
James Donnelly
  • Mar 12 David Stuart, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1868)
  • Mar 14 Montgomery Dent Corse, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • Mar 29 James Gallant Spears, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1869)
  • Apr 5 Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1890)
  • Apr 8 Frederick William Burton, painter
  • Apr 16 Edward "Old Allegheny" Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Apr 17 Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (d. 1876)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 21 Charlotte Brontë,English novelist (Jane Eyre), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire

  • Apr 21 Louis Trezevant Wigfall, Confederate Army, (d. 1874)
  • Apr 22 Philip James Bailey, English poet (Festus)
  • Apr 22 Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
  • May 3 Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union Army), (d. 1892)
  • May 16 Henry Hopkins Sibley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1886)
  • May 24 Emanuel Leutze, US, painter (Washington Crossing the Delaware)
  • May 24 Robert Seaman Granger, (Union Army Bvt Major general, (d. 1894))
  • Jun 4 Phillipe Regis Denis de Keredern de Trobriand, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union)
  • Jun 11 Robert Huston Milroy, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • Jun 19 William Henry Webb, American industrialist (d. 1899)
  • Jun 28 Jacob P P baron van Zuylen van Nijevelt, Min Foreign Affairs (1852-53)
  • Jul 4 Hiram Walker, American grocer and distiller (d. 1899)
  • Jul 7 Isaac Fitzgerald Shepard, Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
  • Jul 11 French A Durlet, Belgian sculptor/architect
  • Jul 13 Gustav Freytag, writer
  • Jul 14 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • Jul 20 William Bowman, English anatomist
  • Jul 21 Paul Julius Baron von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news service, born in Kassel (d. 1899)
  • Jul 25 Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition)
  • Jul 31 George Henry Thomas, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1870)
  • Aug 3 John Eugene Smith, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1897)
  • Aug 4 Israel Vogdes, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
  • Aug 19 Julius PJA van Zuylen van Nyevelt, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs
  • Aug 21 Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, French chemist (d. 1856)
  • Aug 24 Daniel Gooch, laid 1st successful transatlantic cables
  • Sep 6 Francis Stebbins Bartow, Col (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Sep 11 Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (d. 1888)
  • Sep 23 Elihu Benjamin Washburne, MC (Union), (d. 1887)
  • Sep 23 Julius White, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • Oct 4 Egbert Benson Brown, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1902)
  • Oct 15 Amiel Weeks Whipple, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • Oct 16 William Preston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • Oct 29 Ferdinand II AFA, king of Portugal
  • Nov 3 Jubal Anderson Early, Lt General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • Nov 4 William Polk Hardeman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1898)
  • Nov 4 Stephen Johnson Field, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1899)
  • Nov 14 John Curwen, English Congregationalist minister and founder of Tonic sol-fa music system, born in Heckmondwike, Yorkshire (d. 1880)
  • Nov 15 Joseph Bennett Plummer, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Nov 26 William Henry Talkbot Walker, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Nov 29 Morrison Waite, American jurist (d. 1888)
  • Dec 6 Henry Eustace McCulloch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • Dec 8 August Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born American financier (d. 1890)
  • Dec 13 Clement Claiborne Clay, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1882)
  • Dec 13 E Werner von Siemens, German artillery officer/inventor
  • Dec 18 Alfred Elzey Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1871)
  • Dec 27 Eliakim Parker Scammon, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • Dec 29 Carl Ludwig, German physician (d. 1895)

Weddings in History

  • Feb 29 Dutch (King) Willem II marries Russian grand-duchess Anna Paulowna
  • May 2 Léopold (Léopold I)of Saxe-Coburg, 1st King of Belgium following independence from the Netherlands marries British Princess Charlotte Augusta
  • Dec 30 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (24) marries 2nd wife writer "Frankenstein" Mary Godwin (19) and daughter of early feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft

Divorces in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 16 Leading Romantic poet Lord Byron signs Deed of Separation dissolving his marriage with Lady Byron at her request after 1 year of marriage

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 27 Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood/admiral, dies at 92

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood
  • Jan 30 Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver/cartoonist/art collector, dies at 74
  • Feb 6 Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)
  • Feb 22 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian, dies at 92
  • Mar 19 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician (b. 1730)
  • Apr 28 Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher (b. 1862)
  • May 28 Ras Wolde Selassie, Ethiopian warlord
  • May 29 Madame L'Ouverture, widow of Haiti's leader Toussaint L'O, dies
  • Jun 6 Christiane Vulpius, wife of Johann W von Goethe, dies at 51
  • Jun 12 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
  • Jul 7 Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and politician (b. 1751)
  • Jul 14 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
  • Jul 20 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (b. 1743)
  • Jul 23 Elizabeth Hamilton, author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68
  • Aug 7 Dionysius G van der Keessel, Dut lawyer (Theses selectae), dies at 77
  • Aug 9 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (b. 1771)
  • Oct 30 Frederick I of Württemberg (b. 1754)
  • Nov 6 Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (b. 1752)